Flag of Burkina Faso

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Burkina Faso
Flag of Burkina Faso.svg
Use National flag
Proportion 2:3
Adopted August 4, 1984
Design A horizontal bicolor of red and green with a yellow star in the center
Upper Volta flag

The national flag of Burkina Faso is formed by two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and green, with a yellow five-pointed star resting in the center.[1] The flag was adopted on 4 August 1984. The flag is coloured in the popular Pan-African colours of the Ethiopian flag, reflecting both a break with the country’s colonial past and its unity with other African ex-colonies. The red is also said to symbolize the revolution and the green the abundance of agricultural and natural riches. The yellow star placed over the red and green stripes is the guiding light of the revolution. The flag was adopted following the coup of 1983 which brought Thomas Sankara to power.[2]

National coat of arms[edit]

The current coat of arms of Burkina Faso feature a shield with the national flag colors, with a scroll bearing the name "BURKINA FASO" accompanied by two stallions on each side, with an open book at the bottom. A lower banner bears the national motto in French: "Unity - Progress - Justice".

Prior national flags and coat of arms[edit]

The original flag of Upper Volta, adopted at independence, contained three horizontal stripes of black, white, and red. These colours represented the three major tributaries of the Volta River, which flows south through the country: the Black Volta, the White Volta and the Red Volta. It is similar to the old Imperial German flag.

From 1984 until 1997, the official Burkina Faso coat of arms used a revolutionary central crest featuring a mattock crossed with a Soviet AK-47 assault rifle, along with an open book symbolising the importance of education and the study of revolutionary principles. A lower banner declared in French, "Motherland or Death, We Shall Overcome".

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Flag of Burkina Faso". The World Factbook. CIA. Retrieved 2008-07-15. 
  2. ^ Smith, Whitney (2002). Flag Lore Of All Nations. Millbrook Press. p. 21. ISBN 0-7613-1753-8. 

External links[edit]