Flag of Nigeria

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Nigeria
Flag of Nigeria.svg
Use National flag
Proportion 1:2
Adopted 1 October 1960
Design A vertical bicolour triband of green, white and green
Designed by Micheal Taiwo Akinkunmi
Flag of Nigeria (state).svg
Variant flag of Nigeria
Use State flag
Proportion 1:2
Design A vertical bicolour triband of a green, white and green; charged with the coat of arms in the centre
Civil Ensign of Nigeria.svg
Variant flag of Nigeria
Use Civil ensign
Proportion 1:2
Design A red field with the national flag, in the canton
Government Ensign of Nigeria.svg
Variant flag of Nigeria
Use State ensign
Proportion 1:2
Design A blue field with the national flag, in the canton
Naval Ensign of Nigeria.svg
Variant flag of Nigeria
Use Naval ensign
Proportion 1:2
Design A white field with the national flag in the canton, with the Naval seal in the fly.
Air Force Ensign of Nigeria.svg
Variant flag of Nigeria
Use Air force ensign
Proportion 1:2
Design A sky-blue field with the national flag in the canton, with the air force roundel in the fly.

The flag of Nigeria was designed in 1959 and first officially hoisted on 1 October 1960. The flag has three vertical bands of green, white, green. The two green stripes represent Nigeria’s natural wealth, while the white band represents peace.

Design[edit]

The flag is an adaptation of the winning entry from Michael Taiwo Akinkunmi in a competition held in 1959. Akinkunmi was a 23-year-old student at the time he designed the flag. He was studying at Norwich Technical College in London, England, when he saw an advertisement in a newspaper that submissions were being accepted for the design of a new national flag of Nigeria. The original submission had a red radiating sun badge in the central white vertical band with a green vertical band on each side. After the badge was removed by the judges, the flag has remained unchanged. It was first officially used on 1 October 1960, the day Nigeria was granted independence from the United Kingdom.[1]

Like other countries, Nigeria has special ensigns for civil and naval vessels. Some of its states also have flags.[2]

Colour specifications[edit]

Colour scheme Green White
RAL
None
9003
Signal white
CMYK 100.0.39.47 0.0.0.0
Hexadecimals #008753 #FFFFFF
Decimals 0,135,83 255,255,255

Government flags[edit]

Flag of the President of Nigeria
Flag of the President of Nigeria
Flag of the President as Commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces
Flag of the President as Commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces
Former flag of the President, adopted in 1963
Former flag of the President, adopted in 1963
Flag of the Nigerian Defence Forces
Flag of the Nigerian Defence Forces
Naval ensign of Nigeria (1960—98)
Naval ensign of Nigeria (1960—98)
Akinkunmi's original proposal
Akinkunmi's original proposal

Historical flags[edit]

Flag of the Royal Niger Company (1887—88)
Flag of the Royal Niger Company (1887—88)
Flag of the Royal Niger Company (1888—99)
Flag of the Royal Niger Company (1888—99)
Flag of the British West African Settlements
Flag of the British West African Settlements
Flag of the Lagos Colony (1886—1906)
Flag of the Lagos Colony (1886—1906)
Flag of the Oil Rivers Protectorate
Flag of the Oil Rivers Protectorate
Flag of the Niger Coast Protectorate
Flag of the Niger Coast Protectorate
Flag of the Northern Nigeria Protectorate (1900—14)
Flag of the Northern Nigeria Protectorate (1900—14)
Flag of the Southern Nigeria Protectorate (1900—14)
Flag of the Southern Nigeria Protectorate (1900—14)
Flag of the Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria (1914—60)
Flag of the Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria (1914—60)

Subnational flags[edit]

Flag of Osun State
Flag of Osun State

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-07-14. Retrieved 2014-06-30.
  2. ^ Nigeria: One Nation, Many Flags

External links[edit]