A green field with the centered cross of three bands: the vertical part is: yellow, black and white and the horizontal part is: yellow, black and white and the red disk superimposed at the center of the cross bearing the Sisserou Parrot facing the hoist-side encircled by ten green five-pointed stars.
The flag of Dominica was adopted on November 3, 1978, with some small changes having been made in 1981, 1988, and 1990. The original flag was designed by playwright Alwin Bully in early 1978 as the country prepared for independence.
The flag, adopted in 1978, features the national bird emblem, the sisserou parrot, which also appears on the coat of arms granted on 21 July 1961. This parrot, endemic to Dominica, is an endangered species with a population of only 250–350 individuals.
The sisserou parrot is sometimes colored either blue or purple (the parrot's actual color). The use of purple makes the flag of Dominica the only flag of a sovereign state to include the color. However, the flag of Nicaragua features a rainbow and therefore, violet.