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Flag of Turkey

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Flag of Turkey
UseNational flag and ensign Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flagSmall vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flagReverse side is mirror image of obverse side
Adopted1844 (Ottoman flag)
29 May 1936 (standardized)
DesignA red field charged with a white star and crescent slightly left-of-center.[1]

The national flag of Turkey, officially the Turkish flag[2] (Turkish: Türk bayrağı), is a red flag featuring a white star and crescent from its emblem which was the prominent symbol of the Ottoman Empire, and in contemporary times used as a national symbol for some countries, and a recognized symbol of Islam however it does not exist as a religional mean in the Turkish flag.[3] The flag is often called "the red flag" (al bayrak), and is referred to as "the red banner" (al sancak) in the Turkish national anthem. The measures, geometric proportions, and exact tone of red of the flag of Turkey were legally standardized with the Turkish Flag Law on 29 May 1936.[1]


The star and crescent flag of the Ottoman Empire, a late 18th-century design officially adopted in 1844Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag

The star and crescent design appears on Ottoman flags beginning in the late 18th or early 19th century. The white star and crescent moon on red as the flag of the Ottoman Empire were introduced in 1844.[4]

After the declaration of the Republic of Turkey in 1923, the new administrative regime maintained the last flag of the Ottoman Empire. Proportional standardizations were introduced in the Turkish Flag Law of 1936.[1]

Legal basis[edit]

Fundamentals of the Turkish flag were laid down by Turkish Flag Law No. 2994 on 29 May 1936 during the Republic period of Turkey. Turkish Flag Regulation No. 2/7175 dated 28 July 1937, and Supplementary Regulation No. 11604/2 dated 29 July 1939, were enacted to describe how the flag law would be implemented. The Turkish Flag Law No. 2893 dated 22 September 1983, and Published in the Official Gazette on 24 September 1983, was promulgated six months after its publication. According to Article 9 of Law No. 2893, a statute including the fundamentals of the implementation was also published.

Usage in Republic of Cyprus[edit]

According to the Constitution of Cyprus, the community authorities and their institutions have the right to hoist the Turkish flag (as well as the Greek flag) alongside the flag of Cyprus during the holidays. Any citizen may, without any restriction, fly the Greek or Turkish flag, or both, next to the Cypriot flag at their residence or store.[5]

Usage in Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus[edit]

Northern Cyprus and Turkey flags are always flying side by side against each other.[6]

Article 5 of the Flag Law of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus states that "The Turkish Flag shall continue to be the national flag of the Turkish People of Cyprus".[2] According to the same article, the flag of Turkey can be flown from buildings of the Security Forces, by Government Departments, from the premises of public institutions and establishments and others with the flag of Northern Cyprus. Article 10 of the same law outlaws insults against the flag of Turkey and Article 11 punishes them if they were carried out on purpose.[7]



In an RGB colour space, the red colour of the Turkish flag is composed of 89% red, 3.9% green, and 9% blue (in hexadecimal colour code #E30A17). In a CMYK colour space, it is composed of 0% cyan, 95.6% magenta, 89.9% yellow and 11% black. It has a hue angle of 356.4 degrees, a saturation of 91.6%, and a lightness of 46.5%. The red colour on the Turkish flag is vivid red and this colour can be obtained by blending #FF142E with #C70000. The closest websafe colour is: #CC0000.

The colours approximation is listed below:

Red White
Pantone 2035 C White
RGB 227/10/23 255/255/255
Hexadecimal #E30A17 #FFFFFF
CMYK 0/96/90/11 0/0/0/0


The specification below, given by Turkish Flag Law, implies that the distance between (the left edge of) the inner circle of the crescent and a vertical line connecting the two pointed ends of the crescent is 279800 G = 0.34875 G; thus, the left point of the star intrudes about 0.0154 G beyond that line.

Construction sheet
Letter Measure Length
G Width
A Distance between the centre of the outer crescent and the seam of the white band 12 G
B Diameter of the circle around the star 14 G
C Distance between the centres of the inner and outer circles of the crescent 116 G
D Diameter of the inner circle of the crescent 25 G
E Distance between the inner circle of the crescent and the circle around the star 13 G
F Diameter of the outer circle of the crescent 12 G
L Length 1+12 G
M Width of the white hem at the hoist 130 G

Display and use[edit]

The Turkish Flag in vertical formatFlag can be hoisted vertically only
The National Cockade of Turkey

State institutions[edit]

The flag is always displayed prominently in state institutions from schools to ministries. The Beştepe Presidential Complex, Parliament, ministries, schools, military, councils, governors buildings, muhtar's offices, bridges, airports, and every state owned building in the country features one or more flags of Turkey.


On military uniforms the flag is displayed on a patch either on the right shoulder or on the front of the uniform. Helmets can display the flag too on the front or the sides. Flight suits, navy uniforms, Jandarma uniforms and others feature the flag on shoulder patches or helmets. Along with uniforms several emblems and patches display the flag with prominence or minor alteration.

Days of display[edit]

Turkey celebrates many national events such as battle victories and Republic Day. People come to the streets with their flags to celebrate such days. On other occasions the public uses the flag heavily when protesting or commemorating certain events or deaths respectively. Statues and monuments may be draped with the flag while marches and songs are played. On television screens the flag is displayed in celebration of such events too with the portrait of Atatürk next to it. The flag may also be presented at half staff in mourning of tragic events or important days.


The flag has a prominent display on state and military funerals. A burial flag is always draped over the deceased coffin and is carried by the military police or relatives of the deceased. Soldiers of all types and the Presidential Guard also carry the coffin at times. Many attendees also feature the flag on their lapels along with an image of the deceased.


See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Türk Bayrağı Kanunu" [Law on Turkish Flag] (PDF). Tbmm.gov.tr. Retrieved 12 December 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Turkish Flag".
  3. ^ "Turkish Flag". Retrieved 11 April 2024.
  4. ^ Raw, Laurence (2013-09-18). The Silk Road of Adaptation: Transformations across Disciplines and Cultures. Cambridge Scholars Publishing. p. 42. ISBN 9781443852890.
  5. ^ "Πρεσβεία της Κυπριακής Δημοκρατίας στην Αθήνα - Η Κύπρος".
  6. ^ "The North Cyprus Flag (TRNC Flag)". 28 May 2020.
  7. ^ "'KKTC ve Türk bayrağını asla ellettirmeyiz'".

External links[edit]