Flag of Bavaria

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Bavaria
Flag of Bavaria (striped).svg
NameStreifenflagge[1] (striped flag)
UseCivil and state flag, civil ensign
Proportion3:5
AdoptedHistorical
DesignA bicolor of white over blue.
Flag of Bavaria (lozengy).svg
Variant flag of Bavaria
NameRautenflagge[1] (lozenge flag)
UseCivil and state flag, civil ensign
Proportion3:5
Adopted1953
DesignAn array of 21 or more lozenges of blue and white, with or without arms.

There are officially two flags of Bavaria: the striped type, and the lozenge type, both of which are white and blue. Both flags are historically associated with the royal Bavarian Wittelsbach family, which ruled Bavaria from 1180 to 1918.[2]

Overview[edit]

Both horizontal and vertical flags with stripes or white and blue lozenges without arms can be considered official flags of the state, in Bavaria called the Staatsflagge. They may be used by civilians, and by government including use on official motor vehicles. The striped and lozenge styles have equal status, and offices or users are free to choose between them.[1]

The variants defaced with the arms are unofficial, and use of the symbols by civilians is strictly speaking illegal, but is tolerated. A lozenge-style flag with the arms is common.

The exact shade of blue has never been codified, but most flags used by the public are approximately RGB 0-204-255; official use something closer to RGB 0-128-255. The lozenges are not set in number, except there must be at least 21, and the top left (incomplete) lozenge must be white.[3] The exact origin of the lozenges is disputed; some believe them to be representative of the lakes and rivers of Bavaria, or perhaps the sky (as in the Bavarian anthem, which says "die Farben Seines Himmels, Weiß und Blau" – "the colors of His sky/heaven, white and blue").

In vexillology, flags are described and displayed from the front. In Bavaria however, the description of the flag is based on heraldic rules. That is, the description is made from the point of view of a shield bearer who is behind the coat of arms, and in this case behind the flag. Thus, the right upper corner, reserved for a truncated white lozenge, is on the upper left (adjacent to the flagpole) for the viewer.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Flag Legislation (Bavaria, Germany), Executive Order on Flags of 1954". Flags of the World. Retrieved 19 September 2011.
  2. ^ Whitney Smith (1975), Flags Through the Ages and Across the World
  3. ^ Marcus Schmöger (2001-01-28), Verwaltungsanordnung über die bayerischen Staatsflaggen (in German), retrieved 2008-11-24 (Translated.)