Flag of Liechtenstein
|Use||Civil and state flag|
|Adopted||June 30, 1982|
|Design||A horizontal bicolour of blue and red, charged with a gold crown in the canton|
The flag of Liechtenstein (German: Flagge Liechtensteins) is the national flag of the Principality of Liechtenstein. It consists of two horizontal blue and red bands charged with a gold crown in the canton. In use since 1764 and officially enshrined into the nation's constitution in 1921, it has been the flag of the principality since that year. The crown was added to the flag in 1937 after the country found out at the Summer Olympics held the previous year that their flag was identical to the civil flag of Haiti.
Liechtenstein was formed in 1719 as a principality within the Holy Roman Empire, and gained complete independence in 1866. Within this period, the colours blue and red were selected to feature on the flag, instead of the gold and red on the coat of arms that would have customarily been employed instead. These new livery colours were first utilized by Prince Joseph Wenzel I in 1764.
A new constitution for the Principality was formulated and proclaimed in October 1921. It made the blue and red banner the national flag by granting it "official status". Fifteen years later, during the 1936 Summer Olympics, the country came to the realization that its flag was identical to the flag of Haiti. (Haiti took part in the Opening Ceremony but their sole athlete did not compete) Because of this finding, the government added the prince's crown to the canton. This change served two purposes – to signify Liechtenstein's position as a principality, and to distinguish its flag from Haiti's. This modified design was adopted on June 24, 1937.
The colors and symbols of the flag carry cultural, political, and regional meanings. The blue represents the sky, while red alludes to the "evening fires" that are lit inside houses throughout the country. The crown – whose colour is disputed – epitomizes the "unity of the people and their prince." While The World Factbook and Reuters describe it as gold in colour, other sources – such as Whitney Smith in the Encyclopædia Britannica – describe it as yellow.
Flags of municipalities
The eleven municipalities each have their own flag.
Flag of Ruggell
Flag of Schellenberg
Flag of Gamprin
Flag of Eschen
Flag of Mauren
Flag of Schaan
Flag of Planken
Flag of Vaduz
Flag of Triesenberg
Flag of Triesen
Flag of Balzers
- Smith, Whitney (July 17, 2013). "Flag of Liechtenstein". Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Retrieved June 26, 2014. (subscription required)
- "Liechtenstein profile". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved June 26, 2014.
- "History of Liechtenstein". Lonely Planet. Retrieved June 26, 2014.
- "Liechtenstein". The World Factbook. CIA. Retrieved June 26, 2014.
- Rainey, Venetia (July 24, 2012). "Flag bearing: a potted history". Reuters. Retrieved June 26, 2014.
- Kindersley, Dorling (November 3, 2008). Complete Flags of the World. Dorling Kindersley Ltd. p. 148. ISBN 9781405338615. Retrieved June 26, 2014.
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