List of United Kingdom flags

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County flags flying in Parliament Square, London

This list includes flags that either have been in use or are currently used by the United Kingdom, British Overseas Territories and the Crown Dependencies.

The College of Arms is the authority on the flying of flags in England, Wales and Northern Ireland and maintains the only official register of flags for these countries.[1] It was established in 1484 and as part of the Royal Household operates under the authority of the Crown.[1] The Lord Lyon King of Arms, established prior to 1399, holds a similar role within Scotland.[2] A separate private body called the Flag Institute, an educational charity financed by its own membership, also maintains a registry of United Kingdom flags that it styles 'the UK Flag Registry', though this has no official status under UK law.[3]

Flags recognised by planning law[edit]

Certain classes of flag enjoy a special status within English planning law and can be flown without needing the planning permission normally required for advertisements. These include any country’s national flag, civil ensign or civil air ensign; the flag of the Commonwealth, the United Nations or any other international organisation of which the United Kingdom is a member; a flag of any island, county, district, borough, burgh, parish, city, town or village within the United Kingdom; the flag of the Black Country, East Anglia, Wessex, any Part of Lincolnshire, any Riding of Yorkshire or any historic county within the United Kingdom; the flag of St David; the flag of St Patrick; the flag of any administrative area within any country outside the United Kingdom; any flag of Her Majesty’s Forces; and the Armed Forces Day flag.[4]

Current national flags[edit]

National and subnational flags of the United Kingdom.[5]

United Kingdom[edit]

Flag Date Use Description Status
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg since 1801 The Union Flag, also commonly known as the Union Jack.[6] Used as the flag of the United Kingdom A superimposition of the flags of England and Scotland with the Saint Patrick's Saltire (representing Ireland). National flag used by government and civilian population.
Vertical Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Vertical national flag used by government and civilian population.

Countries of the United Kingdom[edit]

Flag Date Use Description Status
Flag of England.svg c. 1348[7] Flag of England, also known as the St George's Cross Argent a cross Gules National flag of England also used by the Church of England, sports teams representing England and ordinary citizens.
Ulster banner.svg 1953–1972; unofficial since 1972 Northern Ireland has no official nor universally accepted flag The national flag of Northern Ireland is the Union Jack.[8] The Ulster Banner portrayed is from the former coat of arms of Northern Ireland and was the flag of the Government of Northern Ireland between 1953 and 1972. Since 1972 this flag has continued to be used for want of another distinctive flag, almost exclusively amongst the Unionist community.
Flag of Scotland.svg c. 1286[9] Flag of Scotland, also known as the St Andrew's Cross, or the Saltire Azure a saltire Argent National flag used by Scottish Government and agencies, sports teams representing Scotland and by ordinary citizens.
Flag of Wales 2.svg 1959 on
(variants first appeared c. 1485)
Flag of Wales, also known as the Red Dragon or Y Ddraig Goch Per fess Argent and Vert, a dragon passant Gules National flag used by the Welsh Government and agencies, sports teams representing Wales and by ordinary citizens.

The flags of England and of Scotland are ancient war flags which became by usage the national flags of the Kingdom of England (which included Wales) and of the Kingdom of Scotland respectively and continued in use until the Act of Union 1707. Thereafter, they were as de facto flags of those parts of the United Kingdom. The flag of Wales was formalised in 1959, but has ancient origins; the dragon was used as a battle-flag by countless Welsh rulers, the current flag being a redesign of the flag carried by Henry Tudor.[10] The Flag of Northern Ireland is controversial.[11] The coat of arms of the Government of Northern Ireland, a red cross on a white field, defaced with a Red Hand of Ulster within a six pointed star topped with a crown, became used as a local flag, though the end of the province's Government in 1973 ended its official status. This flag has continued to be the internationally recognisable de facto flag of Northern Ireland through its use by international sporting organisations (for example FIFA,[12] UEFA,[13] and the Commonwealth Games)[14] to represent Northern Ireland, though locally it has the allegiance mainly of the Unionist community. The St Patrick's Saltire is also sometimes used by the UK government in London to represent Northern Ireland when a discrete Northern Ireland flag is required.[15][16]

Crown Dependencies[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of Alderney.svg 1993 on Flag of Alderney A red cross on a white field (St George's Cross) with an inescutcheon of the island's coat of arms. Alderney is an autonomous Crown Dependency and is part of the Bailiwick of Guernsey.
Government Ensign of Alderney.svg Government Ensign of Alderney A blue ensign with the arms of Alderney.
Flag of Guernsey (1936).svg 1936–1985 Flag of Guernsey A red cross on a white field (St George's Cross).
Flag of Guernsey.svg 1985 on Flag of Guernsey A golden cross within a red cross on a white field (St George's Cross). Guernsey is an autonomous Crown Dependency and is part of the Bailiwick of Guernsey.
Civil Ensign of Guernsey.svg 1985 on Civil Ensign of Guernsey A red ensign with a Gold Cross.
Government Ensign of Guernsey.svg 1985 on State Ensign of Guernsey A blue ensign with a Gold Cross.
Flag of Herm (1950-1953).svg c.1950–1953 Flag of Herm A dark blue field with the arms of Guernsey in the hoist and the words "HERM ISLAND" beneath it.
Flag of Herm.svg c.1953 on Flag of Herm A red cross on a white field (St George's Cross) with the coat of arms of the island in the canton. Herm is an island which belongs to the Bailiwick of Guernsey.
Flag of the Isle of Mann.svg 1931 on Flag of the Isle of Man A triskelion on a red field.
Civil Ensign of the Isle of Man.svg 1971 on Civil Ensign of the Isle of Man A red ensign with a triskelion.
Flag of Jersey (pre 1981).svg before 1981 Flag of Jersey A red saltire on a white field.
Flag of Jersey.svg 1981 on Flag of Jersey A red saltire on a white field defaced with the island's badge
Civil Ensign of Jersey.svg 2010 on Civil Ensign of Jersey A Red Ensign with the coat of arms of Jersey on.
Government Ensign of Jersey.svg 1907 on Government Ensign of Jersey A blue ensign with the arms of Jersey.
Flag of Sark.svg 1938 on Flag of Sark A red cross on a white field (St George's Cross) with two lions (the arms of the Plantagenet Dukes of Normandy) in the canton. Strictly speaking, this was the personal flag of the Seigneur. Sark is an autonomous Crown Dependency and is part of the Bailiwick of Guernsey.

British Overseas Territories[edit]

In 1999, the maritime flags of the British Overseas Territories were updated at the request of the Ministry of Defence.[citation needed] The white discs were removed from the field of the flags and each respective coat of arms was increased in size for ease of identification. As the MoD only had authority over sea flags, the governments of the Overseas Territories were free to continue using the flags with white discs on land. The Overseas Territories' governments did switch to the updated flags over a staggered period of time, however some old-style flags with white discs may still be seen. Such flags have generally been adopted by Order in Council. Civil (Red Ensign) flags are under the control of the United Kingdom Secretary of State for Transport and are split into two categories: Category 1 is to register ships of unlimited tonnage and type. Category 2 is to register commercial ships and yachts of up to 150 gross registered tons.[17]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of Anguilla.svg 1990 on Anguilla A blue ensign defaced with the Coat of Arms of Anguilla
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Flag used in Akrotiri and Dhekelia The Union Jack is used as no territory flag exists
Flag of Ascension Island.svg 2013 on Ascension Island, an island of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha A blue ensign defaced with the Coat of arms of Ascension Island
Flag of Bermuda.svg 1999 on Bermuda[18] A red ensign defaced with the Coat of Arms of Bermuda. Used on land and as the civil ensign. (Government ensign is blue.)
Government Ensign of Bermuda.svg A blue ensign defaced with the Coat of Arms of Bermuda. Used as the Government ensign.
Flag of the British Antarctic Territory.svg 1963 on British Antarctic Territory A white ensign less the cross of St George defaced with the Coat of Arms of the British Antarctic Territory
Government Ensign of the British Antarctic Territory.svg A blue ensign defaced with the Coat of Arms of the British Antarctic Territory
Flag of the British Indian Ocean Territory.svg 1990 on British Indian Ocean Territory A blue ensign with white wavy lines, defaced with the Coat of Arms of the British Indian Ocean Territory.
Flag of the British Virgin Islands.svg 1960 on British Virgin Islands A blue ensign defaced with the Coat of Arms of the British Virgin Islands. Used on land and as the government ensign. The civil ensign is red.
Civil Ensign of the British Virgin Islands.svg A red ensign defaced with the Coat of Arms of the British Virgin Islands. Used on land and as the civil ensign.
Flag of the Cayman Islands.svg 1999 on Cayman Islands A blue ensign defaced with the Coat of Arms of Cayman Islands. Used on land and as the government ensign. The civil ensign is red.
Civil Ensign of the Cayman Islands.svg A red ensign defaced with the Coat of Arms of Cayman Islands. Used on land and as the civil ensign.
Flag of the Falkland Islands.svg 1999 on Falkland Islands A blue ensign defaced with the Coat of Arms of Falkland Islands. Used on land and as the government ensign. The civil ensign is red.
Civil Ensign of the Falkland Islands.svg A red ensign defaced with the Coat of Arms of Falkland Islands. Used on land and as the civil ensign.
Flag of Gibraltar.svg 1982 on Gibraltar[19] Two horizontal bands of white (top, double width) and red with a three-towered red castle in the centre of the white band; hanging from the castle gate is a gold key centred in the red band. This is the flag commonly used on land.
Government Ensign of Gibraltar.svg 1999 on A blue ensign defaced with the badge of Gibraltar in the fly. This is the ensign for vessels owned by the Government, or in Government service.
Civil Ensign of Gibraltar.svg 1996 on A red ensign defaced with the badge of Gibraltar in the fly. Used as the civil ensign for locally registered vessel.
Flag of Montserrat.svg 1958 on Montserrat A blue ensign defaced with the Coat of arms of Montserrat
Flag of the Pitcairn Islands.svg 1984 on Pitcairn Islands A blue ensign defaced with the Coat of arms of the Pitcairn Islands
Flag of Saint Helena.svg 1984 on Saint Helena, an island of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha A blue ensign defaced with the Coat of Arms of Saint Helena
Flag of South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands.svg 1985 on South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands A blue ensign defaced with the Coat of Arms of South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
Flag of Tristan da Cunha.svg 2002 on Tristan da Cunha, an island of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha A blue ensign defaced with the Coat of Arms of Tristan da Cunha
Flag of the Turks and Caicos Islands.svg 1968 on Turks and Caicos Islands A blue ensign defaced with the Coat of arms of Turks and Caicos Islands
Civil Ensign of the Turks and Caicos Islands.svg A red ensign defaced with the Coat of arms of Turks and Caicos Islands

Governors' flags[edit]

Prior to 1999, all Governors' flags had smaller discs and the outer green garland without the gold ring. Therefore, the dates given do not reflect this minor, consistent change.

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of the Governor of Anguilla.svg 1990 on Personal flag of the Governor of Anguilla A Union Jack defaced with the Coat of arms of Anguilla
Flag of the Governor of Bermuda.svg Before 2011 Personal flag of the Governor of Bermuda A Union Jack defaced with the Coat of arms of Bermuda
Flag of the Commissioner of the British Antarctic Territory.svg 1962 on Personal flag of the Commissioner of the British Antarctic Territory A Union Jack defaced with the Coat of arms of the British Antarctic Territory
Flag of the British Indian Ocean Territory.svg 1990 on Flag of the Commissioner of the British Indian Ocean Territory A design based on the Blue Ensign with a Union Jack in the union and wavy white lines going horizontally along the field, defaced with the Coat of arms of the British Indian Ocean Territory. This flag is also used as the de facto flag of the Territory.
Flag of the Governor of the British Virgin Islands.svg 1971 on Personal flag of the Governor of the British Virgin Islands A Union Jack defaced with the Coat of arms of the British Virgin Islands
Flag of the Governor of the Cayman Islands.svg 1971 on Personal flag of the Governor of the Cayman Islands A Union Jack defaced with the Coat of arms of the Cayman Islands
Flag of the Governor of the Falkland Islands.svg 1948 on Personal flag of the Governor of the Falkland Islands A Union Jack defaced with the Coat of arms of the Falkland Islands
Flag of the Governor of Gibraltar.svg Before 2011 Personal flag of the Governor of Gibraltar A Union Jack defaced with the Coat of arms of Gibraltar
Flag of the Governor of Montserrat.svg Before 2011 Personal flag of the Governor of Montserrat A Union Jack defaced with the Coat of arms of Montserrat
Flag of the Governor of the Pitcairn Islands.svg Before 2011 Personal flag of the Governor of the Pitcairn Islands A Union Jack defaced with the Coat of arms of the Pitcairn Islands
Flag of the Governor of Saint Helena.svg Before 2011 Personal flag of the Governor of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha A Union Flag defaced with the Coat of arms of Saint Helena
Flag of the Commissioner for South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands.svg 1999 on Personal flag of the Commissioner for South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands A Union Jack defaced with the Coat of arms of South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
Flag of the Administrator of Tristan da Cunha.svg 2002 on Personal flag of the Administrator of Tristan da Cunha A Union Jack defaced with the Coat of arms of Tristan da Cunha. The Administrator is subservient to the Governor of Saint Helena
Flag of the Governor of the Turks and Caicos Islands.svg Before 2011 Personal flag of the Governor of the Turks and Caicos Islands A Union jack defaced with the Coat of arms of the Turks and Caicos Islands

Ensigns[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Government Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg 1801 on Blue Ensign, used by some organisations or territories associated with the UK and also used by Royal Navy Reserve(not for sometime) Captain of Merchant Navy Ship – e.g., RMS Queen Mary A blue field, with a Union Jack in the canton
Government Service Ensign.svg 1864 on Government Service Ensign (previously the Transport Ensign or Admiralty Ensign) A blue ensign defaced with a horizontal yellow anchor
Civil Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg 1801 on Red Ensign, used by the Merchant Navy A red field, with a Union Jack in the canton
Civil Jack of the United Kingdom.svg Civil Jack A Union Jack with a white border
Trinity House Ensign.svg The Ensign of Trinity House Red Ensign defaced with the shield of the coat of arms (a St George's Cross with a sailing ship in each quarter). The Master and Deputy Master each have their own flags.
Ensign of the Royal National Lifeboat Institution.svg Royal National Lifeboat Institution
Red Ensign of the Maritime Volunteer Service.jpg 1994 Maritime Volunteer Service
Company of Watermen and Lightermen Ensign.gif Company of Watermen and Lightermen
UK NHS Fleet Ensign.svg 2006 Ship of the National Historic Fleet
UK National Historic Ships Ensign.svg 2006 Registered vessel of the National Historic Ships UK
Civil Air Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg 1931 on Civil Air Ensign, used by civilian aircraft and at civil airports A blue and white cross on a light blue field with the Union Jack in the canton
Cornish Ensign.svg Unofficial Cornish ensign (or St Piran's Ensign) [20] The Cornish flag defaced with a Union flag in the canton.
Ensign of the Duke of Cornwall.svg 2000 Another unofficial Cornish ensign flown by the ship 'Sweet Promise' during the 'Brest 2000' festival. The Cornish flag defaced with the Standard of the Duke of Cornwall in the canton.
Devon Ensign.gif 2003 Unofficial Devon Ensign (or St Petroc's Ensign) The Devon flag defaced with a Union flag in the canton.

Naval Service[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg 1801 on White Ensign, Royal Navy, usually ships bearing the prefix HMS (but see blue ensign), and the Royal Yacht Squadron A red cross on a white field with the Union Jack in the canton
British-Royal-Fleet-Auxiliary-Ensign.svg 1968 on Ensign of the Royal Fleet Auxiliary A blue ensign defaced with a vertical yellow anchor
British Royal Maritime Auxiliary Ensign.svg 1974–2008 Ensign of the Royal Maritime Auxiliary Service A blue ensign defaced with a horizontal yellow anchor with two wavy yellow lines beneath
British RNXS ensign.png 1963 on Ensign of the Royal Naval Auxiliary Service A blue ensign defaced with the shield of the Royal Naval Auxiliary Service
Naval Section Combined Cadet Force Ensign.jpg Combined Cadet Force Naval Section Ensign RNR Blue Ensign with CCF Naval Section badge
Ensign of the Sea Cadet Corps.svg Sea Cadet Corps Ensign RNR Blue Ensign with SCC badge
Flag of the Lord High Admiral of the United Kingdom.svg Flag of the Lord High Admiral of the United Kingdom A fouled anchor on a crimson background
Flag of the Royal Marines.svg Flag of the Corps of Her Majesty's Royal Marines A dark blue field with unequal horizontal yellow, green and red stripes, and the crest of the Royal Marines.
Flag of the Commandant General Royal Marines.svg Flag of the Commandant General Royal Marines A dark blue field with a fouled anchor, lion and crown.

Army[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of the British Army.svg Non-Ceremonial Flag of the British Army A red field defaced with the badge of the British Army.
Royal Engineers Ensign.png 1838 on Ensign of the Corps of Royal Engineers A blue government ensign defaced with the crest of the coat of arms of the Board of Ordnance.
Flag of the Corps of Royal Engineers Camp.svg Camp Flag of the Royal Engineers
British Army Ensign00.svg Ensign of the Royal Logistic Corps for use on vessels commanded by a commissioned officer. A blue government ensign defaced with the British Army badge of a crown and lion in front of crossed swords.
British Army Ensign01.svg Ensign of the Royal Logistic Corps for use on vessels under command of a non-commissioned officer. A blue government ensign defaced by British Army crossed swords.

Air Force[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Ensign of the Royal Air Force.svg 1921 on Royal Air Force Ensign A RAF light blue field with the Royal Air Force roundel in the fly with a Union Jack in the canton
Ensign of the Royal Observer Corps (1952-1995).png 1945–1996 Royal Observer Corps Ensign RAF Ensign with RAF roundel replaced by ROC badge
Ensign of the Air Training Corps.svg Air Training Corps Ensign RAF Ensign with RAF roundel replaced by ATC badge

Combined Forces[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of the Ministry of Defence (United Kingdom).svg 1956 on Flag of the Joint Services A dark blue, red and light blue tricolour defaced with the Joint Service badge. A simplified version with the badge in black is also in use. The tricolour is a combination of the colours of the Armed Forces.
Flag of the British Secretary of State for Defence.svg Flag of the Secretary of State for Defence A dark blue, red and light blue horizontal tricolour defaced with a crown and lion. The tricolour is a combination of the colours of the Armed Forces.
Flag of the Chief of the Defence Staff.svg 1965 on Flag of the Chief of the Defence Staff A dark blue, red and light blue horizontal tricolour with a Union canton and defaced with the badge of the Chief of the Defence Staff. The tricolour is a combination of the colours of the Armed Forces.
Ministry Of Defence Police Ensign.svg 1971 on Ensign of the Ministry of Defence Police A blue ensign defaced with the badge of the Ministry of Defence Police.

Yacht club ensigns[edit]

Flag Burgee Use Description
Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal-Yacht-Squadron-Burgee.svg Ensign of the Royal Yacht Squadron The same as the Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.
Government Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Burgee of the Royal Naval Sailing Association.png Ensign of the Royal Naval Sailing Association Blue Ensign.
Government Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Burgee of the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve Yacht Club.png Ensign of the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve Yacht Club Blue Ensign.
Government Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg RSouthernYC.png Ensign of the Royal Southern Yacht Club Blue Ensign.
Government Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Burgee of royal northern & clyde yc.svg Ensign of the Royal Northern and Clyde Yacht Club Blue Ensign.
Government Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Burgee of royal thames yc.svg Ensign of the Royal Thames Yacht Club Blue Ensign.
Blue Ensign defaced with crown.svg Burgee of Royal Southampton YC.svg Ensign of the Royal Southampton Yacht Club The blue ensign defaced with a crown in the middle of the Union Jack.
HMS Conway Cruising Association Ensign.png HMS Conway Cruising Association Burgee.png Ensign of the HMS Conway Cruising Association Blue Ensign, defaced with the Conway Castle Badge.
LSC Ensign.png Little ship club burgee.gif Ensign of the Little Ship Club Blue Ensign, defaced with the LSC Emblem.
Ensign of the Poole Yacht Club.svg Ensign of the Poole Yacht Club The blue ensign with a defaced with the emblem of Poole Yacht Club.
Ensign of the Royal Channel Islands Yacht Club.svg Ensign of the Royal Channel Islands Yacht Club The blue ensign with a defaced the coat of arms of Jersey.
Royal Corinthian Yacht Club Ensign.png Royal Corinthian Yacht Club Burgee.png Ensign of the Royal Corinthian Yacht Club The blue ensign with a defaced with the emblem of Royal Corinthian Yacht Club.
Ensign of the Royal Cornwall Yacht Club.svg Burgee of the Royal Cornwall Yacht Club.svg Ensign of the Royal Cornwall Yacht Club Blue Ensign, defaced with the Prince of Wales's feathers heraldic badge.
Ensign of the Royal Forth Yacht Club.svg Ensign of the Royal Forth Yacht Club The blue ensign defaced by a Cross pattée, surmounted by the Crown of Scotland.
Ensign of the Royal Gibraltar Yacht Club.svg Burgee of Royal Gibraltar YC.svg Ensign of the Royal Gibraltar Yacht Club The blue ensign defaced with the coat of arms of Gibraltar.
Ensign of the Royal Harwich Yacht Club.svg Ensign of the Royal Harwich Yacht Club The blue ensign defaced with a yellow rampant lion.
Ensign of the Portsmouth Yacht Club.svg Ensign of the Portsmouth Yacht Club The blue ensign with a defaced with the emblem of Portsmouth Yacht Club.
Ensign of the Royal Ulster Yacht Club.svg Burgee of royal ulster yc.svg Ensign of the Royal Ulster Yacht Club The blue ensign defaced with the Red Hand of Ulster and St Edward's Crown.
Ensign of the Sussex Yacht Club.svg Ensign of the Sussex Yacht Club The blue ensign with a defaced with the emblem of Sussex Yacht Club.
Ensign of the House of Commons Yacht Club.svg Ensign of the House of Commons Yacht Club
Ensign of the Royal Dart Yacht Club.svg Burgee of the Royal Dart Yacht Club.svg Ensign of the Royal Dart Yacht Club The red ensign defaced with a Royal Crown and a left pointed arrow under the Crown.
Ensign of the Royal Fowey Yacht Club.svg Burgee of the Royal Fowey Yacht Club.svg Ensign of the Royal Fowey Yacht Club The red ensign defaced with the Coronet of the Duke of Cornwall over the Shield of the Duchy of Cornwall.
RHADC defaced Red Ensign.gif Ensign of Royal Hamilton Amateur Dinghy Club
Ensign of the Royal Norfolk and Suffolk Yacht Club.svg Burgee of the Royal Norfolk and Suffolk Yacht Club.svg Ensign of the Royal Norfolk and Suffolk Yacht Club
RVYC Ensign.jpg RVYC burgee (1).png Ensign of the Royal Victoria Yacht Club The red ensign defaced with a Royal Crown and the letters 'VR' -Victoria Regina.
Ensign of the Royal Windermere Yacht Club.svg Burgee of the Royal Windermere Yacht Club.svg Ensign of the Royal Windermere Yacht Club The red ensign defaced with a Royal Crown.
RYA Ensign.png Ensign of the Royal Yacht Association The red ensign defaced with a Naval Crown.
Ensign of the St Helier Yacht Club.svg Ensign of the St. Helier Yacht Club The red ensign defaced with an anchor and two crossed axes.
Ensign of the West Mersea Yacht Club.svg Burgee of westmerseyyc.svg Ensign of the West Mersea Yacht Club The red ensign deface with three swords (Essex symbol).
Ensign of the Royal Air Force Sailing Association.svg Ensign of the Royal Air Force Sailing Association The RAF Ensign defaced with an eagle.

Royal Standards[edit]

Queen Elizabeth II[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Royal Standard of the United Kingdom.svg 1837 on The Royal Standard of the United Kingdom (except Scotland) A banner of the Queen's Arms, the Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom
Royal Standard of the United Kingdom in Scotland.svg 1837 on The Royal Standard of the United Kingdom (only Scotland) A banner of the Queen's Arms used in Scotland, the Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom used in Scotland
Personal flag of Queen Elizabeth II.svg 1952 on Personal Flag of Elizabeth II, used by the Queen in her capacity as Head of the Commonwealth A crowned letter 'E' in gold, surrounded by a garland of gold roses on a blue background

Standards and banners of the Prince of Wales[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Prince of Wales Standard.svg Standard of the Prince of Wales, used in England and Northern Ireland A banner of the Coat of Arms of the Prince of Wales, the Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom defaced with a label of three points. In the centre on an inescutcheon, ensigned with a representation of the coronet of the Prince of Wales, the Coat of arms of Wales.
Flag of the Duke of Cornwall.svg Standard of the Prince of Wales as Duke of Cornwall 15 golden circles (bezants) on a black field
Royal Standard of the Duke of Rothesay.svg Standard of the Prince of Wales as Duke of Rothesay. The Royal Banner of Scotland defaced with a label of three points.[21]
Personal Banner of the Duke of Rothesay.svg Banner of the Prince of Wales as Duke of Rothesay Banner of the Duke's Arms, 1st and 4th quarters representing the title of Great Steward of Scotland, the 2nd and 3rd quarters representing the title of Lord of the Isles. In the centre on an inescutcheon the arms of the heir apparent to the King of Scots
Personal Banner of the Prince of Wales.svg 1962 on Banner of the Prince of Wales, used in Wales A banner of the Coat of Arms of Wales. In the centre on an inescutcheon the coronet of the Prince of Wales

Other members of the Royal Family[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Royal Standard of Prince William, Duke of Cambridge.svg 2000 on Standard of The Duke of Cambridge Banner of the Duke's Coat of Arms, the Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom with a three-point label, the centre label bearing an Escallop in reference to the arms of Diana, Princess of Wales
Royal Standard of Prince Harry, Duke of Sussex.svg 2002 on Standard of The Duke of Sussex Banner of the Duke's Coat of Arms, the Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom with a five-point label, the first, centre and fifth labels bearing an Escallop in reference to the arms of Diana, Princess of Wales
Royal Standard of Prince Andrew, Duke of York.svg 1978 on Standard of The Duke of York Banner of the Duke's Coat of Arms, the Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom with a three-point label, the centre label bearing a blue anchor
Royal Standard of Princess Beatrice of York.svg 2006 on Standard of Princess Beatrice of York Banner of the Princess's Coat of Arms, the Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom with a five-point label with three bees in alternating points
Royal Standard of Princess Eugenie of York.svg 2008 on Standard of Princess Eugenie of York Banner of the Princess's Coat of Arms, the Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom with a five-point label with three thistle heads in alternating points
Royal Standard of Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex.svg Standard of The Earl of Wessex Banner of the Earl's Coat of Arms, the Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom with a three-point label, the centre label bearing a Tudor Rose
Royal Standard of Princess Anne, Princess Royal.svg Standard of The Princess Royal Banner of the Princess's Coat of Arms, the Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom with a three-point label, the first and third labels bearing a red cross, the centre label bearing a red heart.
Royal Standard of Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester.svg 1962 on Standard of The Duke of Gloucester Banner of the Duke's Coat of Arms, the Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom with a five-point label, the first, third and fifth labels bearing a red cross, the second and fourth labels bearing a red lion.
Royal Standard of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent.svg Standard of The Duke of Kent Banner of the Duke's Coat of Arms, the Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom with a five-point label, the first, third and fifth labels bearing a blue anchor, the second and fourth labels bearing a red cross.
Royal Standard of Prince Michael of Kent.svg Standard of Prince Michael of Kent Banner of the Prince's Coat of Arms, the Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom with a five-point label, the first, third and fifth labels bearing a red cross, the second and fourth labels bearing a blue anchor.
Royal Standard of Princess Alexandra, The Honourable Lady Ogilvy.svg 1961 on Standard of Princess Alexandra, The Honourable Lady Ogilvy Banner of the Princess's Coat of Arms, the Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom with a five-point label, the first and fifth labels bearing a red heart, the third label bearing a red cross, the second and fourth labels bearing a blue anchor.

Others[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Lionrampant.svg 1323 on The Royal Banner of Scotland A banner of the ancient Royal Arms of Scotland, now officially used in Scotland by representatives of the sovereign, including the First Minister of Scotland (as keeper of the Great Seal of Scotland), the Lord High Commissioner to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, the Lord Lyon King of Arms and Lord-Lieutenants within their lieutenancies.[22] This flag is also used at the Royal residences of Holyrood Palace and Balmoral Castle when the sovereign is not present.
United-Kingdom-Lord-Lieutenant.svg Flag used by the Lord-Lieutenants, the sovereign's representative in the counties of the United Kingdom, except by those in Scotland (see above). The Union Jack, defaced with a sword, crowned.
Flag of the Duchy of Lancaster.svg Standard of the Duchy of Lancaster The Royal Banner of England, with a three-point label, each containing three fleurs-de-lis
Lord Warden Cinque Ports (Lord Boyce).svg Standard of the Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports A banner of the Lord's coat of arms featuring three Lions passant guardant con-joined to these hulls, all in gold

Government[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
HM Customs Ensign.svg Ensign of Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs A Blue Ensign defaced with the badge of HM Customs and Excise
Flag of Northern Ireland Assembly.svg 1998 Flag of the Northern Ireland Assembly.
2008 Ensign of the Border Force
A Blue Ensign defaced with the badge of the Border Force
Flag of Her Majesty's Coastguard.svg Ensign of Her Majesty's Coastguard A blue ensign defaced with the badge of HM Coastguard
Ensign of the Scottish Fisheries Protection Agency.svg Ensign used aboard ships of the Scottish Government, such as the patrol boats of the Marine Scotland. A blue ensign defaced with the badge of the former Scottish Fisheries Protection Agency
Ensign of the British Commissioners of Northern Lighthouses.svg Ensign of the Commissioners of the Northern Lights A blue ensign defaced with a lighthouse
Northern Lighthouse Board Commissioners Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Northern Lighthouse Board Commissioners Flag A White Ensign with a pre-1801 Union Flag in the canton, defaced with a blue lighthouse in the fly, is the only British flag to still use the pre-1801 Union Flag.[23] This flag is only flown from vessels with the Commissioners aboard and from the Headquarters of the NLB, in Edinburgh.
Trinity House Ensign.svg Ensign of Trinity House A red ensign defaced with a Trinity House Jack
Flag of the Metropolitan Police Service.svg Flag of the Metropolitan Police The Badge of the Metropolitan Police on a blue background, with white squares at the edge
Metropolitan Police Service Ensign.jpg Ensign of the Metropolitan Police The Blue Ensign, defaced with the Badge of the Metropolitan Police.
Civil Defence Service Flag.svg 1943–1945,
1949–1968
Flag of the Civil Defence Service/Civil Defence Corps A blue and yellow flag defaced with a Tudor Crown and the letters C.D.
Government Ensign of Wales.svg 2017 Ensign used aboard ships of the Welsh Government, such as the patrol boats of the Marine and Fisheries Division. A blue ensign defaced with a yellow dragon

Church[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Anglican rose.svg Flag of the Anglican Communion A dark blue background with the symbol of the Anglican Communion (a compass rose surmounted by a bishop's mitre; in the centre is a cross of St George). The Greek motto, Ἡ ἀλήθεια ἐλευθερώσει ὑμᾶς ("The truth will set you free") is a quotation from John 8:32.
St Patrick's saltire.svg 1999 on Flag used by the Church of Ireland The flag of Saint Patrick is one of two flags authorised for use on Church of Ireland buildings and grounds. The other is that of the Anglican Communion above.[24]
Flag of the Church of Scotland.svg Flag of the Church of Scotland The flag of Scotland with the burning bush in the centre.
Standard of Westminster Abbey.svg Flag of Westminster Abbey Tudor arms between Tudor roses, above Edward the Confessor's arms.
Church in Wales flag.svg Flag of the Church in Wales A navy blue cross with a celtic cross in the centre.

Diplomatic flags[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
British Ambassador Ensign.svg Flag used by British Embassies A Union Jack defaced with the royal coat of arms of the United Kingdom
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Flag used by British High Commissions High commissions fly the Union Jack
UK-Consular.svg Flag used by British consulates and consulates-general A Union Jack defaced with the Royal Crown
British Diplomatic Ensign.svg Flag used by British consular officials when embarked in small boats; flag displayed at bow A Blue Ensign defaced with the royal coat of arms of the United Kingdom

Islands[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Isle of Barra flag.svg 2017 on Flag of the Isle of Barra Green, with a white Scandinavian Cross showing the ancestry of the people and places names of Barra. The green represents the green of the Barra Isles.[25]
Western Isles Council Flag.svg Flag[clarification needed] of the Outer Hebrides[citation needed]
2007 Flag of Orkney.svg 2007 on Flag of Orkney[26][27] A blue Nordic cross outlined in yellow on a red field.
Flag of Isle of Portland.gif 14 April 2010 Flag of the Isle of Portland (Registered by the Flag Institute)[28] The colours represent the landscape of the area: Portland stone, grass and the sea. The white tower represents the castles and the naval coronet shows the long connection with the Royal Navy.[29]
ScillonianCross.svg February 2002 Flag of the Isles of Scilly[26] The Scillonian Cross
South Uist flag.svg 2017 on Flag of South Uist[26][27] A green flag bearing a blue Nordic cross fimbriated in white
Flag of Shetland.svg 1969 on Flag of Shetland[26][27] A white Nordic cross on a light blue field
Flag of the Isle of Skye.svg 2020 on Flag of the Isle of Skye[26][27] A yellow Hebridean Birlinn in upper hoist above a yellow Nordic Cross on a sky blue field interlaced with a white ring.
Flag of the Isle of Wight.svg 2009 on Flag of the Isle of Wight[26] A pale blue field with a nicked rhombus (a representation of the island's shape) and at the bottom six alternating bars wavy, navy blue and white.

Local government areas[edit]

Flags are often used to represent counties, cities and towns. Where these are based on a council's banner of arms they are technically for the use of the council, but they are often used to represent the wider area,[30] including by official bodies such as the Department for Communities and Local Government.[31] Northumberland and Hertfordshire County Councils have "released" their banners of arms for use as county flags.[32] Since 2012 it has been permitted in planning law in England to fly a flag of any British island, county, district, borough, burgh, parish, city, town or village without planning permission as an advertisement.[33]

Counties[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of Angus.png Proposed flag of Angus A heraldic flag derived from the arms of Angus Council, consisting of four-quarters containing a red crowned lion passant, a gold cinquefoil, a blue-white checked strip crossed with buckled red belt, and a depiction of the heart of Robert the Bruce to represent the four ancient earldoms of Angus.[34]
Flag of Cambridgeshire.svg 1974 on Flag of Cambridgeshire[35] Banner of the arms adopted after 1974 with elements from the old Cambridgeshire and Isle of Ely CC and Huntingdon and Peterborough CC.
Flag of Cornwall.svg 12th century St Piran's Flag – the Flag of Cornwall[26] A white cross on a black field, formally adopted in 1890
County Flag of Cumbria.png Flag of Cumbria[31] On the green border are Parnassus flowers (representing Cumberland) interspersed with white roses (Yorkshire) superimposed with red roses (Lancashire). The centre of the shield is made up of segments of blue, white, yellow and green divided by wavy vertical lines and zig-zag horizontal lines. This depicts the new County and from left to right the vertical lines of segments show: blue and white for the sea, blue and yellow (gold) for the lakes and agriculture, green and white for mountains and lakes and green and yellow (gold) for mountains and agriculture.
Flag of Durham County Council.svg 1961 on Flag of Durham County Council Local authority flag. A yellow cross on a blue field with lions rampant in each quarter, the centre of the cross is broken with a white rose of York (added in 1974 to represent the area of Yorkshire in Teesdale administered by the council) and black diamonds on each arm (representing coal and industry). Flag modified from the arms of the Bishopric of Durham[36]
Flag of East Sussex.svg Flag of East Sussex[37] A variation on the arms attributed to the Kingdom of Sussex.
GLA Flag.svg 2001 Flag of Greater London The flag of the Greater London Authority. Other flags were previously used officially between 1965 and 1984 by the Greater London Council and the County of London between 1889 and 1965. Both were based on the coats of arms of those councils.[38]
Unofficial County Flag of Greater Manchester.svg Unofficial Flag of Greater Manchester[39] Ten golden castles (arranged in rows of 3-2-3-2) on a red background, fringed by a golden border in the style of a castle battlement.
County Flag of Hampshire.svg 12 March 2019 Flag of Hampshirereg A gold Saxon crown above a Tudor rose over a field of red and gold representing the former Saxon kingdom of Wessex.
County Flag Of Herefordshire.svg 2019 Flag of Herefordshire[40]
FlagOfHertfordshire.PNG 2008 on Flag of Hertfordshire[26] On a waved background, a Hart reclining on a yellow shield – a flag displayed on the crest of the county arms
Flag of the Isle of Wight.svg 2009 on Flag of the Isle of Wight[26] A pale blue field with a nicked rhombus (a representation of the island's shape) and at the bottom six alternating bars wavy, navy blue and white.
Flag of Leicestershire.svg Flag of Leicestershire Flag of the historic county of Leicestershire, registered with the Flag Institute on 16 July 2021[41]
County Flag of Merseyside.svg Flag of Merseyside[42] Banner of arms of the former county council.
County Flag of Norfolk.svg Flag of Norfolk[43] Banner of council arms
Flag of Northumberland.svg 1951 Flag of Northumberland[26]
Local authority flag with use permitted to local people. Based on the St Oswald banner.[44]
2007 Flag of Orkney.svg 2007 on Flag of Orkney[26][27] A blue Nordic cross outlined in yellow on a red field.
Flag of Rutland.svg Flag of Rutland[citation needed]
Flag of Shetland.svg 1969 on Flag of Shetland[26][27] A white Nordic cross on a light blue field
Unofficial County Flag of South Yorkshire.png Unofficial Flag of South Yorkshire[45] The Flag of South Yorkshire has an upper green section and a lower blue section separated by a white wavy line. To the fly there is a Yorkshire rose with the letters S&Y underneath.[46]
County Flag of Staffordshire.png Flag of Staffordshire[47] Banner of arms of the local authority. All the devices on the flag come from arms of various Earls of Stafford. The red chevron on gold was the arms of the de Staffords. It is charged with the family's famous Stafford knot badge.
County Flag of Tyne & Wear.svg Flag of Tyne and Wear[45] The flag of Tyne and Wear has a blue field with a white turret in the centre. Towards the top of the flag there is a white wavy line.[48]
County Flag of Warwickshire.svg 1931 on Flag of Warwickshire[49] – the Bear and Ragged Staff[50] A banner based on the County Coat of Arms. A silver bear with red muzzle and gold collar and chain supporting a silver ragged staff on a red shield, with three red crosses (each of which has its arms crossed) on a gold band at the top.[51]
Flag of the West Midlands County.svg Flag of the West Midlands[45] Banner of arms of the former county council. The flag has two dancetty barrulets interlaced to form a W and M representing the initials of "West Midlands".
Flag of West Sussex.svg Flag of West Sussex[52] Banner of arms of the local authority. Blue and gold flag with six golden martlets.
County Flag of Worcestershire.png Flag of Worcestershire CC[53] Banner of arms of the local authority.

Cities, towns and villages[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
City Flag of Aberdeen.svg Flag of Aberdeen[30] Three White/Grey Castles on a Red Field, taken from the city's coat of arms.
Appleby-in-Westmorland town flag.svg Flag of Appleby-in-Westmorland A golden heraldic apple tree on blue. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[54]
Flag of Belfast.svg Flag of Belfast[30] A banner of the city's coat of arms. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[55]
Bexhill town flag.svg 1893 Flag of Bexhill-on-Sea A red saltire, which divides the flag into four sections: two of them white (top and bottom) and two green (hoist and fly). (Registered by the Flag Institute)[56]
Birmingham City Flag.svg Flag of Birmingham[30] Golden vertical zig-zag offset to hoist dividing blue and red, with a bulls head in the centre. The flag of city as opposed to the banner of the council. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[57]
Flag of Cardiff.svg Flag of Cardiff A banner of the city's coat of arms. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[58]
Calne town flag.svg Flag of Calne Golden circle over green, blue and white stripes. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[59]
Craig-y-Dorth Flag.svg Flag of Craig-y-Dorth (Cwmcarvan) Two golden wyverns combatant on blue and red, over a golden triangle with a red loaf. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[60].
Digbeth village flag.svg Flag of Digbeth Triband of blue, thinner black and white with counterchanged rings over the black-white division and ripples beneath. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[61]
Flag of Durham.svg Flag of Durham[30] A red cross outlined in white on a black field.
Flag of Edinburgh.svg Flag of Edinburgh[30] A heraldic flag derived from the arms of Edinburgh Council.[62] (Registered by the Flag Institute)[63]
Evenley village flag.svg Flag of Evenley Three golden cowslips on a green hoist, with a dragon slain by Saint George on the yellow field. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[64]
Finchfield village flag.svg Flag of Finchfield Three golden finches with an interlocking pattern of stylised wheat. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[65]
Flore village flag.svg Flag of Flore A white blossom flower on purple and a purple plum on gold divided by a diagonal wavy line. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[66]
Hampton Poyle village flag.svg Flag of Hampton Poyle A white saltire on red with a black border with golden bezants. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[67]
Horningsea village flag.svg Flag of Horningsea A potter at his wheel counterchanged across a vertical bisection red and white. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[68]
Kingswinford town flag.svg Flag of Kingswinford A white boar with a gold crown on blue. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[69]
Flag of Lincoln.svg Flag of Lincoln[30] A banner of the city's coat of arms.
Flag of the City of London.svg Flag of the City of London[30] A red cross on a white field, with a red sword in the canton. A banner of the arms of the City of London Corporation. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[70]
Flag of the City of London banner.png Flag of the City of London (vertical banner) Vertical banner of the arms of the City of London Corporation.
Nenthead village flag.svg Flag of Nenthead A green triangle with white eight pointed star over black and white hoops. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[71]
Newbury town flag.svg Flag of Newbury Red and blue quarters with castle, wheatsheaf, swords and teasel with a wavy hoop across the centre. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[72]
Penrith town flag.svg Flag of Penrith A red saltire on white with blue knot/flowers in each quarter. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[73]
Petersfield town flag.svg Flag of Petersfield Crossed keys on a green field with a plain white and wavy blue hoop. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[74]
Pewsey village flag.svg Flag of Pewsey A white horse (Pewsey White Horse) on green hills below an oaken crown. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[75]
Flag of Plymouth.jpg Flag of Plymouth[citation needed]
(City and Unitary Authority)
Banner of the arms of Plymouth City Council.[citation needed]
Poole town flag.svg Flag of Poole Dolphin on wavy black and gold bars below the three scallop shells of St James. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[76]
City Flag of Portsmouth.svg Flag of Portsmouth[30] A banner of the city's coat of arms.
Preston town flag.svg Flag of Preston A blue cross with white arm centres on white with a paschal lamb in the centre. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[77]
Saint Alban's cross.svg Flag of St Albans[30] – the Cross of St Alban A golden saltire on sky blue.
St Annes on Sea town flag.svg Flag of St Anne's on Sea (Lytham St Annes) A white Victorian lifeboat in upper hoist above two golden wavy hoops all over blue. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[78]
Flag of Shrewsbury.png Flag of Shrewsbury[citation needed] A banner of the town's coat of arms, featuring three leopard faces known locally as loggerheads.[citation needed]
Flag of Southampton.png 2017 Flag of Southampton[79] An anchor and Tudor Rose on a red and white background.
Staining village flag.svg Flag of Staining, Lancashire A white windmill and plough on blue divided by a white diagonal series of rectangles with a blue Celtic cross in the centre. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[80]
Tavistock Town Flag.jpg Flag of the stannary town of Tavistock[citation needed] A white field with a blue bend, defaced with the coat of arms.[citation needed]
Flag of Tywyn, Wales.svg Flag of Tywyn A black raven on gold and a white dolphin on blue divided by a diagonal wavy line. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[81]
Willenhall town flag.svg Flag of Willenhall Three golden locks on red and a crowned set of golden crossed keys on blue divided by a crenellated vertical line. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[82]
Wing village flag.svg Flag of Wing, Buckinghamshire A golden bird in a golden arch all on blue. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[83]
Wreay village flag.svg Flag of Wreay A golden cross on green with a two crossed white pipes and a bell in the first quarter. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[84]
Wroxton village flag.svg Flag of Wroxton A red cross on blue and fimbriated white with white birds, pick axe, and leaf in the quarters. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[85]
Flag of York.svg Flag of York[30] A banner of the city's coat of arms.

Miscellaneous[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of the Royal National Lifeboat Institution.svg Flag of the Royal National Lifeboat Institution[citation needed] A red cross with a blue border on a white field, with the letters RNLI in red in each quarter, defaced with a crowned anchor
St John Ambulance Flag.png Flag of the St John Ambulance Brigade[citation needed]
Royal British Legion Standard.svg A Branch Standard of the Royal British Legion[citation needed] A blue ensign with a yellow band across the middle with the words Royal British Legion and the name of the branch
Flag of Saint David.svg Flag of Saint David A gold cross on a black field. This is flown in Wales especially on St David's Day. This flag and the St Patrick's flag are not considered national flags but may be flown without special consent.[86]
Standard of the Salvation Army.svg 1878 on Flag of the Salvation Army[citation needed] A maroon flag with a blue border defaced by a yellow star with the Salvation Army's motto "Blood & Fire" written on it
Flag of the Friends of the British Overseas Territories.svg Flag of the Friends of the British Overseas Territories[citation needed]

Historical and informal areas[edit]

It is explicitly permitted to fly the flag of the Black Country, East Anglia, Wessex, any Part of Lincolnshire, any Riding of Yorkshire or any historic county within the United Kingdom without needing any permission or consent.[33]

Historic kingdoms and regions[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Black Country Flag.svg 2012 on Flag of the Black Country[26][87] Per pall reversed Sable, Gules and Argent a pall reversed Argent over all an inverted chevron of chain counterchanged Argent, Sable, Argent. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[88]
Flag of East Anglia.svg 1900 on Flag of East Anglia.[26] The arms ascribed to the Wuffingas dynasty of East Anglia, three crowns on a blue shield, superimposed on a St George's cross (Registered by the Flag Institute)[89].
Flag of Mercia (2014).svg Flag of Mercia[90] – the Cross of St Alban A gold saltire on a blue field; the traditional flag of the Kingdom of Mercia, still flown on Tamworth Castle.
Flag of Northumbria.svg Ancient Kingdom of Northumbriaregcoa
North England
Modern Northumbria (Northumberland and the county of Durham)
The oldest flag in England. Eight alternating stripes[a]
FlagOfWessex.svg 1970s Flag of Wessex[26] A gold wyvern on a red field. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[91]

Historic counties[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of Anglesey.svg 2014 on Flag of Anglesey Gules between three lions rampant or a chevron of the second: the attributed arms of Hwfa ap Cynddelw, the traditional badge of the county. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[92]
Bedfordshire County Flag.svg 2014 on Flag of Bedfordshire Based on the arms of Beauchamp, Barons of Bedford (red and gold) and Russell, Dukes of Bedford (black with 3 scallops). Unlike the old county council banner, the bars wavy are counterchanged per pale. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[93]
Flag of Berkshire.svg 2017 on Flag of Berkshire Based on the traditional badge of the county: a stag beneath Hearne's Oak. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[94]
Flag of Buckinghamshire.svg 2011 on Flag of Buckinghamshire A red and black field bearing a chained swan: a traditional badge of the county. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[95](Chosen in a BBC competition)[96]
Flag of Caernarfonshire.svg 2012 on Flag of Caernarfonshire Vert, three eagles displayed in fess Or. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[97]
Flag of Caithness.svg 2016 on Flag of Caithness A Scandinavian cross flag for the county's Norse heritage, with the civic badge of Caithness, a ship with a raven on its sail, in the upper hoist. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[98](Enrolled by the Lord Lyon)[99]
Cambridgeshire Flag.svg 2015 on Flag of Cambridgeshire Blue with wavy lines in Cambridge blue, and the three crowns of East Anglia. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[100](Chosen by competition)[101]
Cheshire Flag.svg 2013 on Flag of Cheshire Azure a Sword erect between three Garbs Or (Registered by the Flag Institute)[102]
Flag of Cornwall.svg 12th century St Piran's Flag – the Flag of Cornwall A white cross on a black field. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[103]
Cumberland flag.svg 2012 on The Flag of Cumberland Based on a banner of the arms of the former Cumberland County Council.(Registered by the Flag Institute)[104]
Derbyshire flag.svg 2006 on Flag of Derbyshire A green cross with a white border on a sky blue field, with a gold Tudor rose in the centre. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[105](Chosen in a BBC competition)[106]
Flag of Devon.svg 2003 on Flag of DevonSt Petroc's flag A white cross with a black border on a green field. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[107](Chosen by competition)[108]
Saint Wite's Cross.svg 2008 on Flag of Dorset[109] – the Dorset Cross alias St Wite's Cross A white cross with a red border on a gold field.(Registered by the Flag Institute)[110](Chosen by competition)[111]
County Durham Flag.svg 2013 on Flag of County Durham[112] A gold and blue horizontal bicolour with St. Cuthbert's Cross countercharged upon it. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[113](Chosen by competition)[114]
Flag of East Lothian.svg 2018 on Flag of East Lothian (Haddingtonshire) A blue field with a gold saltire voided blue; over all a lozenge with a lion rampant. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[115](Chosen by competition)[116]
Flag of Essex.svg Possibly 6th century Flag of Essex A red field with three white, gold hilted Saxon swords (Seaxes). (Registered by the Flag Institute)[117]
Flag of Flintshire.svg 2015 on Flag of Flintshire Argent, between four Cornish choughs sable a cross engrailed flory of the second. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[118]; the arms attributed to Edwin Tegeingl (Edwin ap Gronwy)
Glamorgan Flag.svg 12th century Flag of Glamorgan Gules, three Chevronels Argent. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[119]
Severn Cross.svg 2008 on Flag of Gloucestershire – the Severn Cross The winning entry in a competition to commemorate the county's millennium. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[120](Chosen by competition)[121]
County Flag of Hampshire.svg 2019 on Flag of Hampshire A gold Saxon crown on a red field above a Tudor rose on a gold field.(Registered by the Flag Institute)[122]
County Flag Of Herefordshire.svg 2019 on Flag of Herefordshire On a dark red background, a white bull's head above three wavy lines, ordered white-blue-white.(Registered by the Flag Institute)[123]
County Flag of Hertfordshire.svg 2008 on Flag of Hertfordshire On a waved background, a Hart reclining on a yellow shield – a flag displayed on the crest of the county arms(Registered by the Flag Institute)[124]A banner of the council's arms[125]
Flag of Huntingdonshire.svg 2009 on Flag of Huntingdonshire On a green background, a gold, ribboned hunting horn – a flag displayed on the crest of the county arms (Registered by the Flag Institute)[126]
FlagOfKent.svg 1605 on Flag of Kent[127] A red field with the white horse of Kent. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[128]
Flag of Kirkcudbrightshire.svg 2016 on Flag of Kirkcudbrightshire A green and white quartered field bearing the Cross of St Cuthbert (from whom the county is named). (Registered by the Flag Institute)[129](Enrolled by the Lord Lyon)[130]
FlagOfLancashire.svg 2008 on Flag of Lancashire The red rose of Lancashire on a yellow field. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[131]
Flag of Leicestershire.svg 2021 on Flag of Leicestershire Per fess dancetty gules and argent, a cinquefoil pierced ermine above a fox gules. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[132]
Lincolnshire flag.svg 2005 on Flag of Lincolnshire Quarterly Vert and Azure, on a Cross Gules fimbriated Or a Fleur-de-Lis of the last. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[133](Chosen in a BBC competition)[134]
Flag of Merionethshire.svg 2015 on Flag of Merionethshire Azure, three goats rampant Argent, armed and unguled Or; from the dexter base the sun in his splendour issuant Or. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[135]
Flag of Middlesex.svg 1910 Flag of Middlesex A red field with three white, gold hilted Saxon swords or Seaxes under a gold Saxon crown. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[136]
Flag of Monmouthshire.svg 2011 on Flag of Monmouthshire Per pale Azure and Sable three Fleurs-de-lis Or. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[137]
Flag of Norfolk.svg 2014 on Flag of Norfolk Party per pale or and sable, a bend ermine; the attributed arms of Ralph de Gael or Guader, 1st Earl of Norfolk (Registered by the Flag Institute)[138]
Flag of Northamptonshire.svg 2014 on Flag of Northamptonshire Maroon with a gold cross fimbriated black, and in the centre the county's traditional rose.[139] (Registered by the Flag Institute)[140](Chosen by competition)[141]
Flag of Northumberland.svg 1951 Flag of Northumberland Local authority flag with use permitted to local people. Based on the St Oswald banner. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[142]
County Flag of Nottinghamshire.svg 2011 on Flag of Nottinghamshire A red cross fimbriated white on a green field, with an inescutcheon in the centre showing Robin Hood. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[143](Chosen in a BBC competition)[144]
2007 Flag of Orkney.svg 2007 on Flag of Orkney[26][27] A blue Nordic cross outlined in yellow on a red field. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[145](Enrolled by the Lord Lyon)[146]
Flag of Oxfordshire.svg 2017 on Flag of Oxfordshire The arms of the pre-1974 County Council: blue with a red ox head on a double bend wavy, between a wheatsheaf and an oak. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[147]
Flag of Pembrokeshire.svg 1988 on Flag of Pembrokeshire A yellow cross on a blue field with a variation of the red and white Tudor rose in the centre. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[148]
Rutland County Flag.svg 2015 on Flag of Rutland A green field strewn with acorns and a golden horseshoe in the centre. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[149]
Flag of Shetland.svg 1969 on Flag of Shetland A white Nordic cross on a light blue field. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[150](Enrolled by the Lord Lyon)[151]
Flag of Shropshire.svg 2012 on Flag of Shropshire Three leopards' faces, referred to as loggerheads locally, are a traditional emblem for Shropshire and its county town, Shrewsbury. The erminois aspect differentiates the county flag with that of Shrewsbury. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[152]A banner of the council's arms[153]
Somerset Flag.svg 2013 on Flag of Somerset Or, a Dragon Rampant Gules. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[154](Chosen by competition)[155]
Staffordshire Flag.svg 2016 on Flag of Staffordshire A red chevron on gold, with the Stafford knot.(Registered by the Flag Institute)[156](Chosen by competition)[157]
County Flag of Suffolk.svg 2017 on Flag of Suffolk A Saxon crown pierced with two arrows: the traditional emblem of St Edmund, and of Suffolk.(Registered by the Flag Institute)[158]
Flag of Surrey.svg 2014 on County Flag of Surrey Chequy or and azure (De Warrenne, the first Earls of Surrey) – the traditional emblem of the county.(Registered by the Flag Institute)[159]
Flag of Sussex.svg 2010 on Flag of Sussex – Saint Richard's Flag[26] Based on the traditional emblem of Sussex; Six gold martlets on a Blue field, first recorded in 1611 and used by many Sussex organisations. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[160]
Flag of Sutherland 2018.svg December 2018 on Flag of Sutherland White with a black saltire intersecting a black Scandinavian cross, a sun figure in the centre. This design won a local competition, replacing a previous winner (a swooping eagle counterchanged against a vertical bicoloured red and yellow background, with three mullets at the hoist).[161] (Registered by the Flag Institute)[162]
Flag of Warwickshire.svg August 2016 on Flag of Warwickshire A bear and ragged staff (the badge of the Earls of Warwick) which has become a symbol of the county, white on red. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[163]
Flag of Westmorland.svg 2011 on Flag of Westmorland A golden heraldic apple tree on white and red bars. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[164]
County Flag of Wiltshire.svg 2009 on Flag of Wiltshire Alternating downward angled stripes of green and white bearing a green disc within six alternating green and white sections, on which stands an image of a great bustard. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[165][166] Accepted by Wiltshire Council in December 2009[167]
Worcestershire flag.svg 2013 on Flag of Worcestershire Three black pears on a shield charged against a wavy green and blue background. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[168](Chosen in a BBC competition)[169]
FlagOfYorkshire.svg 1960s on Flag of Yorkshire A White Rose on a blue field. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[170]

Yorkshire ridings[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
East Riding Of Yorkshire.svg 2013 on Flag of the East Riding of Yorkshire[171] Per pale Azure and Vert, an inverted rose Argent. (Registered by the Flag Institute)[172](Chosen by competition)[173]
Flag of North Riding of Yorkshire.svg 2013 on Flag of the North Riding of Yorkshire[174] Vert a cross azure fimbriated or, a rose argent (Registered by the Flag Institute)[175](Chosen by competition)[176]
West Riding Flag.svg 2013 on Flag of the West Riding of Yorkshire[177] (Registered by the Flag Institute)[178](Chosen by competition)[179]

Historical flags[edit]

National flags and ensigns[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Government Ensign of Northern Ireland (1929-1973).svg 1929–1973 Ensign of the former Northern Ireland government. The blue ensign defaced with the letters GNI. Used on vessels of the Northern Ireland government.
Ulster banner.svg 1953–1972 The Ulster Banner – Flag of the former Government of Northern Ireland between 1953 and 1972 and still used to represent Northern Ireland in some sporting events in which Northern Ireland competes. The flag is particularly associated with the loyalist and unionist communities in Northern Ireland. A red cross on a white field with a red hand, on a six pointed white star, crowned (representing the six counties in Northern Ireland). The Ulster Banner ceased to be officially recognised with the passing of the Northern Ireland Constitution Act 1973 which dissolved the Parliament of Northern Ireland.
Union flag 1606 (Kings Colors).svg 1606–1801 Flag of the Kingdom of Great Britain (From 1707) First version of the Union Jack used in England from 1606 and Scotland from 1707 – the Flags of England and Scotland superimposed.
Union Jack 1606 Scotland.svg 17th century Scottish Union Flag Scottish Union Flag variant[180][181][182][183]
St Patrick's saltire.svg 1783–1922 Saint Patrick's Saltire, also known as St Patrick's Cross, the symbol of The Most Illustrious Order of Saint Patrick, the British order of chivalry associated with Ireland. A red saltire on a white field. Used to represent Ireland in the Union Jack and unofficially to represent Ireland from the Act of Union to the Anglo-Irish Treaty.
English Red Ensign 1620.svg 1620–1707 English Red Ensign The Red Ensign of the English Royal Navy
English White Ensign 1620.svg 1620–1707 English White Ensign The White Ensign of the English Royal Navy
English Blue Ensign 1620.svg 1620–1707 English Blue Ensign The Blue Ensign of the English Royal Navy
Scottish Red Ensign.svg Until 1707 Scottish Red Ensign, used by the Royal Scottish Navy A red ensign with the Flag of Scotland in the canton
Red Ensign of Great Britain (1707-1800).svg 1707–1801 Red Ensign of Great Britain The Red Ensign with the first version of the Union Jack. (This was the flag flown over the Thirteen Colonies before the American Revolution)
Naval Ensign of Great Britain (1707-1800).svg 1707–1801 White Ensign of Great Britain The White Ensign with the first version of the Union Jack.
Blue Ensign of Great Britain (1707-1800).svg 1707–1801 Blue Ensign of Great Britain The Blue Ensign with the first version of the Union Jack.
Flag of the Commonwealth (1649-1651).svg 1649–1651 Flag of the Commonwealth of England St George's Cross and an Irish Harp juxtaposed.
Flag of The Commonwealth.svg 1651–1658 Flag of the Commonwealth of England St George's Cross and St Andrew's cross quartered.
Flag of the Commonwealth (1658-1660).svg 1658–1660 Flag of The Protectorate The 1606 Union Jack defaced with an Irish Harp.

Lord Protector's standard[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Standard of Oliver Cromwell (1653–1659).svg 1653–1659 Standard of the Lord Protector The cross of St. George quartered with the cross of St. Andrew and the Irish Harp, and surmounted by an escutcheon with Cromwell's personal coat of arms.

Royal standards[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Royal Banner of England.svg 1198–1340 Royal Banner of King Richard I Gules, three lions passant regardant in pale or.
Royal Standard of England (1406-1340).svg 1340–1395,
1399–1406
Royal Banner of King Edward III The Coat of Arms of England quartered with the Royal Standard of France, the Fleur-de-lis representing the English claim to the French throne.
Royal Standard of England (1395–1399).svg 1395–1399 Royal Banner of King Richard II The Coat of Arms of England impaled with attributed arms of King Edward The Confessor (symbolising mystical union).
Royal Standard of England (1406-1603).svg 1406–1554,
1558–1603
Royal Banner of King Henry IV The French quartering has been altered to three fleurs-de-lys.
Royal Standard of England (1554–1558).svg 1554–1558 Royal Banner of Queen Mary I The Coat of arms of Habsburg Spain impaled with Coat of arms of England.
Royal Standard of Great Britain (1603-1649).svg 1603–1649,
1660–1689,
1702–1707
Royal Standard of the House of Stuart, used first by James VI and I A banner of the Royal Coat of Arms of James I, first and fourth quarters representing England and the English claim to the French throne, second quarter representing Scotland, third quarter representing Ireland (This is the first time that Ireland has been represented on the Royal Standard).
Royal Standard of Great Britain (1689-1702).svg 1689–1702 Royal Standard of King William III and II A banner of the Royal Coat of Arms of William III, first and fourth quarters representing England and the English claim to the French throne, second quarter representing Scotland, third quarter representing Ireland, with an inescutcheon for the House of Nassau.
Royal Standard of Great Britain (1707-1714).svg 1707–1714 Royal Standard of the House of Stuart, under Queen Anne after the Acts of Union A banner of the Royal Coat of Arms of Queen Anne, first and fourth quarters representing (newly unified) England and Scotland, second quarter representing the (English) claim to the French throne, third quarter representing Ireland.
Royal Standard of the United Kingdom (1714–1801).svg 1714–1800 Royal Standard of Great Britain under the House of Hanover from 1714 to 1800.
Royal Standard of the United Kingdom 1801-1816.svg 1801–1816 Royal Standard of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1814. A banner of the Royal Arms from the creation of the United Kingdom on 1 January 1801; first and fourth quarters for England and Wales, second Scotland, third Ireland, with an inescutcheon for the Electorate of Hanover.
Royal Standard of the United Kingdom (1816–1837).svg 1816–1837 Royal Standard of the House of Hanover from 1814 to 1837 The Royal Arms after Hanover had become a kingdom.

Royal consorts[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Duke of Edinburgh Standard.svg 1952–2021 Standard of Prince Philip, consort of Elizabeth II A banner of the Coat of Arms of the Duke of Edinburgh, 1st quarter representing Denmark, 2nd quarter Greece, 3rd quarter the Mountbatten family, 4th quarter Edinburgh
Royal Standard of Queen Elizabeth, The Queen Mother.svg 1936–2002 Standard of Queen Elizabeth, consort of George VI The Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom impaled with the Arms of the Earl of Strathmore: ("bows" and "lions")
Royal Standard of Mary of Teck, Queen Consort.svg 1910–1953 Standard of Queen Mary, consort of George V The Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom impaled with the Arms of Prince Francis, Duke of Teck (the Queen's father) and Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge (the Queen's maternal grandfather)
Royal Standard of Alexandra of Denmark, Queen Consort.svg 1901–1928 Standard of Queen Alexandra, consort of Edward VII The Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom impaled with the Arms of the King of Denmark.
Royal Standard of Prince Albert (1857–1861).svg 1857–1861 Standard of Prince Albert, consort of Victoria The Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom defaced with a three-point label (with the second point charged with the Cross of St. George), quartered with the arms of Saxony.
Royal Standard of Queen Adelaide (1830–1849).svg 1830–1849 Standard of Queen Adelaide, consort of William IV The Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1816–1837) impaled with the arms of Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen.

Welsh Royal Standards[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Glyndwr's Banner.svg 1401–1416 Banner adopted by Owain Glyndŵr and thought to be derived from the counter-charged arms of the princely Houses of Mathrafal and Dinefwr. It is in use by the National Eisteddfod for Wales, Cymdeithas yr iaith and widely amongst independentist groups Quarterly Or and Gules, four Lions rampant counter-charged
Flag of Gwynedd.png c. 1195 – 1378 Banner of the princely House of Aberffraw and the Kingdom of Gwynedd famously used by Llywelyn the Great, Llywelyn ap Gruffudd and Owain Lawgoch. The Prince of Wales uses a version of this flag today emblazoned with a Crown on a green shield Quarterly Or and Gules, four Lions passant guardant counter-charged langued and armed Azur
Flag of Powys.svg c. 1100 – c. 1400 Banner of the princely House of Mathrafal used during the early Middle Ages by the rulers of Powys, Powys Wenwynwyn and later by their heirs the de la Pole (Powysian) dynasty. Modern use is rare Or a Lion rampant Gules langued and armed Azure
Flag of Deheubarth.svg c. 1100 – c. 1300 Banner of the princely House of Dinefwr and the Kingdom of Deheubarth, a realm which covered much of south Wales. The banner would have been used during the early Middle Ages and later by the Talbot dynasty who inherited the arms. Modern use is rare Gules a Lion rampant Or, a border engrailed of the last
Alternative Flag of Gwynedd.svg c. 1240 – 1282 Banner of the personal arms of Llywelyn ap Gruffudd Argent three Lions passant Gules
Flag of Powys Fadog.svg c. 1160 – c. 1350 Banner of Madog ap Gruffudd Maelor, and later the Banner of Powys Fadog Argent a Lion rampant Sable langued and armed Gules

Battle flags[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Cross of neith.svg 13th century Banner known as Y Groes Nawdd or "The Cross of Neith" said to have been the battle flag of Llywelyn ap Gruffudd (d. 1282) Purpure a celtic cross Or
Y Draig Aur Owain Glyndŵr.jpg c. 1400–1416 Banner known as the Y Ddraig Aur or 'Golden Dragon' which has ancient origins. It was famously raised over Caernarfon during the Battle of Tuthill in 1401 by Owain Glyndŵr Argent a dragon rampant Or

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Historic: gold and purple
    Alternative: gold and red
    Registered: gold and burgundy

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "About Us". College of Arms. Retrieved 22 December 2012. The College is also the authority for matters relating to the flying of flags, and holds the only official registers of flags for the UK and much of the Commonwealth.
  2. ^ "Scottish Heraldic Flags". The Court of the Lord Lyon. Retrieved 22 December 2012.
  3. ^ "UK Flag Registry". Flag Institute. Retrieved 22 December 2012.
  4. ^ "Plain English guide to flying flags" (PDF). Department for Communities and Local Government. November 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 October 2013.
  5. ^ "The Union Flags and flags of the United Kingdom" (PDF). Parliament.uk. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 July 2009. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
  6. ^ "Union Jack". Oxford English Dictionary (Online ed.). Oxford University Press. (Subscription or participating institution membership required.)
  7. ^ Flag Institute – England
  8. ^ Department of the Official Report (Hansard), House of Lords, Westminster. "Lords Hansard text for 18 Jan 200718 Jan 2007 (pt 0002)". Publications.parliament.uk. Retrieved 14 November 2012.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  9. ^ Flag Institute – Scotland
  10. ^ BBC Wales History: 'The dragon and war'
  11. ^ Dempsey, James (31 March 2017). "Why is there no Northern Irish flag in the new Emoji update?". News Talk. Retrieved 1 December 2019.
  12. ^ "Northern Ireland on". FIFA.com. 15 October 2012. Archived from the original on 14 June 2007. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
  13. ^ "Member associations –". Uefa.com. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
  14. ^ "Commonwealth Games Federation – Commonwealth Countries – Introduction". Thecgf.com. Archived from the original on 2 September 2017. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
  15. ^ Hansard, House of Commons, Westminster. "HC Deb 22 July 1986 vol 102 c111W: Northern Ireland Flag".{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  16. ^ Hansard, House of Commons, Westminster. "HC Deb 25 July 1986 vol 102 c571W: Flag of St. Patrick".{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  17. ^ Red Ensign Group
  18. ^ Red Ensign Group
  19. ^ Red Ensign Group – Gibraltar
  20. ^ Flags of the World Archived 17 January 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  21. ^ "Royal banners, Order of the Thistle | Flickr – Photo Sharing!". Flickr. 21 July 2008. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
  22. ^ "The Court of the Lord Lyon – The Lion Rampant Flag". Lyon-court.com. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
  23. ^ [1] Archived 24 October 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  24. ^ "Church of Ireland – A province of the Anglican Communion". Ireland.anglican.org. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
  25. ^ "Barra flag wins official recognition after long campaign". 23 November 2017.
  26. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Registered in the UK Flags Registry
  27. ^ a b c d e f g Granted by the Lord Lyon
  28. ^ "Isle_of_Portland". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  29. ^ of Isle of Portland
  30. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Bartram, Graham (2004). British Flags and Emblems. Tuckwell Press. pp. 64–65. ISBN 186232297X.
  31. ^ a b "Cumbria flag flying outside Eland House". Department for Communities and Local Government. 2010. Retrieved 24 November 2012.
  32. ^ "CABINET 19 NOVEMBER 2008 MINUTES". Hertfordshire County Council. 2008. Retrieved 24 November 2012.
  33. ^ a b "The Town and Country Planning (Control of Advertisements) (England) (Amendment) Regulations 2012". UK legislation. The National Archives. 2012. Retrieved 24 November 2012.
  34. ^ "Council flag plan causes flutter". BBC News. 26 September 2007.
  35. ^ "Cambridgeshire County Flag". Flags, Flagpoles And Banners. Retrieved 13 January 2013.
  36. ^ "County Durham, England". Flags of the World. 2015. Retrieved 5 June 2016.
  37. ^ "East Sussex County Flag". Flags, Flagpoles And Banners. Retrieved 13 January 2013.
  38. ^ "Greater London (England)".
  39. ^ "Greater Manchester". County Flags. Flying Colours Flagmakers. Archived from the original on 23 October 2013. Retrieved 11 August 2013.
  40. ^ "Herefordshire flag". Department for Communities and Local Government. 2010. Retrieved 25 November 2012.
  41. ^ "Leicestershire Flag | Free official image and info | UK Flag Registry". The Flag Institute. Retrieved 20 July 2021.
  42. ^ "Merseyside County Flag". Flags, Flagpoles And Banners. Retrieved 28 August 2013.
  43. ^ "Norfolk flag flying outside Eland House". Department for Communities and Local Government. 2010. Retrieved 25 November 2012.
  44. ^ "UK Flag Registry". Flaginstitute.org. 20 August 2012. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
  45. ^ a b c "County Durham flag with St Cuthbert's cross wins vote". BBC News. 21 November 2013. Retrieved 25 October 2014.
  46. ^ "South Yorkshire". County Flags. Flying Colours Flagmakers. Retrieved 11 August 2013.
  47. ^ "Staffordshire flag flying outside Eland House". Department for Communities and Local Government. 2010. Retrieved 25 November 2012.
  48. ^ "Tyne & Wear". County Flags. Flying Colours Flagmakers. Retrieved 11 August 2013.
  49. ^ "Warwickshire flag flying outside Eland House". Department for Communities and Local Government. 2010. Retrieved 25 November 2012.
  50. ^ "The Bear and Ragged Staff". Warwickshire County Record Office. Archived from the original on 22 October 2012. Retrieved 25 November 2012.
  51. ^ "County Record Office – Bear and Ragged Staff – Warwickshire Web". Warwickshire.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 22 October 2012. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
  52. ^ "West Sussex County Flag". Flags, Flagpoles And Banners. Retrieved 13 January 2013.
  53. ^ "Worcestershire flag flying outside Eland House". Department for Communities and Local Government. 2010. Retrieved 24 November 2012.
  54. ^ "Appleby". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  55. ^ "Belfast". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  56. ^ "Bexhill (Sussex)". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  57. ^ "Birmingham". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  58. ^ "Cardiff". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  59. ^ "Calne". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  60. ^ "Craig-y-Dorth". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  61. ^ "Digbeth". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  62. ^ "UK Flag Registry". Flaginstitute.org. 20 August 2012. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
  63. ^ "Edinburgh". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  64. ^ "Evenley". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  65. ^ "Finchfield". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  66. ^ "Flore". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  67. ^ "Hampton Poyle". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  68. ^ "Horningsea". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  69. ^ "Kingswinford". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  70. ^ "London". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  71. ^ "Nenthead". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  72. ^ "Newbury". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  73. ^ "Penrith". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  74. ^ "Petersfield". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  75. ^ "Pewsey". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  76. ^ "Poole". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  77. ^ "Preston". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  78. ^ "St Anne's". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  79. ^ "Community Flag". www.southampton.gov.uk. Retrieved 22 May 2022.
  80. ^ "Staining". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  81. ^ "Tywyn". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  82. ^ "Willenhall". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  83. ^ "Wing". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  84. ^ "Wreay". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  85. ^ "Wroxton". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  86. ^ "Plain English guide to flying flags" (PDF). Department for Communities and Local Government. p. 1. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016.
  87. ^ Chosen in a local competition
  88. ^ "Black Country". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  89. ^ "East Anglia". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  90. ^ Welcome to Tamworth
  91. ^ "Wessex". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  92. ^ "Anglesey". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  93. ^ "Bedfordshire". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  94. ^ "Berkshire". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  95. ^ "Buckinghamshire". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  96. ^ Flag was chosen in a BBC competition
  97. ^ "Caernarfonshire". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  98. ^ "Caithness". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  99. ^ Enrolled by the Lord Lyon on the Public Register of All Arms and Bearings in Scotland
  100. ^ "Cambridgeshire". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  101. ^ Flag was chosen in a public competition
  102. ^ "Cheshire". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  103. ^ "Cornwall". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  104. ^ "Cumberland". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  105. ^ "Derbyshire". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  106. ^ Flag was chosen in a BBC competition
  107. ^ "Devon". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  108. ^ Flag was chosen in a public competition
  109. ^ Dorset flag flying outside Eland House
  110. ^ "Dorset". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  111. ^ Flag was chosen in a public competition
  112. ^ "County Durham flag with St Cuthbert's cross wins vote". BBC News. 21 November 2013.
  113. ^ "County Durham". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  114. ^ Flag was chosen in a public competition
  115. ^ "East Lothian". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  116. ^ Flag was chosen in a public competition
  117. ^ "Essex". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  118. ^ "Flintshire". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  119. ^ "Glamorgan". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  120. ^ "Gloucestershire". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  121. ^ Flag was chosen in a public competition
  122. ^ "Hampshire". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  123. ^ "Herefordshire". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  124. ^ "Derbyshire". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  125. ^ A banner of the Council's arms
  126. ^ "Huntingdonshire". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  127. ^ "Kent Invicta Flag". The Flag Institute. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  128. ^ "Kent". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  129. ^ "Kirkcudbrightshire". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  130. ^ Enrolled by the Lord Lyon on the Public Register of All Arms and Bearings in Scotland
  131. ^ "Lancashire". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  132. ^ "Leicestershire". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  133. ^ "Lincolnshire". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  134. ^ Flag was chosen in a BBC competition
  135. ^ "Merioneth". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  136. ^ "Middlesex". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  137. ^ "Monmouthshire". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  138. ^ "Norfolk". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  139. ^ Northamptonshire – designed by Brady Ells.
  140. ^ "Northamptonshire". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  141. ^ Flag was chosen in a public competition
  142. ^ "Northumberland". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  143. ^ "Nottinghamshire". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  144. ^ Flag was chosen in a BBC competition
  145. ^ "Orkney". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  146. ^ Enrolled by the Lord Lyon on the Public Register of All Arms and Bearings in Scotland
  147. ^ "Oxfordshire". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  148. ^ "Pembrokeshire". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  149. ^ "Rutland". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  150. ^ "Shetland". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  151. ^ Enrolled by the Lord Lyon on the Public Register of All Arms and Bearings in Scotland
  152. ^ "Shropshire". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  153. ^ A banner of the Council's arms
  154. ^ "Somerset". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  155. ^ Flag was chosen in a public competition
  156. ^ "Staffordshire". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  157. ^ Flag was chosen in a public competition
  158. ^ "Suffolk". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  159. ^ "Surrey". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  160. ^ "Sussex". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  161. ^ 'Controversay over initial choice for the Sutherland flag': Michelle Henderson in The Press and Journal, Saturday, 15 December 2018
  162. ^ "Sutherland". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  163. ^ "Warwickshire". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  164. ^ "Westmorland". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  165. ^ "Wiltshire". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  166. ^ "Flying the flag for Wiltshire". Wiltshire Flag. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
  167. ^ "Latest News | Wiltshire Council". Wiltshire.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 20 March 2012. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
  168. ^ "Worcestershire". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  169. ^ Flag was chosen in a BBC competition
  170. ^ "Yorkshire". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  171. ^ New white rose East Riding flag unveiled at Beverley Minster Archived 1 December 2013 at archive.today – Hull Daily Mail
  172. ^ "East Riding". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  173. ^ Flag was chosen in a public competition
  174. ^ Flying the flag for the North Riding of Yorkshire – The Northern Echo
  175. ^ "North Riding". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  176. ^ Flag was chosen in a public competition
  177. ^ West Riding Flag – Winning Design – Yorkshire Boundary Society
  178. ^ "West Riding". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute.
  179. ^ Flag was chosen in a public competition
  180. ^ Portrayed flying over Edinburgh Castle c. 1693 in a print by John Slezer in Theatrum Scotiae
  181. ^ Described in 1707 by Henry St George as the Scotts union flagg as said to be used by the Scotts: de Burton, Simon (9 November 1999). "How Scots lost battle of the standard". The Scotsman. Johnston Press plc. Retrieved 30 June 2009.Partial view at Encyclopedia.com
  182. ^ William McMillan & John Alexander Stewart (1925). The story of the Scottish flag. H. Hopkins. p. 112. Google books: "This flag had official recognition"
  183. ^ Bartram, Graham (2005). British Flags & Emblems. Flag Institute/Tuckwell. p. 122. Google books: "Unofficial 1606 Scottish Union Flag"

External links[edit]