Flag of the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic
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|Adopted||August 1, 1953 (adopted)
September 26, 1973 (revised)
|Design||A plain red flag with a golden hammer and sickle and a gold-bordered red star in its upper canton with two blue bars in the middle of the flag.|
Flag of the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic without the hammer and sickle. (Also used before 1992).
The flag of the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic was adopted by the Turkmen SSR on August 1, 1953. Although similar to the Flag of the Soviet Union, the design is identical to the flag of the Kirghiz SSR with a ratio of 1:2. The two blue stripes ( 1⁄3) between the red ( 1⁄20) represents the rivers Amu Darya and Syr Darya, the red represents the "revolutionary struggle of the working masses", the hammer and sickle represents the peasants' and workers' union, and the red star is the symbol of the communist party.
From 1937, the flag was red with the Cyrillic characters ТССР (TSSR) in gold in the top-left corner, in a sans-serif font.
From the 1940s, the flag was the same, but with the characters in Latin characters (T.S.S.R.).
On September 26, 1973, the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Turkmen SSR modified the regulation of the flag of Turkmen SSR. The position of the star and hammer and sickle was moved closer to the flag pole.
Between independence in 1991 and adoption of the new flag in February 1992, this flag remained the national flag of independent Turkmenistan.
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