List of Croatian flags

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For more information on main flags see article: Flag of Croatia

This is a list of flags which have been, or are still today, used in Croatia or by Croats.

Current flags[edit]

National flag[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of Croatia.svg 21 December 1990–present Flag of Croatia Three equal horizontal fields, red on the top, white in the middle and blue on the bottom; the national coat of arms in the centre.

Presidential standard[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of the President of Croatia.svg 1 November 1990–present Standard of the President of Croatia A square blue field with a border of red and white squares; in the center a version of the national coat of arms and a red-white-blue ribbon with the letters "RH" (the initials of the country's full name in Croatian, Republika Hrvatska).

Maritime flags[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Civil Ensign of Croatia.svg Civil and state ensign of Croatia Identical to the national flag, but with 2:3 proportions.
Naval Ensign of Croatia.svg 1 March 1999–present Naval ensign of Croatia (ensign of the Croatian Navy) Same as the civil ensign, but with two crossed anchors behind the coat of arms.
Naval Jack of Croatia.svg 1 March 1999–present Naval jack of Croatia A blue field with red and white border, with the national coat of arms and two crossed anchors in the centre.

Historical National flags [edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of Croatia (1990).svg 27 June 1990–21 December 1990 Early flag of the Republic of Croatia (federal unit of Yugoslavia). Also flag of Croatian political opposition in exile 1945 - 1990 [1] Three equal horizontal fields, red on the top, white in the middle and blue on the bottom, Coat of arms of Croatia in the center of the middle field. The first field of the coat of arms was never specified in the Croatian constitution.
The flag used Republic of Croatia colors, proportions 1:2.
Flag of Croatia (1947–1990).svg 2 June 1945–27 June 1990 Flag of Socialist Republic of Croatia (subdivision of SFR Yugoslavia). A tricolour of red, white, and blue with a (golden-rimmed) red star in the center.
The flag used Yugoslav colors, proportions 1:2.
Croatian Partisans flag.svg 15 December 1943–2 June 1945 Flag of the Federal State of Croatia (subdivision of DF Yugoslavia) and also the Croatian branch of the Yugoslav Partisans, used during World War II. A tricolour of red, white, and blue with a red star in the center of middle field.
The flag used Yugoslav colors, proportions 1:2.
Early flag of the Yugoslav Partisans.svg 9 October 1941 –25 March 1942 "Flag of Croatian-Serbian friendship", an early flag of the Yugoslav Partisan movement Early flag of the Yugoslav Partisan movement, divided (left half Croat, right half Serb flag).
The flag used Yugoslav colors, proportions 2:3.
Civil Flag of Banovina of Croatia.svg 21 November 1939–17 October 1943 (21 January 1941) Flag of the Banovina of Croatia (subdivision of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia). Used de facto 1939-1941; legally valid 1939-1943. A tricolour of red, white, and blue.
The flag used Yugoslav colors, proportions 2:3.
Flag of Banate of Croatia (1939-1941).svg 21 November 1939–17 October 1943 (21 January 1941) Variant with coat of arms of the flag of the Banovina of Croatia A tricolour of red, white, and blue.
The flag used Yugoslav colors, proportions 2:3.
Flag of the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs.svg 1918 Flag of State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs A tricolour of red, white, and blue.
The flag used Yugoslav colors, proportions 1:2.
Flag of the Triune Kingdom of Croatia, Slavonia and Dalmatia.svg 1860–1918 Unofficial, but more common, flag of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia, which used a different crown on top of the shield.[2] A tricolour of red, white, and blue, with the composite coat of arms of the Triune Kingdom superimposed and centred
The flag used Croatian colors, proportions 2:3.
Flag of Croatia-Slavonia with CoA.svg 1860–1918 The tricolour was again made legal in Croatia, and in 1868, made the Flag of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia (subdivision of the Austria-Hungary). State flag, unofficial outside Croatia-Slavonia. A tricolour of red, white, and blue, with the composite coat of arms of the Triune Kingdom superimposed and centred
The flag used Croatian colors, proportions 2:3.
Flag of Croatia-Slavonia.svg 1860–1918 The tricolour was again made legal in Croatia, and in 1868, made the Civil flag the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia (subdivision of the Austria-Hungary)[3][4]. Civil flag, official on all levels. A tricolour of red, white, and blue.
The flag used Croatian colors, proportions 2:3.
Flag of the Kingdom of Croatia (Habsburg).svg 8 March 1852 – 1868 Flag of the Kingdom of Croatia (subdivision of the Austrian Empire). Official on all levels. Two bars of red and white.
The flag used Croatian colors, proportions 1:2.
Flag of the Triune Kingdom of Croatia, Slavonia and Dalmatia.svg 1848–1852 Flag of the Kingdom of Croatia (subdivision of the Austrian Empire). The flag was banned from 1852 to 1860.[5][4] A tricolour of red, white, and blue with the triune coat of arms in the center.
The flag used Croatian colors, proportions 1:2.

Royal Bans Standards[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Royal Bans Standard, Rauch, period 1868-1871.png 1868–1871 Royal bans Standard of Baron Levin Rauch Red-White-Blue flag, A-side Royal COA, B-side Bans family crest
Royal Bans Standard, Šokčević, 1860-1867.png 1860–1867 Royal bans Standard of Baron Josip Šokčević Red-White-Blue flag, A-side Royal COA, B-side Bans family crest
Royal Bans Standard, Jelačić, 1848-1859.png 1848–1859 Royal bans Standard of Count Josip Jelačić Bužimski Red-White-Blue flag, A-side Royal COA, B-side Bans family crest
Royal Bans Standard, State flag 1680.png 1680-1690 Royal bans Standard of Nikola III Erdody A-side Royal COA, B-side Bans family crest

Independent State of Croatia (1941–1945)[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of Independent State of Croatia.svg 1941–1945 Flag of the Independent State of Croatia (NDH) A tricolour of red, white, and blue with the Ustaše symbol in top-left corner (letter "U" surrounded by Croatian interlace) and the Croatian coat of arms (but with the first field white, as opposed to red) in the center.
The flag used Ustaše colors, proportions 2:3.
War flag of Independent State of Croatia.svg 1941–1945 War flag of the Independent State of Croatia (NDH). In use in pro Nazi Croatia 1941-1945 (n.b. illegal) A tricolour of red, white, and blue and the NDH coat of arms.
The flag used Ustaše colors, proportions 2:3.
Standard of the Poglavnik of NDH.svg 1941–1945 Standard of the Poglavnik (Head of State) of the Independent State of Croatia Standard of the Poglavnik of the Independent State of Croatia
Naval Ensign of the Independent State of Croatia.svg 1941–1944 Naval Ensign of the Independent State of Croatia 1941 (from 1944 Naval Jack) 2:3 squares 5×5 (total ratio 2:3)
Naval Jack of the Independent State of Croatia.svg 1944–1945 Naval Jack of the Independent State of Croatia 1944 (up to 1944 Naval Ensign variant) 2:3 squares 5×5 (total ratio 2:3)
Flag of the Air Force of the Independent State of Croatia.svg 1941–1945 Flag of the Air Force of the Independent State of Croatia
Flag of Minister of Armed Forces in Independent State of Croatia.svg 1941–1945 Flag of Minister of Armed Forces in Independent State of Croatia
Flag of Minister in Independent State of Croatia.svg 1941–1945 Flag of Minister in Independent State of Croatia
Flag of Vojskovodja (Marchal) in Independent State of Croatia.svg 1941–1945 Flag of Vojskovođa (Marchal) in Independent State of Croatia
Flag of Commander of the Armed Forces in Independent State of Croatia.svg 1941–1945 Flag of Commander of the Armed Forces in Independent State of Croatia
Flag of Admiral in Independent State of Croatia.svg 1941–1945 Flag of Admiral in Independent State of Croatia
Flag of Vice-admiral in Independent State of Croatia.svg 1941–1945 Flag of Vice-admiral in Independent State of Croatia
Flag of Rear Admiral in Independent State of Croatia.svg 1941–1945 Flag of Rear Admiral in Independent State of Croatia
Flag of General of the infantry, artillery, etc in Independent State of Croatia.svg 1941–1945 Flag of General of the infantry, artillery, etc. in Independent State of Croatia
Flag of Lieutenant General in Independent State of Croatia.svg 1941–1945 Flag of Lieutenant General in Independent State of Croatia
Flag of General in Independent State of Croatia.svg 1941–1945 Flag of General in Independent State of Croatia

Historical regional flags[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of the Kingdom of Dalmatia.svg 1820–1918 Flag of the Kingdom of Dalmatia Two horizontal bars of blue and gold. Proportions 1:2.
Flag of the Kingdom of Slavonia.svg 1852–1868 Flag of the Kingdom of Slavonia Two horizontal bars of blue and silver. Proportions 1:2
Flag of the Free State of Fiume.svg 1779–1924 Flag of Corpus separatum Rijeka Historical flag of the city of Rijeka
Flag of the Austrian Littoral.svg 1849–1918 Flag of Margraviate of Istria in the Austrian Littoral Historical flag of the region of Istria
St. Blaise - National Flag of the Ragusan Republic.png 1358–1808 Flag of Republic of Dubrovnik Saint Blaise, patron saint of Dubrovnik, today the official flag of the City of Dubrovnik

Historical flags (medieval)[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Talovac.png 1444 Flag of Croatian troops in Varna battle Banner of Croatian soldiers (white flag with black cross) under leadership of Franko Talovac in the battle of Varna
Rafael Herceg.png 1444 Flag of Croatian troops in Varna battle Banner (black flag) of Rafael Herczeg's banderium, bishop of Bosnia, in the battle of Varna
Sah zastava.png 1526 Flag of Croatian troops in Mohacs battle Banner of Croatian troops (chessboard) in battle of Mohacs, carried by one of the captains of Croatian ban
Sv Andrija.png 1526 Flag of Croatian troops in Mohacs battle Banner of Croatian troops (St. Andrew's Cross) in battle of Mohacs, carried by one of the captains of Croatian ban
H kriz.png 1526 Flag of Croatian troops in Mohacs battle Banner of Croatian troops (red with a cross) in battle of Mohacs, carried by one of the captains of Croatian ban
Dvojna s krizem.png 1526 Flag of Croatian troops in Mohacs battle Banner of Croatian troops (divided in two halves, upper is red with cross, lower is white-red) in battle of Mohacs, carried by one of the captains of Croatian ban
Arpadovska.png 1526 Flag of Croatian troops in Mohacs battle Banner of Croatian troops (arpadian) in battle of Mohacs, carried by one of the captains of Croatian ban
Koplja.png 1526 Flag of Croatian troops in Mohacs battle Banner of Croatian troops (divided on red and white with spears) in battle of Mohacs, carried by one of the captains of Croatian ban
Ugarska.png 1526 Flag of Croatian troops in Mohacs battle Banner of Croatian troops (Hungarian) in battle of Mohacs, carried by one of the captains of Croatian ban

Subnational flags[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Zastava bjelovarsko bilogorske zupanije.gif Flag of Bjelovar-Bilogora County A horizontal bicolor of yellow and green with the county's coat of arms in the center
Flag of Brod-Posavina County.svg Flag of Brod-Posavina County A blue field with two diagonal white stripes and the county's coat of arms in the center[6]
Flag of Dubrovnik-Neretva County.png Flag of Dubrovnik-Neretva County A horizontal bicolor of red and white with the county's coat of arms in the center
Zastava Istarske županije.svg Flag of Istria County A horizontal bicolor of blue and green with the county's coat of arms in the center[7]
Flag of Karlovac county.svg Flag of Karlovac County A horizontal bicolor of red and yellow with the county's coat of arms in the center
Flag of Koprivnica-Križevci County.png Flag of Koprivnica-Križevci County Orthogonally quartered red and blue with the county's coat of arms in the center
Flag of Krapina-Zagorje-County.svg Flag of Krapina-Zagorje County A red field with narrow gold stripes at the top and bottom and the county's coat of arms in the center[8]
Flag of Lika-Senj County.png Flag of Lika-Senj County Unequal horizontal triband of blue and white with the county's coat of arms in the center[9]
Flag of Medjimurje.svg Flag of Međimurje County A vertical bicolor of white and red with the county's coat of arms in the center
Zastava Osječko-baranjske županije.png Flag of Osijek-Baranja County Five unequal horizontal stripes of white and blue with the county's coat of arms in the center[10]
Flag of Požega-Slavonia County.png Flag of Požega-Slavonia County Unequal horizontal triband of green and yellow with the county's coat of arms in the center
Flag of Primorje-Gorski Kotar County.png Flag of Primorje-Gorski Kotar County A sky blue field with the county's coat of arms between two thin white horizontal stripes[11]
Flag of Šibenik-Knin County.png Flag of Šibenik-Knin County A blue field with the county's coat of arms between two thin white horizontal stripes[12]
Flag of Sisak-Moslavina County.png Flag of Sisak-Moslavina County A blue field with narrow red and white stripes along either the hoist or the top side and the county's coat of arms in the center[13]
Flag of Split-Dalmatia County.svg Flag of Split-Dalmatia County Unequal vertical stripes of yellow and blue with the county's coat of arms in the center of the yellow part[14]
Flag of Varaždin County.png Flag of Varaždin County Five horizontal stripes of red and white with the county's coat of arms at the hoist side[15]
Flag of Virovitica-Podravina County.png Flag of Virovitica-Podravina County Horizontal triband of blue and white with the county's coat of arms in the center[16]
Flag of Vukovar-Syrmia County.svg Flag of Vukovar-Srijem County Seven horizontal stripes of yellow and white with the county's coat of arms in the center[17]
Flag of Zadar County.png Flag of Zadar County Two white and blue horizontal stripes separated by a wavy line, with the county's coat of arms in the center[18]
Zagreb County.png Flag of Zagreb County Five horizontal stripes of green and white with the county's coat of arms in the center[19]
Flag of Zagreb.svg Flag of the City of Zagreb The city's coat of arms on a blue field.[20]

Other[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Early flag of the Yugoslav Partisans.svg 1905–1918 Flag of the Serb-Croatian friendship A combination of the Croatian and Serbian tricolors, with a green crest of two shaking hands (not displayed)
Flag of the Croatian Republic of Herzeg-Bosnia.svg 1992–1994 Flag of the Croatian Republic of Herzeg-Bosnia A tricolor of red, white, and blue with the coat of arms of Herzeg-Bosnia in the center
Flag of Serbian national minority in Croatia.svg 9 April 2005–present Flag of the Serbs of Croatia The Serbian tricolor (a horizontal triband of red, blue and white)
Flag of Italy.svg Flag of the Italians of Croatia The flag of Italy (a vertical triband of green, white, and red)

References[edit]

  1. ^ SRH preimenovana u RH [Socialist Republic of Croatia is renamed to Republic of Croatia] (Motion picture, TV kalendar). Zagreb, Croatia: Croatian Radiotelevision. 1990-06-20.
  2. ^ Jelena Boršak-Marijanović, Zastave kroz stoljeća (Flags thru the centuries), Croatian His0ory Museum, Zagreb, 1996, p. 110
  3. ^ Heimer, Željko. "Hrvatska-povijesne zastave". zeljko-heimer-fame.from.hr. Retrieved 2 March 2019.
  4. ^ a b Heimer, Željko; Zdvořák, Janko Ehrlich. "Croatia in the Habsburg Empire". crwflags.com. Retrieved 4 March 2019.
  5. ^ Heimer, Željko. "Hrvatska-povijesne zastave". zeljko-heimer-fame.from.hr. Retrieved 2 March 2019.
  6. ^ Brodsko-posavska županija: Grb i zastava (in Croatian)
  7. ^ Istarska županija: Grb i zastava (in Croatian)
  8. ^ Službeni Glasnik Krapinsko-Zagorske Županije, Article 9 (in Croatian)
  9. ^ Ličko-senjska županija: Opći podatci (in Croatian)
  10. ^ Znamenja Osječko-baranjske županije/The Symbols of Osijek-Baranja County (in Croatian) (in English)
  11. ^ Primorsko-goranska županija: Službena obilježja (in Croatian)
  12. ^ Šibensko-kninska županija: Grb i zastava (in Croatian)
  13. ^ Sisačko-moslavačka županija: Zastava i grb (in Croatian) An image of the flag with horizontal stripes is shown, but the accompanying text says the red and white stripes should be vertical and at the left ("Zastava započinje s lijeva crvenom okomitom trakom").
  14. ^ Splitsko-dalmatinska županija: Grb i zastava Archived 2016-03-08 at the Wayback Machine, Article 3 (in Croatian)
  15. ^ Varaždinska županija: Opće informacije (in Croatian)
  16. ^ Virovitičko-podravska županija: Heraldika (in Croatian)
  17. ^ Vukovarsko-srijemska županija: Osnovni podaci (in Croatian)
  18. ^ Zadarske županija: Zastava i grb Zadarske županije Archived 2015-06-11 at the Wayback Machine (in Croatian)
  19. ^ Zagrebačka županija: Grb i zastava (in Croatian)
  20. ^ Grb i zastava Grada Zagreba (in Croatian)

External links[edit]