Flamborough Head Lighthouse

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Flamborough Head Lighthouse
Flamborough Lighthouse.JPG
Flamborough Head Lighthouse
Flamborough Head Lighthouse is located in East Riding of Yorkshire
Flamborough Head Lighthouse
East Riding of Yorkshire
Location Flamborough
Yorkshire
England
Coordinates 54°6′58.7″N 0°4′57.6″W / 54.116306°N 0.082667°W / 54.116306; -0.082667Coordinates: 54°6′58.7″N 0°4′57.6″W / 54.116306°N 0.082667°W / 54.116306; -0.082667
Year first constructed 1669 (first, Chalk Tower)
Year first lit 1806 (current)
Automated 1996
Construction brick tower
Tower shape cylindrical tower with double balcony and lantern (current)
octagonal prism tower (first)
Markings / pattern white tower and lantern (current)
white tower (first)
Height 26.5 metres (87 ft) (current)[1]
24 metres (79 ft) (first)
Focal height 65 metres (213 ft) [2]
Current lens 1st order catadioptric rotating
Intensity 433,000 candela[3]
Range 24 nmi (44 km; 28 mi)
Characteristic Fl (4) W 15s.
Fog signal 2 blasts every 90s.
Admiralty number A2582
NGA number 1964
ARLHS number ENG 042
Managing agent East Riding of Yorkshire Council[4]

Flamborough Head Lighthouse is an active lighthouse located at Flamborough, Yorkshire. England. Flamborough Head Lighthouse acts as a waypoint for passing deep sea vessels and coastal traffic, and marks Flamborough Head for vessels heading towards Scarborough and Bridlington.

History[edit]

The first lighthouse on Flamborough Head from 1669 was never lit.[5] The present lighthouse, designed by Samuel Wyatt and costing £8,000 to build, was first lit on 1 December 1806. The current electric fog signal was installed in 1975, replacing older equipment. In the past, warnings in foggy weather were provided by rockets, discharged every 5 minutes and reaching an altitude of 600 feet (180 m). The last lighthouse keepers left on 8 May 1996. Trinity House operate tours of the lighthouse seasonally.[6] This is now a Grade II listed building.[7]

The chalk tower near Flamborough Head

The first lighthouse, built by Sir John Clayton, was completed in 1674 and is one of the oldest surviving complete lighthouse in England. Built from chalk, it was never lit. This is now a Grade II* listed building.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Flamborough Head Lighthouse Trinity House. Retrieved 24 April 2016
  2. ^ Flamborough Head Lighthouse Trinity House. Retrieved 24 April 2016
  3. ^ Flamborough Head Lighthouse Trinity House. Retrieved 24 April 2016
  4. ^ Flamborough Head The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 24 April 2016
  5. ^ "Lighthouse reopens to public after maintenance checks". The Yorkshire Post. 28 July 2010. Retrieved 21 June 2015. 
  6. ^ "Flamborough Lighthouse". Trinity House. Retrieved 17 November 2014. 
  7. ^ Historic England. "The Lighthouse (1083399)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 17 November 2014. 
  8. ^ Historic England. "The Old Lighthouse (1083400)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 17 November 2014. 

External links[edit]