Flag of Naples
The flag of Naples is a vexillological symbol of the city of Naples, the capital of the Southern Italian region of Campania. The current flag representative of the city consists of two equal-sized rectangles, a golden yellow on the left and on the right side the colour is red.
Previously the flag of Naples meant a national flag during the times of the Kingdom of Naples, several different flags were used depending on who controlled the nation at the time. Perhaps the most prominent flags association with the kingdom are the original Angevin flag, the Bourbon flag and the senyera when the country was part of the Crown of Aragon.
Naples has had other flags in the past, including flags of the Kingdom of Naples.
When Naples was part of the Parthenopaean Republic (1799), the flag had 3 vertical zones, blue, yellow and red. After 1806, the flag was split horizontally in white, red and black. Both horizontal and vertical versions were in use. This flag was used up to 1808.
When Joachim Murat was the king of Naples (1808–1815), the corners had 2 red and 2 black triangles; the coat of arms was inside a rhombus in the center. In 1811 Murat changed the flag to blue with a rectangle in the center whose border was checkered white and red. The coat of arms was on the left side of the rectangle (the civil flag had no coat of arms). From 1820 through 1821, the flag of Naples had 3 horizontal zones colored blue, black and red. The current flag has been in use since 1821.
Naples has formed the basis of Kingdoms and Republics during its history, below are some historical flags associated with Neapolitan domains.
|1282–1442||The flag was first introduced during the time of the Capetian House of Anjou foundation and ruling of the Kingdom of Naples.|
|The kingdom was part of the Crown of Aragon and as thus, the iconic red and yellow senyera became the country's flag representative with Anjou's colors as well.|
|1516–1700||When the Habsburg King Charles IV came to the throne, the kingdom adopted the flag of the rest of the Spanish Empire, the Cross of Burgundy.|
|1714–1734||After the War of the Spanish Succession, Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor became King of Naples, as Charles VI, following the Treaty of Rastatt.|
|This flag was used during the rule of the House of Bourbon, first as the flag of the Kingdom of Naples and later as the flag of the Two Sicilies. Bourbon rule was briefly interrupted by other rulers, the flags of these are listed below.|
|1799||The revolutionary flag of the short lived Parthenopaean Republic, based on the French tricolour with gold in the place of white.|
|1806–1808||This was the Napoleonic flag used for the kingdom during the time that Joseph Bonaparte ruled it.|
|1808–1811||This was the Napoleonic flag used for the kingdom during some of the time that Joachim Murat ruled it.|
|1811–1815||This was the Napoleonic flag used for the kingdom during the second part of the time that Joachim Murat ruled it. He used this new flag during his period as King of Two Sicilies representing Hauteville's colors.|