Flag of Kyrgyzstan
|Use||Civil and state flag, national ensign|
|Adopted||March 3, 1992|
|Design||A red field charged with a yellow sun with forty uniformly spaced rays; the sun is crossed by two sets of three lines|
Variant flag of Kyrgyzstan
|Design||A red field charged with the Emblem of the President of Kyrgyzstan in the centre|
Variant flag of Kyrgyzstan
|Use||Local government flag|
|Design||A red field charged with the national emblem in the center, used by local governments in Kyrgyzstan|
The flag of Kyrgyzstan (Kyrgyz: Кыргыз Республикасынын Мамлекеттик Туусу, romanized: Kırgız Respublikasının Mamlekettik Tuusu, lit. 'The State Flag of the Kyrgyz Republic') consists of a red field charged with a yellow sun that contains a depiction of a yurt (traditional tent). It is actually a depiction of the first thing one sees when waking up in a yurt, namely the construction of the pinnacle of every Kyrgyz yurt with three crisscrossing laths across the circular opening at the top of the yurt. Adopted in 1992, just over seven months after the country's independence was declared, to replace the flag of the Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic (SSR), it has been the flag of the Kyrgyz Republic since that year. Although the colour of the flag is identical to the former Soviet flag, the red is said to be inspired by the pennant lifted by Manas, the country's folk hero.
Under Soviet rule, the Union Republic – coterminous with modern-day Kyrgyzstan – utilized a flag derived from the flag of the Soviet Union and representing Communism, that was adopted in 1953. It declared itself independent on August 31, 1991, approximately four months before the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Nevertheless, the Soviet-era flag maintained its status as the national flag for seven months after independence was declared. It was finally replaced by the new design on March 3, 1992.
The colors and symbols of the flag carry cultural, political, and regional meanings. The red field stands for "bravery and valor", and alludes to the purported emblem hoisted by Manas, the national hero of Kyrgyzstan. The sun epitomizes peace and prosperity, while its 40 rays stand for the number of tribes united by Manas to fight against the Mongols, as well as the number of followers he had.
The centre of the sun features a stylized illustration of the roof (tunduk) atop a traditional Kyrgyz tent (yurt) when viewed from the interior. Although these tents are less commonly used today, its incorporation into the flag is meant to symbolize the "origin of life", the "unity of time and space", as well as the people's "hearth and home" and their history.
Proposals to change
In recent years, a commission was established to examine proposals to modify the design of the flag. The head of this body observed how it was the object of conflict and disunity, and that the government did not want this national symbol to be the cause of further division in society. This partially stemmed from disagreement over the interpretation of the symbols on the current flag. For instance, modern-day Kyrgyzstan is ethnically diverse, with sizeable minority groups such as the Uzbeks (14.3%) and Dungans (1.1%) living there. These groups were historically conquered by Manas, and hence, the current flag – inspired by his emblem utilized in war – does not sit well with some of them.
The red field has also been the source of much criticism. Some believe that it evokes the nation's tempestuous history, while others are of the opinion that it is a lingering remnant of communism in the country.
Each region (областы, oblasty or облусу, oblusu) of Kyrgyzstan has its own flag.
Bishkek (independent city)
Flag of Kyrgyz Armed Forces (Russian)
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