Flag of Uruguay
|The National Pavilion (Official)|
|Use||National flag and ensign|
|Adopted||18 December 1828 (First design) |
11 July 1830 (Modification)
|Design||Four horizontal stripes of blue with the upper hoist-side corner bearing the Sun of May in the centre over a white canvas.|
|Designed by||Joaquín Suárez|
|This article is part of a series on the|
|Culture of Uruguay|
The national flag of Uruguay (Spanish: Pabellón Nacional) is one of the three official flags of Uruguay along with the flag of Artigas and the flag of the Treinta y Tres. It has a field of nine equal horizontal stripes alternating white and blue. The canton is white, charged with the Sun of May, from which 16 rays extend, alternating between triangular and wavy. The flag was first adopted by law on 18 December 1828, and had 19 alternating stripes of white and blue until 11 July 1830, when a new law reduced the number of alternating stripes to nine. The flag was designed by Joaquín Suárez.
Symbolism and design
The horizontal stripes on the flag represent the nine original departments of Uruguay, based on the U.S. flag, where the stripes represent the original 13 colonies. The first flag designed in 1828 had 9 light blue stripes; this number was reduced to 4 in 1830 due to visibility problems from distance. The stripes of blue and white were inspired by the flag of Argentina, making the flag of Uruguay part of both the Stars and Stripes and Belgrano flag families.
The golden Sun of May represents the May Revolution of 1810; the Sun of May is a figurative sun that represents Inti, the sun god and mythological founder of the Incan Empire. It also appears in the Flag of Argentina and the Coat of Arms of Bolivia.
The specific color hues of the flag are not officially defined by law, however most representations use the following:
The National Pavilion shares its official status with two other flags, although it possesses a higher hierarchical position amongst them:
During Spanish rule:
Independence from Spain:
Flag of Cisplatina, under Portuguese/Brazilian rule between 1821 and 1825:
During the Great Siege of Montevideo (1843–1851) Uruguay had two parallel governments, with two different flags:
Flags of subdivisions
- "Flag of Uruguay". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on June 13, 2007. Retrieved June 27, 2007.
- Smith, Whitney. "Uruguay, flag of". Guide to Hispanic Heritage. Encyclopaedia Britannica. Archived from the original on December 1, 2011. Retrieved June 27, 2007.
- Znamierowski, Alfred (2013). The World Encyclopedia of Flags: The Definitive Guide to International Flags, Banners, Standards and Ensigns, with Over 1400 Illustration. Lorenz Books. p. 114. ISBN 978-0-7548-2629-3.