Flag of Nepal
|Name||Nepali Flag, Triangle Flag, Chandra ra Surya|
|Adopted||16 December 1962|
|Design||A combination of two red pennons (pennants) with the large blue border around the unique shape of two overlapping right triangles: the smaller upper triangle bears the white stylised moon (the rising sun on the horizontal crescent moon) and the larger lower triangle displays the white twelve-pointed sun.|
Variant flag of Nepal
|Use||Old flag of Nepal before 1962|
The national flag of Nepal (Nepali: नेपालको झण्डा) is the world's only non-quadrilateral national flag. The flag is a simplified combination of two single pennons (the vexillological word for pennants). Its crimson red is the colour of the rhododendron, the Nepal's national flower, while the blue border is the colour of peace. Until 1962, the flag's emblems, the sun and the crescent moon, had human faces, but were removed to modernise the flag.
The current flag was adopted on 16 December 1962, along with the formation of a new constitutional government. It borrows from the original design, used throughout the 19th and 20th Centuries, and is a combination of the two individual pennons used for more than 2,000 years.
After Prithvi Narayan Shah unified all small principalities of Nepal, the double-pennon flag was adopted. In modern times, the flag's symbolism has evolved to incorporate several meanings. The crimson red indicates the bravery of Nepali people and is the country's national colour and the blue border represents peace and harmony. The triangular shape of the pennons represent the Himalayas.
The inclusion of the celestial bodies indicates Nepal's permanence, and the hope that Nepal will enjoy the same longevity as the Sun and the Moon. Additionaly, the stylised moon represents the calm demeanour and purity of spirit of the Nepali people, while the stylised sun represents their fierce resolve. Further, the moon also symbolises the cool weather of the Himalayas, whereas the sun symbolises the heat and the high temperature of the Nepali lowlands (Terai).
A precise description of the Nepalese national flag in the Constitution of the Kingdom of Nepal, Article 5, Schedule 1, adopted 9 November 1990.
and arises from the addition of the blue border after construction of the red field. The bounding rectangle of the red field alone has the rational aspect ratio 3:4 (=1:1.333…).
Flag of Mustang
The shape of the flag of Nepal is difficult to reproduce, and is often is used incorrectly. These typically have a white area to make the flag a 3:2 ratio, an example is the Nepalese Flag used at the 2016 Summer Olympics.
- "Nepal - Constitution - Schedules: Schedule 1 (Relating to Article 5)". International Constitutional Law, University of Bern. 1990-11-09.
- "Calculation of the aspect ratio of the national flag of Nepal (Berechnung des Seitenverhältnisses der Nationalfahne von Nepal)". 2012-06-08. Retrieved 2016-08-11.
- "Sloane's A230582 : Decimal expansion of the ratio of height to width of the bounding rectangle of the national flag of Nepal, as defined in Schedule 1 of Article 5 of its Constitution". The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences. OEIS Foundation.
- "Closing Ceremony, 2016, Olympic Ceremonies - BBC Sport". BBC. Retrieved 21 December 2017.
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