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According to JORDAN(1968), this appearance is caused by the tracks of burrowing organisms, which consist primarily of siliceous sponge spicules which have been washed into the burrows. The silicic acid, when weathered, forms black streaks, which give the rock its characteristic appearance. Jordan divides the Flammenmergel into five units. The Flammenmergel is a slightly clayey to slightly sandy marl. It is yellow to ochre in colour, whereas the streaky "flames" are dark grey to black. The rock is siliceous and hard.
- Harms, F. J. (1984): Erläuterungen zu Blatt Nr. 4025 Freden. Niedersächsisches Landesamt für Bodenforschung, 168 S., Hannover.
- Jordan, H. (1968): Gliederung und Genese des Flammenmergels (Alb) in Hils- und Sackmulde. Z. dt. Geol. Ges., 117: 391-424, Hannover.