Flags of New York City

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City of New York
Flag of New York, NY (1977–present). Variant including the Latin inscription shown.
Adopted April 6, 1915
(modified December 30, 1977)
The flag unfurled and fluttering, mounted on a city park yardarm.

The flags of New York City include the flag of New York City, the respective flags of the boroughs of The Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens, and Staten Island, and flags of certain city departments. The city flag is a vertical tricolor in blue, white, and orange and charged in the center bar with the Seal of New York City in blue. The tricolor design is derived from the flag of the Dutch Republic—the Prince's Flag—as used in New Amsterdam in 1625.

History[edit]

Unofficial flag featuring the old seal, replaced by the 1915 flag.

For the first few hundred years of its existence, the City of New York lacked an official flag and seal.[1] By the end of the 19th century, the city was flying an unofficial flag featuring a round blue seal on a white field.

In 1914, to commemorate the 250th anniversary of the installation of the first mayor under English rule, the City Art Commission appointed a blue-ribbon committee to create the city's first official seal and flag. The committee consulted with the New-York Historical Society to study historical seals used by city government under the Dutch and English, to incorporate their symbolism into the new city seal and flag.[1][2]

The Committee described their proposed flag this way:[1]

In our flag, the colors are Dutch, the arms are English, the crest is distinctively American, but the flag as such is the flag of the City, which has grown from these beginnings to be the home of all nations, the great cosmopolitan city of the world, the City of New York. — Committee of the Art Commission Associates, Seal and Flag of the City of New York, p. 84

The flag was approved on April 6, 1915 and first unveiled to the public on June 24.[3]

The current design dates from December 30, 1977, when the seal was subtly modified. The date was changed from 1664 (when the Kingdom of England took possession) to 1625. The change was proposed by the Irish-born Paul O'Dwyer, president of the City Council, to emphasize the Dutch contributions to the city's history and downplay the British legacy. The choice of date was controversial at the time; an aide to First Deputy Mayor James A. Cavanagh concluded: "In researching the validity of this proposal, I find no basis for 1625 as the founding date." An aide to then-Mayor Abe Beame suggested that 1624 would be a more accurate date, as that was when the city was actually chartered as a legal Dutch entity. Author Edwin G. Burrows had another perspective on the debate, saying "You have to wonder if they didn’t pick either 1626 or 1625 just to beat Boston, settled in 1630." Nonetheless, the mayor signed O'Dwyer's legislation.[4]

Design[edit]

The city's first official flag, 1915.

Section 2-103 of the New York City Administrative Code ("Official city flag") establishes the design as follows: A flag combining the colors orange, white and blue arranged in perpendicular bars of equal dimensions (the blue being nearest to the flagstaff) with the standard design of the seal of the city in blue upon the middle, or white bar, omitting the legend "Sigillum Civitatis Novi Eboraci," which colors shall be the same as those of the flag of the United Netherlands in use in the year sixteen hundred twenty-five.[5]

Colors[edit]

The blue, white and orange refer to the colors of the historical Dutch flag. Orange is the color the Dutch adopted after their leader William of Orange. The Committee's report stated that "the order of arrangement follows the practice found in the French, Belgian and other tri-colors, of placing the darkest bar next to the staff."[1]

The New-York Historical Society originally proposed adopting a horizontal tricolor to be more reflective of the historical Dutch flags, but the Committee kept the vertical orientation.[2]

Symbolism[edit]

  • Bald eagle: The symbol of the United States of America
  • Native American: The original inhabitants of the area
  • Seaman: Symbolizes the colonizers of the area
  • Beaver: Symbolizes the Dutch West India Company, which was the first company in New York (originally known as Nieuw Amsterdam). Also the official animal of New York State.
  • Windmill: Remembers the Dutch history of the city and the prosperous industry of milling flour.
  • Flour barrels: In the 17th century, New York had been granted a short-lived monopoly on milling, which established the fledgling colony as a commercial powerhouse
  • 1625: Originally 1664, the year was later changed to honor the establishment of New Amsterdam, which was actually settled in 1624. The 1625 date has been described as "arbitrary" by the public historian at the New-York Historical Society and "simply wrong" by Michael Miscione, the Manhattan borough historian.[4]

Inconsistency[edit]

Although the City Code states that the seal's Latin legend is to be omitted from the flag,[5] the city's own webpage shows a flag with the motto intact.[6]

Use[edit]

The flag is sometimes, but rarely, flown without the seal at the center, making it a simple blue, white, and orange tricolor.[citation needed]

The flag is flown frequently throughout the city. It is always flown at city-owned buildings such as New York City Hall, as well as buildings occupied by city departments or institutions,[5] and it is also flown in city parks.[7]

New York City FC, representing the city in Major League Soccer, adopted the blue, white and orange of the flag as team colors.[8] In 2017, NYCFC added the tricolor city flag to its jersey, substituting its own "NYC" monogram in place of the seal.[9]

Mayoral flag[edit]

Standard of the Mayor of New York City

The office of the Mayor of New York City has its own official variant, to which is added an arc of five five-pointed stars (representing each of the five boroughs) in blue above the seal. The dimensions of the Mayor's flag are set at 33 inches by 44 inches.[6]

Councilmanic flag[edit]

Standard of the New York City Council

The New York City Council uses a variant of the city flag, with the word "COUNCIL" underneath the seal.[6]

Boroughs[edit]

Currently, only Brooklyn and the Bronx have official borough flags. The other three boroughs have standard designs in current use, though they have never been officially adopted. Staten Island borough lawmakers pushed to have their flag officially recognized by the state in the 1990s and early 2000s but were unsuccessful.[10]

The Bronx[edit]

the Bronx

The design of the flag of the Bronx consists of a horizontal tricolor. The top band is orange, the middle band is white, and the band at the bottom is blue, mimicking the historical Dutch tricolor. In the center of the flag is a laurel wreath denoting honor and fame. The wreath encircles the Bronck family arms. The shield of the family arms shows the face of the sun with rays displayed rising from the sea, signifying peace, liberty, and commerce. The crest of the arms is an eagle facing eastward and with its wings expanded, representing "the hope of the New World while not forgetting the Old." The text underneath the shield is also the motto of the borough, and reads "ne cede malis," which is a Latin phrase meaning "Yield not to evil".[11]

The Bronx flag was first recommended for adoption in March 1912, by then-Borough President Cyrus C. Miller.

Brooklyn[edit]

Brooklyn

The flag of Brooklyn has a white background with a seal at the center. Within the seal is a young robed woman set on a background of light blue, and bearing fasces, a traditional emblem of unity. Encircling that image is a ring of dark blue and the Old Dutch phrase "Een Draght Maekt Maght" (modern Dutch: "Eendracht maakt macht") which translates into English as "Unity makes strength". Also in the darker ring are the words "Borough of Brooklyn". The outside and inside trim of the seal are gold-colored. The primary colors of the seal reflect the recognized colors of the borough, blue and gold.

Manhattan[edit]

Manhattan

The Borough of Manhattan official flag is very similar to the New York City flag. The only difference from the City flag is the use of the seal of the Borough in place of the City Seal. The seal is similar to the city's, but circular in shape. It has two stars below and is encircled by the inscription "BOROUGH OF MANHATTAN" NOVEMBER 1, 1683. The date at the bottom is the date on which the Province of New York was divided into twelve counties by New York Governor Thomas Dongan, and it was created the New York County (Manhattan) with the same border in use today. Previously the Borough used the same flag but with the encircling inscription "The President of the Borough of Manhattan" "NYC" to represent the institution in official occasions.

Queens[edit]

Queens

The flag of Queens contains three horizontal bands, with the top and bottom being sky blue, and the middle white. These colors represent the arms of the first Dutch Governor Willem Kieft. At its center is a design consisting of a ring of wampum, a tulip, and a rose. At the top-left of the flag is a crown, the words 'Qveens Borovgh' emblazoned in gold, and 1898, the year the five boroughs were consolidated.[11]

The symbols on the flag's design represent the borough's collective heritage with the wampum paying homage to the Lenape natives who formerly called the land 'Seawanhaka' (a word meaning "island of sea shells") in reference to it being a place where they would collect clams and whelks used to make these beads. The tulip shown on the flag represents the Dutch, who were early settlers of the area. The red and white rose is a Tudor rose, a traditional symbol of England and the English monarchy. The queen's crown signifies the namesake of the borough, which was named in honor of Catherine of Braganza, Queen Consort of England in 1683, when New York's original twelve counties (of which Queens was one) were established.[12]

The Queens flag was adopted on June 3, 1913, and first displayed four days later at a celebration marking the beginning of construction on the borough's dual rapid transit system.[12]

Staten Island[edit]

Staten Island

The flag of Staten Island was adopted in 2002 and consists of elements designed for a contest held in 1971. The contest was held by Staten Island's Borough President Robert T. Connor. The flag has flown over the Staten Island Advance and Chamber of Commerce buildings, and is on display in City Hall and Staten Island Borough Hall. The flag has a white background with an oval in the center. Within the oval is a blue sky and two white seagulls. The green outline represents the countryside, and the white shape represents the cityscape, denoting the residential areas of Staten Island. In the center of the oval are the words "Staten Island" in gold. Under the name are five wavy blue lines to symbolize the water bodies surrounding the island. The previous borough flag for Staten Island, adopted the same time as the flags of Brooklyn, Queens, and the Bronx, was a navy blue flag with an orange seal in the center, containing two waterfowl and the text "Richmond Borough 1663 1898 S New York". This was the official borough flag for Staten Island, and reflected its previous official name of "Richmond".

Proposed Staten Island flag

The flag of Staten Island has been criticized by Borough President James Oddo, who told the Staten Island Advance that the current flag "looks like the Fresh Kills Landfill. The bird looks like a seagull, the mountain looks like a garbage pile."[10]

In March 2016, Oddo moved to replace the emblem at the center of the flag with that of the borough's seal, which features an allegoric female figure standing on the borough and looking out onto the Narrows, where Henry Hudson's ship "The Half Moon" and a smaller boat sail. At the time, he said that he had not decided if they'll try to make the new flag official, like the flags of Brooklyn and the Bronx.[10]

City Departments[edit]

Police Department[edit]

Police Department

The flag of the New York City Police Department was adopted in 1919.

It has twenty-four stars on a blue field, representing the original towns and villages that now comprise the city. Five green and white stripes represent the five boroughs.

Officers killed in the line of duty have the police department flag draped over their caskets.[13]

Fire Department[edit]

Fire Department

The flag of the Fire Department of the City of New York has five red and white stripes, representing the five boroughs. The canton features a Maltese cross with the city seal in the center, surrounded by a hook, ladder, fire hydrant and the letters "F.D.N.Y.".

Fire Department variant coffin flag

The Fire Department uses a variant flag, in a vertical orientation with the Maltese Cross turned on its side and gold fringe, draped over the caskets of fallen department members.[14]

Department of Correction[edit]

Department of Correction

The flag of the Department of Correction was adopted in 1998, upon the centennial of the consolidation of New York City. It features sixteen blue and white stripes, the same number of major facilities administered by the department at that time. On an orange canton sits the Seal of the City of New York in gold, surrounded by five stars for the five boroughs and the year "1895", when the department was created.[15]

Parks and Recreation[edit]

Parks Department

The flag of the Parks Department features the department's leaf logo in green against a white field.[16]

The Parks Department flag is flown on a yardarm over every park in New York City, alongside the city flag and beneath the flag of the United States of America.[7] These yardarms were controversial when first introduced in 1997, partly because they were considered by some to be inappropriate outside of a nautical context and partly because it was seen by the former president of the city's Art Commission as over-reaching on the part of Parks Commissioner Henry Stern.[17][18]

Sheriff[edit]

Sheriff's Office

The flag of the New York City Sheriff's Office flag features a navy blue field, on which is the city's seal in blue against an oblong white background outlined in gold and red. The words "SHERIFF'S OFFICE" and "CITY OF NEW YORK" are set in gold horizontal text above and below the seal, respectively.[19]

Sanitation[edit]

Department of Sanitation

The New York City Department of Sanitation flag features the department's symbol - a caduceus with the letter "S" superimposed upon it - against a blue field, surrounded by the words "THE CITY OF NEW YORK" and "DEPARTMENT OF SANITATION" in gold.[20][21]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Pine, John B. (1915). Seal and Flag of the City of New York : Authorized by the Committee Appointed by the Mayor to Commemorate the Two Hundred and Fiftieth Anniversary of the Installation of the First Mayor and Board of Aldermen of the City of New York on June 24, 1665, and the Adoption of the Official City Flag on June 24, 1915 (PDF). New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons. Retrieved 21 December 2016. 
  2. ^ a b "Of Seals and Rampant Beavers: New York City's Flag on its 100th Birthday". New-York Historical Society. Retrieved 21 December 2016. 
  3. ^ Roberts, Sam. "New York City's Flag, Centuries in the Making, Turns 100". The New York Times. Retrieved 21 December 2016. 
  4. ^ a b Roberts, Sam. "New York's Birth Date: Don't Go by City's Seal". The New York Times. Retrieved 21 December 2016. 
  5. ^ a b c "New York City Administrative Code". amlegal.com. American Legal Publishing Corporation. Retrieved 21 December 2016. 
  6. ^ a b c "NYC Green Book Highlights - City Seal and Flag". NYC Citywide Administrative Services. Retrieved 21 December 2016. 
  7. ^ a b Michele H. Bogart (15 November 2006). The Politics of Urban Beauty: New York and Its Art Commission. University of Chicago Press. pp. 236–. ISBN 978-0-226-06305-8. 
  8. ^ "New York City FC reveal subway token-inspired badge with heavy NYC influence". mlssoccer.com. Major League Soccer. Retrieved 14 February 2017. 
  9. ^ "New York City FC Reveals New 2017 Home Uniform". NYCFC.com. New York City Football Club. Retrieved 14 February 2017. 
  10. ^ a b c Sanders, Anna. "Staten Island 'landfill' flag gets dumped by new vision". silive.com. Staten Island Advance. Retrieved 3 January 2017. 
  11. ^ a b "Eighteenth Annual Report, 1913, of the American Scenic and Historic Preservation Society to the Legislature of the State of New York". Archive.org. Retrieved 3 January 2017. 
  12. ^ a b Fernandes, Nicholas. "Queens Flag And Its Origin". Queens Gazette. Retrieved 3 January 2017. 
  13. ^ Balsamo, Mike. "Fellow officers salute NYC cop's flag-draped casket". The Washington Post. Retrieved 6 December 2016. 
  14. ^ "'He Was A Hero': Thousands Mourn FDNY Deputy Chief Michael Fahy At Funeral". CBS New York. Retrieved 20 December 2016. 
  15. ^ "The Correction Flag". correctionhistory.org. New York Correction History Society. Retrieved 8 December 2016. 
  16. ^ "The Parks Department flag arrives". nycgovparks.org. NYC Parks. Retrieved 8 December 2016. 
  17. ^ Wong, Edward. "Foes Object to Seagoing Flagpoles at Landlocked Parks". The New York Times. Retrieved 8 December 2016. 
  18. ^ Kuntzman, Gersh. "SHE'S UP IN YARDARMS OVER 3-BANNER FLAGPOLES". The New York Post. Retrieved 8 December 2016. 
  19. ^ Boller, Annie. "2015 NYC Deputy Sheriff Academy Graduation". YouTube. Retrieved 4 January 2017. 
  20. ^ "NYC Department of Sanitation, New York (U.S.)". crwflags.com. Retrieved 21 December 2016. 
  21. ^ "Sanitation Promotes New Four-Star Chief of Waste Disposal, Three-Star Chief of Cleaning Operations and Three-Star Chief of Bureau Operations". Department of Sanitation. Retrieved 21 December 2016. 

Further reading[edit]

  • CRW Flags - information regarding NYC flags

External links[edit]