Flag of Novorossiya

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Novorossiya
War Flag of Novorussia.svg
Use National flag
Proportion 2:3
Adopted 31 May 2014[1]
Flag of Novorussia.svg
Variant flag
Use National flag
Proportion 2:3
Adopted 13 August 2014 (Proposed)
Designed by The horizontal tricolour of white, golden yellow and black colour. It looks like a upside-down Romanov flag, the flag used by the Russian Empire from 1858 to 1883 for "celebrations".
War Flag of Novorussia (Variant).svg
Variant flag
Use War flag
Proportion 2:3
Adopted 31 May 2014 (As national flag)
13 August 2014 (As battle flag)

The blue-red proposed flag of the self-proclaimed confederation of Novorossiya (or New Russia) is a variant of the battle flag which was adopted on 24 May 2014, with the addition of the coat of arms.

A white-yellow-black tricolor was presented on 13 August 2014 by Oleg Tsarev as a potential state flag.[2][3] This resembled an upside-down Romanov flag, which was the national flag of the Russian Empire from 1858 to 1883.

Novorossiyia is an unrecognised confederation of the Donetsk and Luhansk People's Republics, claiming the territory of the respective Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts in the Donbass region of eastern Ukraine. On 20 May 2015 the leadership of the Federal State of Novorossiya announced the 'freezing' of the confederation 'project'.[4]

Battle flag[edit]

The battle flag appears to be based on the naval jack of the Russian Federation. Aleksandr Chalenko, who worked as a political journalist in Kiev, described the flag and explained its symbolism in an item published by Izvestia on 20 March 2014:

"It's a red flag with a blue Saint Andrew's cross. The flag of the Russian Navy. Of the Navy, which played a prominent military role in the emergence and establishment of the historical Novorossiya."[5]

The flag bears a strong, striking resemblance to that of the Confederate States of America's navy jack and battle flag.[6][7] However, Pavliv explains that he had simply stumbled upon the flag online somewhere, and that the leader of the New Russia Party, Pavel Gubarev, later picked it up.[8] Gubarev has since stated that the inspiration for the flag came from "banners used by Cossacks who reclaimed the New Russian territories from Tatars and Turks for Russia in the 18th century"; however, according to Alexey Eremenko of the Moscow Times, no Cossacks ever used a flag resembling the one chosen.[8]

On 15 May 2014 the Russian on-line newspaper Vzglyad noted that the then Governor of the Donetsk People's Republic, Pavel Gubarev, had announced the start of voting for a flag of the proposed state of Novorossiya.[9] As of 11 July  2014 the Novorossiya website invited its readers to vote for one of eleven proposed flag designs for New Russia – with Option 1 the red-blue Saint Andrew's saltire.[10]

Following the proposition of the white-yellow-black tricolour as the national flag, the saltire was then adopted as the battle flag of the republic,[11] while a variant with the coat of arms is in use as de facto national flag since.

Flags of separatist movements in Ukraine[edit]

State flag[edit]

Each of the member states of the Novorossiya confederation also has a national flag of its own. Both sport pan-Slavic colours and bear resemblances to the flags of Russia, Slovakia and Slovenia.

Donetsk People's Republic[edit]

The flag of the Donetsk People's Republic claims to be based on the flag of Donetsk–Krivoy Rog Soviet Republic. The black is commonly thought[by whom?] to represent the Black Sea or the coal industry in the Donbass region. The red is thought to represent freedom and the blue is thought to represent water. However, there is no proof that such flag was used by the original republic, which used the red flag as symbol. The flag also features the coat of arms of the republic in the centre. The flag carries the words "Donetsk People's Republic" (Донецкая Народная Республика) in Russian. The previous flag of the Donetsk People Republic was identical to the flag of the Donetsk Republic but did not feature the words "Donetsk Republic" (Донецкая Республика). The flag used by the Donetsk Republic organisation is nearly identical, but features the words "Donetsk Republic" (Донецкая Республика) in Russian. This flag appears to be more prominently used than that of the state, even appearing on ballot boxes.[12]

Luhansk People's Republic[edit]

Not much is known[by whom?] about the flags of the Luhansk People's Republic. The first flag featured a similar design to the flag used by the Donetsk People's Republic, the main differences being that the top stripe was light blue or cyan instead of black, it featured a different coat of arms, and it contained the words "Lugansk Republic" (Луганская Республика) in Russian. The second was adopted at some point in October, with an abbreviation of the state's local name replacing the aforementioned text. On November 2, 2014 the Republic adopted a new flag that resembled the previous flags but lacked the coat of arms and had a brighter red stripe.

Pro-Russian separatist movements in Ukraine[edit]

Flags of pro-Russian separatist movement in Ukrainian regions that were created during the Russian military intervention in Ukraine (2014–present):

Similarity with "Dixie flag"[edit]

The flag has a marked resemblance to the flag of the Confederate States of America's navy jack and battle flag, but without the stars of the "Dixie flag".[27][7][28] However, the leader of the New Russia Party, Pavel Gubarev, has stated that the inspiration for the flag came from banners used by Cossacks in the 18th century.[8]

The Confederate flag, including the stars, has been widely used by right-wing political activists in Europe, many with separatist inclinations. Ion Ukraine it has been reported used both by far-right pro-Kiev groups and by separatists.[29]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Политические партии Украины (vexillographia.ru)
  2. ^ Lenta.ru: Tsarev presented the new flag of Novorossiya
  3. ^ LifeNews: Oleg Tsarev presented the new flag of Novorossiya
  4. ^ Russian-backed 'Novorossiya' breakaway movement collapses, Ukraine Today (20 May 2015
    (in Russian) The "New Russia" is closed, Gazeta.ru (20 May 2015
  5. ^ Chalenko, Aleksandr (2014-03-20). "Что такое Новороссия?" [What is Novorossiya?]. Izvestia. Gazeta Izvestia. Retrieved 2014-07-10. Это красный флаг с синим Андреевским крестом. Флаг российского флота. Флота, который сыграл выдающуюся военную роль в деле появления и утверждения исторической Новороссии. [It's a red flag with a blue Saint Andrew's cross. The flag of the Russian Navy. Of the Navy, which played a prominent military role in the emergence and establishment of the historical Novorossiya.] 
  6. ^ Babiak, Mat (22 May 2014). "Welcome to New Russia". Ukrainian Policy. Retrieved 26 May 2014. 
  7. ^ a b "Ukraine News One: 'Novorossiya' flag appears uncannily like 'Dixie' (VIDEO)". kyivpost.com. Retrieved 15 June 2014. 
  8. ^ a b c Eremenko, Alexey (9 June 2014). "Ukrainian Rebels Channel U.S. Confederates". The Moscow Times. 
  9. ^ Жителям юго-востока Украины предложили выбрать флаг Новороссии [The inhabitants of the south-east of Ukraine are invited to choose a flag for Novorossiya]. Vzglyad (in Russian). Деловая газета «Взгляд». 2014-05-15. Retrieved 2014-07-11. Народный губернатор Донбасса Павел Губарев объявил о начале голосования за флаг Новороссии – государства, которое планируется создать, объединив юго-восточные земли Украины. [...] На сайте информационно-аналитического портала «Новороссия» представлены 11 вариантов будущего флага государства. [The People's Governor of the Donbas, Pavel Gubarev, announced the start of voting for a flag for Novorossiya, a state planned to be founded which would unite the south-eastern area of Ukraine. [...] The website of the informational-analytical portal 'Novorossiya' presents 11 variants of the future flag of the state.] 
  10. ^ "Let's select a flag for Novorossiya" (in Russian). Информационное агентство "Новороссия". 2014. Retrieved 2014-07-11. Предлагаем вам выбрать флаг Новороссии — независимой территории юго-востока бывшей Украины. [We invite you to choose a flag for Novorossiya - the independent territory of the south-east of the former Ukraine.] 
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-08-14. Retrieved 2014-08-13. 
  12. ^ "Incumbent Donbass leaders Zakharchenko and Plotnitsky win elections - final results". RT. November 2, 2014. 
  13. ^ "/". 
  14. ^ "/". 
  15. ^ "Symbolism of the Donetsk People's Republic". openDemocracy. 
  16. ^ "Donetsk County (Ukraine)". 
  17. ^ http://lug-info.com/documents/one/4
  18. ^ "Официальный сайт Луганской Народной Республики". Archived from the original on 2014-11-03. 
  19. ^ "В Луганске вновь зажжен Вечный огонь". Lugansk Online. October 31, 2014. Archived from the original on November 3, 2014. 
  20. ^ "Donbass election day ushers in 'the real ceasefire'". RT. November 3, 2014. 
  21. ^ "Luhans'k County (Ukraine)". 
  22. ^ "Ukraine: Lugansk People's Republic leader steps down". YouTube. 
  23. ^ http://novorossia.su/ru/node/4049
  24. ^ "'Luhansk People's Republic' announces total mobilization". KyivPost. July 24, 2014. Retrieved July 25, 2014. 
  25. ^ a b "Молодая Евразия - Юрий Кофнер: К освобождению Харьковской Народной Республики". 
  26. ^ "In Kharkiv and Lugansk elected "people's governors"". 
  27. ^ Babiak, Mat (22 May 2014). "Welcome to New Russia". Ukrainian Policy. Retrieved 26 May 2014. 
  28. ^ "Ukrainian Rebels Channel U.S. Confederates". The Moscow Times. June 4, 2014. Retrieved January 26, 2018. 
  29. ^ Mathias, Christopher (July 14, 2017). "This Is Why You're Seeing The Confederate Flag Across Europe". huffingtonpost.com. The Huffington Post. Retrieved September 24, 2018. During the Ukraine-Russia conflict, both far-right pro-Kiev groups and pro-Moscow separatists have been seen using the flag, or an approximation of it. 

External links[edit]