Flag of Jammu and Kashmir

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The flag of Jammu and Kashmir was a flag used in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. Under special status granted to the region by Article 370 of the Constitution of India, Jammu and Kashmir was permitted to fly its own state flag in addition to the national flag of India. [1]

Flag history of Jammu and Kashmir[edit]

Jammu and Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir Flag (1952-2019).svg
UseState flag

Article 144 of the Constitution of Jammu and Kashmir, stated that flag of the state shall be rectangular 3:2 format. Its colour is red, which originally represented the blood of the martyrs of the 13 July 1931 demonstration, but later came to symbolise workers and labourers. In the middle a white plough further symbolises the peasants. Next to the staff, three vertical white stripes represent the three regions of Jammu, Kashmir valley and Ladakh.[2]

The flag had its origin in events that took place on 13 July 1931 in Srinagar. During a demonstration against the Dogra rulers, police opened fire and 21 people were killed. The blood-tainted shirt of one of the victims was then hoisted by the crowd as the new flag of Kashmir. 13 July is known as Martyrs' Day and is an official holiday in Jammu and Kashmir.[2]

On 11 July 1939, the flag was adopted by the Jammu & Kashmir National Conference, a political party. On 7 June 1952, a resolution was passed by the Constituent Assembly of Jammu and Kashmir, making it the official state flag.

2015 controversy[edit]

The Constitution of Jammu and Kashmir, in force at the time,[when?] made it mandatory to hoist the state flag alongside the Flag of India.[1] In 2015, the newly elected Bharatiya Janata Party members in the Jammu and Kashmir legislative assembly refused to hoist the state flag in their offices. BJP Ministers did not hoist the State flag either, as they consider that it is of no importance.[1]

The government led by Chief Minister Mufti Mohammad Sayeed then issued a circular making it compulsory to hoist the state flag along with the national flag, stating that "The state flag has the same sanctity and position as the Union flag has under the Indian Constitution and other statutory provisions." However, within 20 hours, the state government withdrew this circular.[1][3][4] On withdrawal of the circular, the Jammu & Kashmir BJP spokesperson said, "“Our leaders cannot have any other flag on their vehicles besides the Tricolour. We welcome the withdrawal of the circular."[1]

In December 2015, the Jammu and Kashmir High Court ordered the government of the state to hoist the state flag along with national flag on official buildings and vehicles of constitutional authorities.[5] However, this decision was contested by the Bharatiya Janata Party and in January 2016 Jammu and Kashmir High Court stayed their decision. Deputy Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir Nirmal Kumar Singh said that no flag could be hoisted at an equal level of the national flag of India. Other parties alleged that the BJP is trying to impose its nationalist agenda on a state with special status.[6] Despite the stance of the BJP, ministers of its coalition partner PDP continue to use the state flag alongside the national flag in official meetings. The youth wing of the National Conference also launched a campaign encouraging people to use the state flag as the profile image on their social media accounts saying that "the State flag of J&K doesn't undermine or take away the protocol or status of the National Flag and is clearly provided for in our constitution."[7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e "Under BJP pressure, J&K withdraws flag order". The Hindu. 14 March 2015. Retrieved 28 April 2015.
  2. ^ a b Noorani, A. G. (4 September 2015). "Two flags, one State". Frontline. Retrieved 10 September 2015.
  3. ^ "J&K govt withdraws order on state flag". The Times of India. 14 March 2015. Retrieved 28 April 2015.
  4. ^ "Mufti government withdraws controversial circular on state flag". India Today. 14 March 2015. Retrieved 28 April 2015.
  5. ^ "J&K High Court directs Mufti government to hoist state flag on buildings of constitutional authorities". IBNLive. 28 December 2015. Retrieved 29 December 2015.
  6. ^ Share on Twitter (1 January 2016). "Jammu and Kashmir high court stays its two-flag order - Times of India". Times of India. Retrieved 6 January 2016.
  7. ^ "BJP isolated as PDP ministers display J&K flag". The Hindu. 6 January 2016. Retrieved 7 January 2016.