Flag of Nigeria

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Federal Republic of Nigeria
Flag of Nigeria.svg
UseNational flag
Adopted1 October 1960; 61 years ago (1960-10-01)
DesignA vertical bicolour triband of green, white and green
Designed byMichael Taiwo Akinkunmi
Flag of Nigeria (state).svg
UseState flag
DesignA vertical bicolour triband of a green, white and green; charged with the coat of arms in the centre
Civil Ensign of Nigeria.svg
UseCivil ensign
DesignA red field with the national flag, in the canton
Government Ensign of Nigeria.svg
UseState ensign
DesignA blue field with the national flag, in the canton
Naval Ensign of Nigeria.svg
UseNaval ensign
DesignA red field with the national flag in the canton, with the Naval seal in the fly.
Air Force Ensign of Nigeria.svg
UseAir force ensign
DesignA sky-blue field with the national flag in the canton, with the air force roundel in the fly.
Flag at the Nigerian embassy, Washington, DC

The flag of Federal Republic of Nigeria was designed in 1959 and first officially hoisted on 1 October 1960. The flag has three vertical bands of green, white, green. The two green stripes represent natural wealth, and the white represents peace and unity.


The flag is an adaptation of the winning entry from Michael Taiwo Akinkunmi in a competition held in 1959. Akinkunmi was a 23-year-old student at the time he designed the flag. He was studying at Norwood Technical College in London, England, when he saw an advertisement in a newspaper that submissions were being accepted for the design of a new national flag of Nigeria. The original submission had a red radiating sun badge in the central white vertical band with a green vertical band on each side. After the badge was removed by the judges, the flag has remained unchanged. It was first officially used on 1 October 1960, the day Nigeria was granted independence from the United Kingdom.[1]

Nigeria has special ensigns for civil and naval vessels. Some of its states also have flags.[2]

Colour specifications[edit]

Colour scheme Green White
Signal white
Hexadecimals #008753 #FFFFFF
Decimals 0,135,83 255,255,255

Other flags[edit]

Historical flags[edit]

Subnational flags[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-07-14. Retrieved 2014-06-30.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ Nigeria: One Nation, Many Flags

External links[edit]