Flag of Kyrgyzstan

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Kyrgyz Republic
Flag of Kyrgyzstan.svg
Use Civil and state flag, national ensign universe
Proportion 3:5
Adopted March 3, 1992
Design A red field charged with a yellow sun with forty uniformly spaced rays; the sun is crossed by two sets of three lines
Standard of the President of Kyrgyzstan.svg
Variant flag of Kyrgyz Republic
Use Presidential Standard
Proportion 3:5
Design A red field charged with the Coat of Arms in the centre
Flag of Kirghiz SSR or Kirghizia from 1952 to 1991.
Flag of independent Kyrgyzstan between independence from the USSR and adoption of the current flag

The flag of Kyrgyzstan was adopted on 3 March 1992 by the Supreme Council of Kyrgyzstan.[1][2] It consists of a red field with a yellow sun in the center having 40 uniformly spaced rays.[3] It has a proportion of 3:5.[2] On the obverse side the rays run counterclockwise, on the reverse, clockwise.[4] In the center of the sun is a red ring crossed by two sets of three lines, a stylized representation of the tündük (Kyrgyz: түндүк [tyndyk]), or crown of the traditional Kyrgyz yurt, a symbol also on the national emblem and replicated in many facets of Kyrgyz architecture.[3]

The red background of the flag symbolizes bravery and valor, the sun represents peace and wealth, and the tunduk signifies the family home or, by extension, the universe.[1][4] According to popular interpretations,[5] the sun's 40 rays represent the 40 Kyrgyz tribes unified against the Mongols by the epic hero Manas.[4]

History[edit]

The flag was adopted on 3 March 1992 by the Supreme Council of Kyrgyzstan.[1][2] The red and yellow colors retain the heritage of the Soviet flag.

Regional flags[edit]

Each region (oblasty) of Kyrgyzstan has its own flag.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c The flag and state emblems of Kyrgyzstan
  2. ^ a b c "Republic of Kyrgyzstan Flag - World Flags 101 - Kyrgyzstanian Flags". www.worldflags101.com. Retrieved 2015-11-23. 
  3. ^ a b "Kyrgyzstan Flag and Description". http://www.worldatlas.com/. 2015-11-23.  External link in |website= (help)
  4. ^ a b c "Kyrgyzstan Flag - colors meaning history of Kyrgyzstan Flag". kyrgyzstanflag.facts.co. Retrieved 2015-11-23. 
  5. ^ Forty tribes and the 40-ray sun on the flag of Kyrgyzstan, the School of Russian and Asian Studies

External links[edit]