Flag of the Orange Order

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Orange Order
Flag of the Orange Order.svg
NameBoyne Standard, Orange Standard
Proportion2:3
DesignOrange flag with a cross of St George in canton defaced with a purple star

The Flag of the Orange Order, also known as the Boyne Standard[1] or the Orange Standard,[2] is the flag used by the Northern Irish Protestant fraternal organisation, the Orange Order. The flag consists of an orange background with a purple star and a Cross of Saint George in canton.[3]

History[edit]

The Orange Order was founded in 1795 to commemorate the Protestant King William III of England, Scotland and Ireland's victory in the Glorious Revolution against the Roman Catholic King James II. The flag was adopted shortly afterwards on the grounds that it was purportedly the flag that King William had used as his personal standard at the Battle of the Boyne.[4] In 1912, the Irish Unionist Party's Sir Edward Carson marched behind the flag of the Orange Order from Ulster Hall in leading people to publicly sign the Ulster Covenant at Belfast City Hall against the Irish Home Rule Bill.[5] The events were reenacted 100 years later in 2012 including a number of Northern Ireland's unionist political leaders.[6]

The flag is associated with Ulster loyalism.

The flag is used officially by the Orange Order and is also carried on Orange walks predominantly on The Twelfth of July.[7] It has also been used by Loyalist flute bands independent of the Orange Order when they are participating in Orange walks or other Loyalist order parades.[1] Usually the flying of the flag of the Orange Order is not prohibited during marches by the Parades Commission.[8] In past times, the flag was also waved by fans of the Scottish association football team Rangers at their club matches as their club has historical links with the Orange Order.[9] In 2007, the Orange Order adopted a new logo based upon the flag of the Orange Order. The new logo comprises an orange Luther rose with a purple star in the centre.[10] When referred to as the 'Orange Standard', the name of the flag is also shared with that of the official newspaper of the Grand Orange Lodge of Ireland.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Reily, Suzel (2016). The Oxford Handbook of Music and World Christianities. Oxford University Press. pp. 391–400. ISBN 019985999X.
  2. ^ "Bombing of Orange Order HQ in 1976 is recalled by those who fled for lives". Belfast Telegraph. Retrieved 31 May 2017.
  3. ^ Jess, Mervyn (2012). "A very public display". The Orange Order. O'Brien Press. ISBN 1847175112.
  4. ^ Gregory, Derek (2013). Violent Geographies: Fear, Terror, and Political Violence. Routledge. p. 9. ISBN 1135929068.
  5. ^ "About the Ulster Covenant". nidirect. Retrieved 31 May 2017.
  6. ^ "N Ireland's first minister at Ulster Covenant re-enactment". BBC News. Retrieved 31 May 2017.
  7. ^ "Its colours they are fine – all over the world". Belfast Telegraph. Retrieved 31 May 2017.
  8. ^ "Dervock Young Defenders banned from attending parade in Rasharkin". Causeway Coast News. Retrieved 31 May 2017.
  9. ^ Woods, Pat (2013). "Fans in the 50s". Oh, Hampden in the Sun... Random House. ISBN 1780578008.
  10. ^ "Turning a new shade of orange". Irish Times. 7 July 2007. Retrieved 31 May 2017.
  11. ^ "Order must admit real reason for decline in numbers". Irish Times. 21 July 2009. Retrieved 31 May 2017.