Flag of East Timor
|Use||National flag and ensign|
|Adopted||28 November 1975 (de facto)
19 May 2002 (de jure)
|Design||A black triangle bearing a white five-pointed star over a larger yellow triangle based on the hoist, on a red field|
The flag of East Timor (Portuguese: Bandeira de Timor-Leste) was adopted in 2002. It is the same as the flag adopted when the country first declared independence from Portugal in 1975, nine days before being occupied by Indonesia.
As per the Constitution of the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste, the yellow (PMS 123) triangle represents "the traces of colonialism in East Timor's history". The black triangle represents "the obscurantism that needs to be overcome"; the red (PMS 485) base of the flag represents "the struggle for national liberation"; the star, or "the light that guides", is white to represent peace.
Official description of the flag
According to the Constitution of the Democratic Republic of East Timor, Part I, Section 15:
- "The national flag is rectangular and is formed by two isosceles triangles, the bases of which are overlapping. One triangle is black and its height is equal to one-third of the length overlapped to the yellow triangle, whose height is equal to half the length of the Flag. In the center of the black triangle there is a white star of five ends, meaning the light that guides. The white star has one of its ends turned towards the left side end of the flag. The remaining part of the flag is red."
A different flag had been suggested by the representatives of the Timorese political parties and organizations during the first East Timorese National Convention held in April 1998 in Portugal. This flag was originally the flag of CNRT (National Council of East Timorese Resistance) Conselho Nacional de Resistência Timorense. Because of CNRT's popularity, there was a consensus of the participants of the Convention to adopt their flag as a temporary flag for East Timor. It was replaced by the former design of 1975 in 2002.
- Complete Flags of the World. Dorling Kindersley. 1997. p. 279. ISBN 978-1-4093-5371-3.