Flag of the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic
The last flag of the Turkmen SSR was adopted by the Turkmen SSR on August 1, 1953.
Prior to this, the flag was red with the Cyrillic characters ТССР (TSSR) in gold in the top-left corner, in a sans-serif font.
Between 1937 and the adoption of the above flag in the 1940s, the flag was the same, but with the characters in Latin characters (T.S.S.R.).
In the 1930s, the Turkmen flag was red with a large gold hammer and sickle in the top-left corner, similar to the flag of the Soviet Union.
Between independence in 1991 and adoption of the new flag in February 1992, this flag remained the national flag of independent Turkmenistan.