Flag of Manchukuo
|National flag of Manchukuo.|
|Use||Civil and state flag, civil ensign|
|Adopted||1 March 1932|
|Relinquished||17 August 1945|
|Manchukuo Naval Ensign.|
|Flag of the Emperor of Manchukuo.|
The flag of the Empire of Manchuria had a yellow field with four horizontal stripes of different colours in the upper-left corner. The colours of the flag were based on the colours on the Five Races Under One Union flags used by the Beiyang government, Empire of China and by the Fengtian clique. The flag was first established in Announcement of National Flag on 1 March 1932.
According to the Document of the Explanation of National Flag issued by state council of Manchukuo on 24 February 1933, the colours on the flag represent the four directions and center. The Study of Manchukuo National Flag published by state council of Manchukuo later also gave a representative based on Wu Xing.
- Yellow represents the center, symbolizes the rule of emperor of four directions and virtue of Ren in Confucianism, also Earth in Five Elements.
- Red represents the South, symbolises passion and courage, also Fire in Five Elements.
- Blue represents the East, symbolises youthfulness and holiness, also Wood in Five Elements.
- White represents the West, symbolises purity and justice, also Gold in Five Elements.
- Black represents the North, symbolises will and determination, also Water in Five Elements.
The colours also represent the five major peoples in Manchukuo:
- Yellow represents the Manchu people.
- Red represents the Han Chinese
- Blue represents the Mongol people.
- White represents the Hui people.
- Black represents the Tibetan people.
Manchukuo naval rank flags are similar in design to those of Soviet Navy but retained Manchukuo national colours.
Other Manchukuo flags
Flag of Concordia Association
Boy Scouts of Manchukuo
Flag of Boy Scouts of Manchukuo
South Manchuria Railway Company
Flag of South Manchuria Railway Company
- ^ "満洲國政府公報日譯" 第1号、1932年4月1日、3頁
- ^ 对国旗意义的解释文件, State council of Manchukuo, 24 February 1933
- ^ 《新国家大満洲》，趙欣伯 著，東京書房，昭和7年
- ^ 貴志俊彦著『満洲国のビジュアル・メディア―ポスター・絵はがき・切手』、吉川弘文館 22頁、ISBN 978-4642080361