Flag of the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic

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Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic
Flag of the Turkmen SSR.svg
Use Historical
Proportion 1:2
Adopted August 1, 1953 (adopted)
September 26, 1973 (revised)
Design A plain red flag with a golden hammer and sickle and a gold-bordered red star in its upper canton with two blue bars in the middle of the flag.
Flag of Turkmen SSR (1956).svg
1953 to 1973
Proportion 1:2
Adopted August 1, 1953 (adopted)
May 16, 1956 (specified)
Flag-turkmen-ssr (reverse).svg
Reverse flag
Use Civil and state flag, civil and state ensign
Proportion 1:2

The flag of the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic was adopted by the Turkmen SSR on August 1, 1953. The two blue stripes represents the rivers Amu Darya and Syr Darya, the red represents the "revolutionary struggle of the working masses", the hammer and sickle represents the peasants' and workers' union, and the red star is the symbol of the communist party.


Prior to this, the flag was red with the Cyrillic characters ТССР (TSSR) in gold in the top-left corner, in a sans-serif font.

Between 1937 and the adoption of the above flag in the 1940s, the flag was the same, but with the characters in Latin characters (T.S.S.R.).

In the 1930s, the Turkmen flag was red with a large gold hammer and sickle in the top-left corner, similar to the flag of the Soviet Union.

On September 26, 1973, the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Turkmen SSR modified the regulation of the flag of Turkmen SSR. The position of the star and hammer and sickle was moved closer to the flag pole.[1]

Between independence in 1991 and adoption of the new flag in February 1992, this flag remained the national flag of independent Turkmenistan.

See also[edit]