Flags of Tamils

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This is a list of Historical and Modern flags used by the Tamil People.

Historical Tamil flags[edit]

State Flag Image Description
Pandya Dynasty Twin fish Twin fish flag of Pandyas.svg According to legend, the goddess Meenakshi was born as the daughter of a Pandya king. Her eyes had the shape of a fish and remember the emblem of the Pandyas.[1]
Chola Dynasty Jumping Tiger Chola flag.png The tiger flag of Chola is mentioned in Periya Puranam.[2][3]
Chera Dynasty Bow and Arrow Flag of Chera dynasty.svg The Chera kings had the title Villavar Kon, the Villavar clan founded the ancient Chera Kingdom. Villavar means archer in Tamil.[4]
Pallava Dynasty Nandi and Simha Simha flag of Pallava Kingdom.png The Pallava royal insignia was the Simha (lion) and Nandi (bull) which was changeable. Narashimavarman used the lion as his emblem and Nandivarman preferred the Nandi. Under the reign of Parameswaravarman was Khatvanga (Skull mace) added to Pallava emblem.[5]
Ay Kingdom Elephant The Cheras took over the elephant emblem after the conquest of Ay Kingdom.
Aryacakravarti dynasty Nandi The emblem of Aryacakravarti depicting a white Nandi with sun and moon on a traditional yellow background.[6][7]
Vanniar (Chieftain) Crossed Swords Pandara Vanniyan vector flag.svg The flag of Pandara Vanniyan the Last Tamil Ruler of Vannimai was Crossed Swords.The Vanniyar Caste used crossed swords and Agni Kundam as their emblem.
Pudukkottai state Lion Pudukkottai flag.svg The emblem of Pudukkottai state was a Lion with Hanuman flag in its right fore paw on a green background.

Modern Tamil flags[edit]

Sri Lankan Tamil flags[edit]

Name Image Description
Sri Lankan Tamil Ethnic flag Bicolor flag of Tamil Eelam.svg The Sri Lankan Tamils use a horizontally split flag in red and yellow. These colors are considered as the national color of the unrecognized state of Tamil Eelam.[8]
Flag of Tamil Eelam V8 Supercar, Sydney Telstra 500 Launch @ Martin Place 16.05.09.jpg Another famous flag of Sri Lankan Tamils is the Puli Kodi (tiger flag). The flag has emblem depicting a tiger jumping through a circle of bullets, with crossed black bayonets on a red background. This flag has its origin from the Tamil separation movement in Sri Lanka. The tiger symbol was adopted from the emblem of the Chola Empire, it should reflect the martial history (Veera varalaru) and the national upheaval of the Tamils. The crossed bayonets were based on the historical crossed sword emblem of Vannimai and represent the armed resistance. This flag was created by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) in 1977 and was later in 1990 designated as the National flag of Tamil Eelam. Today, the flag is often seen in Tamil diaspora protests all over the world.[9]


  1. ^ "Sri Meenakchi (Parvathi)". Hindu Society of Minnesota. Retrieved 13 May 2014. 
  2. ^ Sekkizhar: “Chola of Cauvery country
  3. ^ Glimpses of life in 12th century South India
  4. ^ R. Leela Devi, History of Kerala (1986), p.106
  5. ^ R. Rajalakshmi (Ph. D.), Tamil Polity, p50
  6. ^ Perera, H., Ceylon & Indian History from Early Times to 1505 A. D, p353
  7. ^ Coddrington, H., Ceylon Coins and Currency, p74-75
  8. ^ Guha, Ramachandra. An Anthropologist Among the Marxists and Other Essays. p. 108. 
  9. ^ "Tamil Eelam National Flag". Retrieved 31 July 2014.