Flag of Manchukuo

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Flag of Manchukuo.svg
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag National flag of Manchukuo.
UseCivil and state flag, civil ensign
Adopted1 March 1932 (1932-03-01)
Relinquished17 August 1945 (1945-08-17)
Manchukuo Naval Ensign.
War Ensign of Manchukuo.svg
UseNaval ensign
Flag of the Emperor of Manchukuo.
Flag of the Emperor of Manchukuo.svg

The flag of the Empire of Manchuria had a yellow field with four horizontal stripes of different colours in the upper-left corner. The colours of the flag were based on the colours on the Five Races Under One Union flags used by the Beiyang government, Empire of China and by the Fengtian clique. The flag was first established in Announcement of National Flag on 1 March 1932.[1]


According to the Document of the Explanation of National Flag issued by state council of Manchukuo on 24 February 1933, the colours on the flag represent the four directions and center.[2] The Study of Manchukuo National Flag published by state council of Manchukuo later also gave a representative based on Wu Xing.[3]

  • Yellow represents the center, symbolizes the rule of emperor of four directions and virtue of Ren in Confucianism, also Earth in Five Elements.
  • Red represents the South, symbolises passion and courage, also Fire in Five Elements.
  • Blue represents the East, symbolises youthfulness and holiness, also Wood in Five Elements.
  • White represents the West, symbolises purity and justice, also Gold in Five Elements.
  • Black represents the North, symbolises will and determination, also Water in Five Elements.[4]

The colours also represent the five major peoples in Manchukuo:

Manchukuo naval rank flags are similar in design to those of Soviet Navy but retained Manchukuo national colours.

Other Manchukuo flags[edit]

Manchukuo Naval Ensign

Navy of Manchukuo[edit]



Coast Guard[edit]

Marine Police[edit]

Postal flag[edit]

Political organization[edit]

Boy Scouts of Manchukuo[edit]

South Manchuria Railway Company[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "満洲國政府公報日譯" 第1号、1932年4月1日、3頁
  2. ^ 对国旗意义的解释文件, State council of Manchukuo, 24 February 1933
  3. ^ 《新国家大満洲》,趙欣伯 著,東京書房,昭和7年
  4. ^ 貴志俊彦著『満洲国のビジュアル・メディア―ポスター・絵はがき・切手』、吉川弘文館 22頁、ISBN 978-4642080361

External links[edit]