Flag of the United Arab Emirates

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United Arab Emirates
Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg
UseNational flag and state ensign
AdoptedDecember 2, 1971
DesignA horizontal tricolour of green, white and black with a vertical ​14-width red bar at the hoist
Designed byH.E. Abdulla Mohamed Almaainah, current Ambassador of the UAE to the Czech Republic

The flag of the United Arab Emirates (Arabic: علم دولة الإمارات العربية المتحدة‎) contains the Pan-Arab colors red, green, white, and black. It was designed in 1971 by a 19-year-old Emirati, Abdullah Mohammed Al Maainah, and adopted on December 2, 1971.[1][2][3] The main theme of the flag's four colors is the unity of Arab nations. In 2008, there was a minor change to the Emblem.

Merchant ships may fly the alternative civil ensign, a red flag with the national flag in the canton.

All Emirates use the federal flag interchangeably as the flag of the emirate.

Emirates airlines planes with the UAE flag on them


Flag of each emirate[edit]

Each of the seven emirates within the United Arab Emirates originally had a common red plain flag as each emirate's banner, the red banner represents the descension and allegiance to the prophet Muhammad. In 1820, six out of the seven emirates signed the General treaty agreement with the British Empire which compelled them to be under the British Protectorate rule and protection in the region. A white segment was enforced to be added to the hoist of each emirate's flag.

Fujairah was the only emirate which did not sign the general treaty in 1820 with the British protectorate and therefore continued to use its plain red flag.[4]

Abu Dhabi[edit]

Flag of Abu Dhabi

The flag of Abu Dhabi is a red flag with a white rectangle at the top-left corner.

Ajman and Dubai[edit]

Flag of Ajman and Dubai

The flags of Ajman and Dubai are identical. They are both plain red with a white bar at the hoist, i.e. closest to the flag staff.[5]


Flag of Fujairah from 1952

Before 1952, the flag of Fujairah was plain red. Fujairah did not sign the general treaty in 1820 with the British protectorate and therefore is still using its red plain flag.[4] In 1952, the emirate's name was added to the flag, and a red flag with a white Arabic calligraphy of the emirate name was adopted as an ensign to distinguish it from the surrounding emirates.

Ras Al Khaimah and Sharjah[edit]

Flag of Ras Al Khaimah and Sharjah

The flags of Ras Al Khaimah and Sharjah are identical as they are both ruled by two branches of the same house. They show a large red rectangle on a white background.

Umm Al Quwain[edit]

Flag of Umm Al Quwain

The flag of Umm Al Quwain consists of a red background, a white bar at the hoist similar the flags of Ajman and Dubai, and a large white star and crescent in the center as a symbol of Islam and representing allegiance to the Islamic world.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "UNITED ARAB EMIRATES | MAPS, TIME, HISTORY, LANGUAGE | UAE". www.vjcyber.com. Retrieved 2019-01-24.
  2. ^ "UAE flag - Colors, Meaning and Symbolism". edarabia.com. Retrieved 2019-01-24.
  3. ^ "8 Cool Facts about the UAE Flag". theculturetrip.com. Retrieved 2019-02-19.
  4. ^ a b Complete Flags of the World. Smithsonian Handbooks. 2007. p. 184. ISBN 978-0-7566-4115-3.
  5. ^ a b Hawley, Donald. "The Trucial States". Twayne Publishers, New York, 1970. pp. 326-7.

External links[edit]