Flags of the U.S. states and territories

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Flags of the U.S. states)
Jump to: navigation, search
Map showing the U.S. state flags of the 50 states

The flags of the U.S. states, territories and federal district exhibit a variety of regional influences and local histories, as well as different styles and design principles. Nonetheless, the majority of the states' flags share the same design pattern consisting of the state seal superimposed on a monochrome background, commonly blue.

The most recent current state flag is that of Utah (February 16, 2011), while the most recent current territorial flag is that of the Northern Mariana Islands (July 1, 1985).


History[edit]

Modern U.S. state flags date from the 1890s, when states wanted to have distinctive symbols at the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois. Most U.S. state flags were designed and adopted between 1893 and World War I.[1]

According to a 2001 survey by the North American Vexillological Association, New Mexico has the best-designed flag of any U.S. state, U.S. territory, or Canadian province, while Georgia's state flag was rated the worst design.[2] (Georgia adopted a new flag in 2003; Nebraska's state flag, whose design was rated second worst, remains in use to date.) About half the flags have a common "seal on a bed sheet" design, wherein the state seal is simply put on a solid, usually blue, background. Such flags consistently get the lowest ranks from the Vexillological Association.

Current state flags[edit]

Dates in parentheses denote when the current flag was adopted by the state's legislature.

[5][N 1]

Flag of Alabama(February 16, 1895)[3]
Flag of Alabama
(February 16, 1895)[3]
Flag of Alaska (July 6, 1927)
Flag of Alaska
(July 6, 1927)
Flag of Arizona (January 25, 1917)
Flag of Arizona
(January 25, 1917)
Flag of Arkansas (March 16, 1924)
Flag of Arkansas
(March 16, 1924)
Flag of California (February 3, 1911)
Flag of California
(February 3, 1911)
Flag of Colorado (March 31, 1964)
Flag of Colorado
(March 31, 1964)
Flag of Connecticut (September 9, 1897)
Flag of Connecticut
(September 9, 1897)
Flag of Delaware (July 24, 1913)
Flag of Delaware
(July 24, 1913)
Flag of Florida(May 21, 1985)
Flag of Florida
(May 21, 1985)
Flag of Georgia (February 19, 2003)
Flag of Georgia
(February 19, 2003)
Flag of Hawaii (December 29, 1845)
Flag of Hawaii
(December 29, 1845)
Flag of Idaho (November 2, 1957)
Flag of Idaho
(November 2, 1957)
Flag of Illinois (June 27, 1969)
Flag of Illinois
(June 27, 1969)
Flag of Indiana (May 31, 1917)
Flag of Indiana
(May 31, 1917)
Flag of Iowa (March 12, 1921)
Flag of Iowa
(March 12, 1921)
Flag of Kansas (September 22, 1961)
Flag of Kansas
(September 22, 1961)
Flag of Kentucky (March 26, 1918)
Flag of Kentucky
(March 26, 1918)
Flag of Louisiana (November 22, 2010)[4]
Flag of Louisiana
(November 22, 2010)[4]
Flag of Maine (June 16, 1909)
Flag of Maine
(June 16, 1909)
Flag of Maryland (November 25, 1904)
Flag of Maryland
(November 25, 1904)
Flag of Massachusetts (March 21, 1971)
Flag of Massachusetts
(March 21, 1971)
Flag of Michigan (June 26, 1911)
Flag of Michigan
(June 26, 1911)
Flag of Minnesota (August 2, 1983)
Flag of Minnesota
(August 2, 1983)
Flag of Mississippi (April 23, 1894, and February 7, 2001; see notes)[5]
Flag of Mississippi
(April 23, 1894, and February 7, 2001; see notes)[5]
Flag of Missouri (September 4, 1913)
Flag of Missouri
(September 4, 1913)
Flag of Montana (December 17, 1981)
Flag of Montana
(December 17, 1981)
Flag of Nebraska (July 16, 1963)
Flag of Nebraska
(July 16, 1963)
Flag of Nevada (July 25, 1991)
Flag of Nevada
(July 25, 1991)
Flag of New Hampshire (November 30, 1931)
Flag of New Hampshire
(November 30, 1931)
Flag of New Jersey (January 15, 1896)
Flag of New Jersey
(January 15, 1896)
Flag of New Mexico (September 18, 1920)
Flag of New Mexico
(September 18, 1920)
Flag of New York (April 1, 1901)
Flag of New York
(April 1, 1901)
Flag of North Carolina (June 24, 1991)[6]
Flag of North Carolina
(June 24, 1991)[6]
Flag of North Dakota (November 9, 1943)
Flag of North Dakota
(November 9, 1943)
Flag of Ohio (May 9, 1902)
Flag of Ohio
(May 9, 1902)
Flag of Oklahoma (November 1, 2006)[7][8]
Flag of Oklahoma
(November 1, 2006)[7][8]
Flag of Oregon (obverse) (April 15, 1925)[9]
Flag of Oregon (obverse)
(April 15, 1925)[9]
Flag of Oregon (reverse)
Flag of Oregon (reverse)
Flag of Pennsylvania (April 24, 1907)
Flag of Pennsylvania
(April 24, 1907)
Flag of Rhode Island (July 27, 1640, formally November 1, 1897)
Flag of Rhode Island
(July 27, 1640, formally November 1, 1897)
Flag of South Carolina (September 28, 1861)
Flag of South Carolina
(September 28, 1861)
Flag of South Dakota (November 9, 1992)
Flag of South Dakota
(November 9, 1992)
Flag of Tennessee (February 3, 1905)
Flag of Tennessee
(February 3, 1905)
Flag of Texas (August 31, 1933)
Flag of Texas
(August 31, 1933)
Flag of Utah (February 16, 2011)[10][11][12][13]
Flag of Utah
(February 16, 2011)[10][11][12][13]
Flag of Vermont (April 17, 1923)
Flag of Vermont
(April 17, 1923)
Flag of Virginia (February 1, 1950)[14]
Flag of Virginia
(February 1, 1950)[14]
Flag of Washington[15] (August 25, 1923)
Flag of Washington[15]
(August 25, 1923)
Flag of West Virginia (November 6, 1929)
Flag of West Virginia
(November 6, 1929)
Flag of Wisconsin (May 1, 1981)[16]
Flag of Wisconsin
(May 1, 1981)[16]
Flag of Wyoming (March 4, 1917)
Flag of Wyoming
(March 4, 1917)

Current federal district and territory flags[edit]

These are the current flags of the federal district and territories of the United States. Dates in parenthesis denote when the district or territory's current flag was adopted by its respective political body.

 American Samoa (territory)(April 17, 1960)
American Samoa (territory)
(April 17, 1960)
 District of Columbia (federal district)(October 15, 1938)
District of Columbia (federal district)
(October 15, 1938)
 Guam (territory)(February 9, 1948)
Guam (territory)
(February 9, 1948)
 Northern Mariana Islands (commonwealth in political union)(July 1, 1985)
Northern Mariana Islands (commonwealth in political union)
(July 1, 1985)
 Puerto Rico (territory with commonwealth status)(July 24, 1952)
Puerto Rico (territory with commonwealth status)
(July 24, 1952)
 U.S. Virgin Islands (territory)(May 17, 1921)
U.S. Virgin Islands (territory)
(May 17, 1921)

The U.S. national flag is the official flag for all islands, atolls, and reefs composing the United States Minor Outlying Islands. However, unofficial flags are in use on five of these nine insular areas:

 Johnston Atoll
Johnston Atoll
 Midway Atoll
Midway Atoll
 Navassa Island
Navassa Island
 Palmyra Atoll
Palmyra Atoll
 Wake Island
Wake Island

Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island and Kingman Reef do not have flags.

Current state ensigns[edit]

Maine and Massachusetts have ensigns differing from the state flag for use at sea.

Naval and Maritime Flag of Massachusetts (1971)
Naval and Maritime Flag of Massachusetts
(1971)
Merchant and Marine Flag of Maine (1939)
Merchant and Marine Flag of Maine
(1939)

Historical state flags[edit]

Former state flags[edit]

Flag of Arkansas(February 26, 1913 – 1923)
Flag of Arkansas
(February 26, 1913 – 1923)
Flag of Arkansas(1923–24)
Flag of Arkansas
(1923–24)
Flag of Florida(September 1868 – November 1900)[17]
Flag of Florida
(September 1868 – November 1900)[17]
Flag of Florida(November 1900 – May 1985)[17]
Flag of Florida
(November 1900 – May 1985)[17]
Flag of Georgia(unofficial, pre-1879)
Flag of Georgia
(unofficial, pre-1879)
Flag of Georgia(1879–1902)
Flag of Georgia
(1879–1902)
Flag of Georgia(1902–06)
Flag of Georgia
(1902–06)
Flag of Georgia(1906–20)
Flag of Georgia
(1906–20)
Flag of Georgia(1920–56)
Flag of Georgia
(1920–56)
Flag of Georgia(1956–2001)
Flag of Georgia
(1956–2001)
Flag of Georgia(2001–03)
Flag of Georgia
(2001–03)
Flag of Illinois(1915–69)
Flag of Illinois
(1915–69)
Flag of Louisiana(January 1861, unofficial)
Flag of Louisiana
(January 1861, unofficial)
Flag of Louisiana(February 1861 – 1912)[18]
Flag of Louisiana
(February 1861 – 1912)[18]
Flag of Massachusetts(pre-1971, reverse)
Flag of Massachusetts
(pre-1971, reverse)
Flag of Maine(1901 – June 16, 1909)
Flag of Maine
(1901 – June 16, 1909)
Flag of Minnesota (obverse)(February 28, 1893 – August 1957)
Flag of Minnesota (obverse)
(February 28, 1893 – August 1957)
Flag of Minnesota (reverse)(February 28, 1893 – August 1957)
Flag of Minnesota (reverse)
(February 28, 1893 – August 1957)
Flag of Minnesota(August 1957 – August 1983)
Flag of Minnesota
(August 1957 – August 1983)
Flag of Mississippi(1861–94)
Flag of Mississippi
(1861–94)
Flag of Mississippi(1894–1996)
Flag of Mississippi
(1894–1996)
Flag of Mississippi(1996–2001)
Flag of Mississippi
(1996–2001)
Flag of New Mexico(1912–25)
Flag of New Mexico
(1912–25)
Flag of New York(1788 – April 2, 1901)
Flag of New York
(1788 – April 2, 1901)
Flag of Nevada(July 20, 1905 – 1929)
Flag of Nevada
(July 20, 1905 – 1929)
Flag of North Carolina(March 1885 – June 24, 1991)
Flag of North Carolina
(March 1885 – June 24, 1991)
Flag of Oklahoma(1911–25)
Flag of Oklahoma
(1911–25)
Flag of Oklahoma(1925–41)
Flag of Oklahoma
(1925–41)
Flag of Oklahoma(1941–88)
Flag of Oklahoma
(1941–88)
Flag of Oklahoma(1988–2006)
Flag of Oklahoma
(1988–2006)
Flag of Rhode Island(1882–97)
Flag of Rhode Island
(1882–97)
Flag of South Carolina(1775–1861)
Flag of South Carolina
(1775–1861)
Flag of South Dakota(1909–63)
Flag of South Dakota
(1909–63)
Flag of South Dakota(1963–92)
Flag of South Dakota
(1963–92)
Flag of Utah(March 1903 – 1913)
Flag of Utah
(March 1903 – 1913)
Flag of Utah(1913 – February 16, 2011)
Flag of Utah
(1913 – February 16, 2011)
Flag of the Vermont Republic and State(June 1, 1770 – June 13, 1804)
Flag of the Vermont Republic and State
(June 1, 1770 – June 13, 1804)
Flag of Vermont(June 14, 1804 – April 3, 1837)
Flag of Vermont
(June 14, 1804 – April 3, 1837)
Flag of Vermont(April 6, 1837 – April 16, 1923)
Flag of Vermont
(April 6, 1837 – April 16, 1923)
Flag of Virginia(1861–1950)
Flag of Virginia
(1861–1950)
Flag of West Virginia(1905–07)
Flag of West Virginia
(1905–07)
Flag of West Virginia(1907–29)
Flag of West Virginia
(1907–29)
Flag of Wisconsin(1866–1913)
Flag of Wisconsin
(1866–1913)
Flag of Wisconsin(1913–81)
Flag of Wisconsin
(1913–81)

American Civil War[edit]

Flag of Alabama(November 7, 1861 – November 12, 1865, obverse)[3]
Flag of Alabama
(November 7, 1861 – November 12, 1865, obverse)[3]
Flag of Alabama(November 7, 1861 – November 12, 1865, reverse)[3]
Flag of Alabama
(November 7, 1861 – November 12, 1865, reverse)[3]
Flag of Florida(September 27, 1861, unofficial)
Flag of Florida
(September 27, 1861, unofficial)
Flag of Mississippi(April 15, 1861 – April 22, 1865)
Flag of Mississippi
(April 15, 1861 – April 22, 1865)
Flag of North Carolina(March 16, 1861 – March 1, 1885)
Flag of North Carolina
(March 16, 1861 – March 1, 1885)

Texas Revolution[edit]

Flag of the Republic of Texas (June 10, 1836 – June 29, 1839)
Flag of the Republic of Texas (June 10, 1836 – June 29, 1839)
Come and Take It flag
Come and Take It flag
Texas Lone Star and Stripes
Texas Lone Star and Stripes
The Dodson Flag
The Dodson Flag
The Alamo Flag
The Alamo Flag
The Ensign of the First Texas Navy (1836–38)
The Ensign of the First Texas Navy (1836–38)

Other[edit]

Flag of West Florida(August 10, 1810)
Flag of West Florida
(August 10, 1810)
Flag of the California Republic(April 10, 1846)
Flag of the California Republic
(April 10, 1846)
California Lone Star Flag(April 14, 1836)
California Lone Star Flag
(April 14, 1836)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The Mississippi flag was first adopted in April 1894. However, it was repealed in 1906, remaining in de facto usage until its official re-adoption in April 2001.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Artimovich, Nick. "Questions & Answers". North American Vexillological Association. p. 8. Archived from the original on April 17, 2007. Retrieved 2007-03-20. 
  2. ^ Kaye, Ted (2001-06-10). "NEW MEXICO TOPS STATE/PROVINCIAL FLAGS SURVEY, GEORGIA LOSES BY WIDE MARGIN". North American Vexillological Association. Archived from the original on October 19, 2013. Retrieved 2007-10-07. 
  3. ^ a b c "State Flag of Alabama". Alabama Emblems, Symbols and Honors. Alabama Department of Archives & History. 2006-04-27. Retrieved 2007-03-18. 
  4. ^ Anderson, Ed (November 22, 2010). "New Louisiana state flag with bleeding pelican is unfurled". The Times-Picayune. Archived from the original on November 24, 2010. Retrieved November 24, 2010. 
  5. ^ a b State of Mississippi (February 7, 2001). "Miss. Code Ann. § 3-3-16: Design of state flag". Mississippi Code of 1972. LexisNexis. HISTORY: SOURCES: Laws, 2001, ch. 301, § 2, eff from and after February 7, 2001 (the date the United States Attorney General interposed no objection under Section 5 of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, to the addition of this section.) 
  6. ^ "Official State Symbols of North Carolina". North Carolina State Library. State of North Carolina. Retrieved 2008-01-26. 
  7. ^ "The Oklahoma State Flag". NetState. NState, LLC. February 6, 2014. Retrieved January 26, 2015. Colors shall be colorfast and shall not bleed one into another. Added by Laws 1925, c. 234, p. 340, § 1. Amended by Laws 1941, p. 90, § 1; Laws 2006, c. 181, § 1, eff. Nov. 1, 2006. 
  8. ^ "Enrolled Senate Bill No. 1359". Oklahoma State Courts Network. May 23, 2006. Retrieved January 26, 2015. This act shall become effective November 1, 2006. 
  9. ^ Text states that Oregon adopted its flag in 1925
  10. ^ Dan Bammes (2011-02-17). "Legislature: Fixing the Flag". KUER-FM. Retrieved 2011-02-17. 
  11. ^ "Utah State Flag Concurrent Resolution, 2011 General Session, State of Utah". Retrieved February 17, 2011. 
  12. ^ Keith McCord (12 February 2011). "Resolution aims to correct state flag goof". KSL-TV. Retrieved 16 February 2011. 
  13. ^ Dennis Romboy (9 March 2011). "Utahns celebrate first State Flag Day". KSL-TV. Retrieved 10 March 2011. 
  14. ^ Commonwealth of Virginia (February 1, 1950). "§ 1-506. Flag of the Commonwealth.". Code of Virginia. Virginia: Commonwealth of Virginia. Retrieved January 28, 2015. The flag of the Commonwealth shall be a deep blue field, with a circular white centre of the same material. Upon this circle shall be painted or embroidered, to show on both sides alike, the coat of arms of the Commonwealth, as described in § 1-500 for the obverse of the great seal of the Commonwealth; and there may be a white fringe on the outer edge, furthest from the flagstaff. This shall be known and respected as the flag of the Commonwealth. (Code 1950, § 7-32; 1966, c. 102, § 7.1-32; 2005, c. 839.) 
  15. ^ "Symbols of Washington State". Washington State Legislature. Archived from the original on 2007-03-05. Retrieved 2007-03-11. 
  16. ^ State of Wisconsin. "286". Section: 1.08: State flag. Laws of 1979. Retrieved August 21, 2015. The department of administration shall ensure that all official state flags that are manufactured on or after May 1, 1981, conform to the requirements of this section. State flags manufactured before May 1, 1981, may continue to be used as state flags. 
  17. ^ a b Florida Constitution Revision Commission (August 4, 2005). "Amendments, Election of 11-6-1900". The Florida State University. Retrieved March 13, 2013. 
  18. ^ [1] While this flag was officially adopted by Louisiana in 1861 there is no indication that it actually flew over state buildings up to 1912. In that year (1912) the blue pelican flag was officially adopted after nearly 100 years of unofficial use.

External links[edit]