Flag of Papua New Guinea

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Papua New Guinea
Flag of Papua New Guinea.svg
Use National flag, civil and state ensign
Proportion 3:4
Adopted 1 July 1971
Design Divided diagonally from the upper hoist-side corner to the lower fly-side corner: the upper triangle is red with the soaring Raggiana Bird of Paradise and the lower triangle is black with the Southern Cross of four white larger five-pointed stars and the smaller star.
Naval Ensign of Papua New Guinea.svg
Variant flag of Papua New Guinea
Use Naval ensign
Proportion 3:4
Adopted 1 July 1971
Design A white flag with the national flag of Papua New Guinea in the canton

The flag of Papua New Guinea was adopted on 1 July 1971. In the hoist, it depicts the Southern Cross; in the fly, a raggiana bird-of-paradise is silhouetted. The designer of the flag was 15-year-old schoolgirl Susan Karike, now Mrs Susan Huhume,[1] who won a nationwide competition for a new flag design in 1971.

Red and black have long been traditional colors of many Papua New Guinean tribes. Black-white-red was the color of the German Empire flag, which had colonized New Guinea prior to 1918. The bird-of-paradise is also found on the national coat-of-arms.

Prior to independence, the Australian Trust Territory of Papua and New Guinea used a vertical tricolor flag with blue, yellow and green bands, along with the bird of paradise and southern cross. Designed by a Mr. Holman, it was referred to as the Pagini.[2] It had a mainly negative reception, due to its appearance as that of a "mechanically contrived outcome", thus the alternate proposal by Susan Karike was chosen instead. The blue was said to represent the sea and islands of New Guinea, the Southern Cross was a guide for the travelling peoples, the gold represented the coastlines, mineral wealth, and unity, and the green represented the forested highlands and mainland, with the Bird of Paradise representing the unification under one nation.[3]

The Southern Cross shows that it is a country in the Southern Hemisphere and can be seen in Papua New Guinea.


Historical flags of Papua New Guinea[edit]

Flag of German New Guinea, 1899-1914
Flag of German New Guinea, 1899-1914
Flag of the German Empire in New Guinea, 1899-1914
Flag of the German Empire in New Guinea, 1899-1914
Flag of the Australian/British Territory of Papua, 1906-1949
Flag of the Australian/British Territory of Papua, 1906-1949
Flag of the Australian/British Territory of New Guinea, 1914-1949, and of the Territory of Papua and New Guinea, 1949-1965
Flag of the Australian/British Territory of New Guinea, 1914-1949, and of the Territory of Papua and New Guinea, 1949-1965
Flag of the Australian(/British) Trust Territory of Papua and New Guinea, 1965-1970
Flag of the Australian(/British) Trust Territory of Papua and New Guinea, 1965-1970
Flag of the Australian(/British) Trust Territory of Papua and New Guinea, 1970-1971
Flag of the Australian(/British) Trust Territory of Papua and New Guinea, 1970-1971

References[edit]

  1. ^ www.pngbd.com
  2. ^ Littler, Geoff. "The Papua New Guinea Crest and Flag". PNGAA. Retrieved February 20, 2016. 
  3. ^ "Papua and New Guinea 1970-1971 (Australia) Australian Trust Territory of Papua and New Guinea". FOTW Flags of the World. Retrieved February 20, 2016.