Original design: 1912 (current version of design November 22, 2010)
Image of a pelican feeding her young with her own blood on a field of azure. Below the pelican, a ribbon displays "Union Justice Confidence"
The flag of Louisiana (French: Drapeau de la Louisiane) consists of a "pelican in her piety," the heraldic charge representing a mother pelican "in her nest feeding her young with her blood[,]" on an azure field with state motto reworded to "Union Justice Confidence." First adopted in 1912, it was last modified in 2006.
"I pledge allegiance to the flag of the state of Louisiana and to the motto for which it stands: A state, under God, united in purpose and ideals, confident that justice shall prevail for all of those abiding here."
In February 1861, Louisiana officially adopted a flag with a single yellow star in a red canton, with thirteen red, white and blue stripes. This was used through the end of the American Civil War, though the Pelican flag and Flag of January 1861 remained in use unofficially.
The mother pelican's head and outspread wings covering the three pelican chicks nestled below her form a stylized fleur-de-lis, another emblem of similar significance often depicted in Louisiana. This symbol, emblematic of Christian charity (and of Catholicism), is also found on the state seal. During the 19th century it was traditional in Louisiana flags and the state seal for the pelican in her piety to have three drops of blood on her chest. In later years the tradition (on both the state flag and seal) had been haphazardly followed, which was noticed by an eighth-grader at Vandebilt Catholic High School in Houma, who brought this to the attention of his state legislator. In April 2006, the Louisiana State Legislature passed a law which specifies three drops of blood to be depicted on the pelican used in both the state's flag and seal. In November 2010, the current flag design was revealed at a state swearing-in ceremony; state officials said the current design "was required by" the 2006 law and featured a more detailed pelican than the previous design and removed the word "and" from the ribbon.