Flag of Milwaukee

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Milwaukee
Flag of Milwaukee, Wisconsin
Adopted 1954
Designed by Fred Steffan

The official flag of Milwaukee was adopted in 1954.[1]

Description[edit]

It displays symbols of Milwaukee on a medium blue background. In the center, a gear, representing industry, bears symbols of Milwaukee's identity and history. An Indian head represents Native American origins. A flag with two stars, said to be a Civil War-era flag, may also represent a service flag.[2][3] A lamp symbol in the upper right was once associated with the Milwaukee City Library.[1] Below this is Milwaukee City Hall, representing government, which is flanked by abstract outlines of a church, housing, a factory, the Milwaukee Arena, and the former County Stadium (demolished in 2001) along a straight shoreline with waves representing Lake Michigan. The golden barley stalk on the left represents Milwaukee's brewing history, and the red ship with water symbolizes Milwaukee's status as a port city, with the 1846 date of city incorporation from the merger with Byron Kilbourn's Kilbourntown and Solomon Juneau's Juneautown on the flag's right vertically.

History[edit]

First proposals[edit]

The first attempt to introduce a civic flag came in an 1897 Milwaukee Journal contest. The winning entry included an oak branch with the motto "Steady Progress" over a cream-colored field.[4][5] The design was praised by then-mayor William C. Rauschenberger, who lost reelection shortly thereafter. The flag was never officially used by the city.[6]

Original city flag[edit]

In 1917, Alderman Frederick C. Bogk called for a city flag as part of an ambitious plan for Milwaukee's growth, along with expanding the harbor, investing in infrastructure, preserving residential districts, and annexing the innermost suburbs.[6] The flag never came to fruition.[7]

The first flag of Milwaukee, adopted in 1927
The first flag of Milwaukee, adopted in 1927

In 1927, the Common Council adopted the city's first official city flag, a field of Alice blue with the city seal in golden orange in the center.[8] The flag was given to the Milwaukee Police Department to be carried in parades, and quickly fell into disuse.[6]

Proposed design from 1928
Flag deisgned for MS Milwaukee ceremony, 1928

The following year, the Hamburg America cruise line decided to christen its newest ship the MS Milwaukee. The company requested Milwaukee's city flag be brought to Germany for her launching ceremony. Rather than send the Alice blue flag introduced just the year before, the city considered a new flag design, incorporating alternating angled bars of green and blue emblazoned with a cream-colored "M" over a red circle.[9]

1950 re-design contest[edit]

Efforts continued to introduce a new city flag. In 1942, Alderman Fred P. Meyers introduced a new resolution in the Common Council proposing "a special city flag committee composed of aldermen and public-spirited citizens who, with the co-operation of the art commission and other art institutions would be commissioned to recommend a design to be ready for Milwaukee's one hundred birthday" on January 31, 1946. The anniversary came and went without any action from the Council.[6]

Grayscale version of the 1950 contest winner

In the 1950s, Alderman Meyers re-introduced his proposed bill. Milwaukee leaders discovered it was one of only four cities with a population over 500,000 without a flag, and so the city held a contest for flag designs. The winner was 17-year old Milwaukeean Alfred P. Dannenmann, who created a flag featuring three interlocking gears labeled "HOMES", "INDUSTRY", and "SHIPPING" between a banner reading "MILWAUKEE" and the date "1846". Dannenmann was awarded a $100 savings bond, but his design was not officially adopted by the city. Instead, the city's art commission decided to design a new flag itself, incorporating elements of several entries from the previous year's contest.[10] Former alderman Fred Steffan combined elements of some of the better entries to create the flag.[6]

1975 re-design contest[edit]

1975 flag contest winner

In 1975 the city held another contest for a new flag design. Lee Tishler, a Milwaukee Public Museum employee, won with a bright yellow banner featuring symbols of civic life. Although Tishler was awarded the contest's prize of a $100 savings bond in a ceremony at City Hall, his flag was not adopted.[11][12]

2001 re-design contest[edit]

In 2001, the Milwaukee Arts Board of the Milwaukee Common Council held a contest to attract designs for a new flag.[13] Over 105 designs were submitted, but none met with the approval of the board, and the old design was kept.[14] In a 2004 poll conducted by the North American Vexillological Association, the flag of Milwaukee was rated the fourth worst of all major cities in the United States.[15]

"The People's Flag"[edit]

The People's Flag of Milwaukee
"Sunrise Over the Lake" by Robert Lenz, winner of the 2016 People's Flag of Milwaukee design contest[16]

In 2015, in response to negative media coverage spurred by a 99% Invisible episode, Steve Kodis, a local graphic designer, partnered with Greater Together, an AIGA-affiliated non-profit, to launch a flag contest called "The People's Flag of Milwaukee".[17][18] The public submitted 1,006 entries, from which five finalists were chosen in 2016. In an online poll of over 6,000 people, a design called "Sunrise Over the Lake" received the highest rating of the five.[19] The flag's design is described as follows:

The rising sun over Lake Michigan symbolizes a new day. The light blue bars in its reflection represent the city's three rivers and three founding towns. Gold represents our brewing history and white symbolizes unity.[16]

The organizers of the contest released the design into the public domain, deciding to let the flag gain popular acceptance before pushing for official recognition. Since its introduction, the People's Flag has been adopted by local businesses and used on commercial products from bicycles to microbrew labels.[20] The Milwaukee Brewers sell merchandise featuring their a mash-up of their classic logo and the flag.[21]

On July 19, 2018, the Milwaukee Common Council's Steering and Rules Committee took up a proposal to designate the People's Flag of Milwaukee as the city's new official flag.[22] That committee voted 6-2 to revisit the proposal at another meeting by the end of the year.[23]

Renewed interest[edit]

In recent years, there has been a renewed interest in the current flag, including those who oppose its replacement.[24][25] In addition, there has been a backlash against the People's Flag process, especially around the relatively small number of judges and voters involved in the 2016 vote. During a discussion about adopting the new flag, Alderperson Chantia Lewis said it would not be fair t allow "15 people change the entire flag for 600,000 people." Alderperson Russell Stamper questioned whether the campaign represented the entire city, and Alderperson Bob Donovan reported that only one constituent had reached out to him about the flag issue, and that person was opposed to changing the current flag.[26]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Be Brave: City's Flag May Need Some Change". Milwaukee Journal. October 18, 1973. Retrieved 2 December 2015. 
  2. ^ Holloway, Michael (October 28, 2015). "The Worst City Flag in America?". Urban Milwaukee. Retrieved July 19, 2018. 
  3. ^ "Milwaukee, Wisconsin". Raven: A Journal of Vexillology. 9: 216–218. 2002. doi:10.5840/raven2002/20039/1089. ISSN 1071-0043. 
  4. ^ Foran, Chris (July 19, 2018). "Milwaukee Journal held a design contest for a new city flag — in 1897". jsonline.com. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved July 19, 2018. 
  5. ^ "Design for Civic Flag". Milwaukee Journal. January 10, 1898 – via Michaels, Chance (January 6, 2016). "Flying Milwaukee's Flag". Borchert Field. . 
  6. ^ a b c d e Michaels, Chance (January 6, 2016). "Flying Milwaukee's Flag". Borchert Field. 
  7. ^ "Milwaukee Puzzled, It Has No City Flag". The Delmarvia Star. November 4, 1928. Retrieved July 19, 2018. 
  8. ^ "Official City Flag". The Milwaukee Journal. February 6, 1927. Retrieved July 19, 2018. 
  9. ^ "No City Flag". The Pittsburgh Press. November 4, 1928. Retrieved July 19, 2018. 
  10. ^ "Group WIll Try City Flag Design". The Milwaukee Journal. November 14, 1951. Retrieved July 19, 2018. 
  11. ^ Amy Rabideau Silvers (October 8, 2007). "Tishler had a designer's eye". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. 
  12. ^ McCormick, Tim (June 2, 2015). "Running It Up The Flagpole". Milwaukee Magazine. 
  13. ^ Borowski, Greg J. (June 6, 2001). "New wave: City flag makeover sought". The Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved July 19, 2018. 
  14. ^ Held, Tom (December 19, 2001). "Banner Bore: Designs for new city flag fail to capture spirit of Milwaukee, arts board decides". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Archived from the original on 2011-06-16. Retrieved 2009-05-30. 
  15. ^ "2004 American City Flags Survey - Summary", North American Vexillological Association, 2004 Archived June 8, 2017, at the Wayback Machine.
  16. ^ a b "The People's Flag of Milwaukee". milwaukeeflag.com. 2016-10-09. Retrieved 2016-10-09. 
  17. ^ Moseley, Claire; Maternowski, Michelle (September 4, 2015). "Local Graphic Designer: Milwaukee Deserves a Great Flag. Period". Milwaukee: WUWM. 
  18. ^ "Overview". The People's Flag of Milwaukee. Retrieved 2016-05-28. 
  19. ^ "Milwaukee unveils new flag by Robert Lenz highlighting a unified future". JSOnline. Retrieved 2016-06-15. 
  20. ^ Stingl, Jim (March 6, 2018). "Stingl: Milwaukee's unofficial new flag is showing up in more places". Retrieved July 19, 2018. 
  21. ^ Mueller, Matt (May 31, 2018). "Wear two winning looks in one with these Milwaukee flag Brewers hats". onmilwaukee.com. Retrieved July 19, 2018. 
  22. ^ Miwaukee Common Council [@MKE_CC] (19 July 2018). "Steering and Rules Committee taking up a proposal that designates a new official City flag (pictured). Meeting starts at 1:30. @MKE_TV broadcasting live at Milwaukee.gov/citychannel" (Tweet) – via Twitter. 
  23. ^ Miwaukee Common Council [@MKE_CC] (19 July 2018). "Committee votes 6-2 to take up proposed flag at another meeting by end of the year. In the interim have @MKEArtsBoard review it. Concerns of inclusion of public opinion and the proposed flag being similar to Reno's came up" (Tweet) – via Twitter. 
  24. ^ Weis, Dustin (August 7, 2013). "In defense of Milwaukee's flag". onmilwaukee.com. Retrieved July 20, 2018. 
  25. ^ Rytlewski, Evan (May 17, 2016). "Please Stop Humoring The Misguided Campaign to Replace Milwaukee's Flag". Shepherd Express. Retrieved July 19, 2018. 
  26. ^ Rytlewski, Evan (July 19, 2018). "Alders Blast People's Flag of Milwaukee as Racially Exclusionary and Unoriginal". Shepherd Express. Retrieved July 20, 2018. 

External links[edit]