Flaouna

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Flaouna
Flaounes halved.jpg
A flaouna halved, showing both the sesame seed topping and the raisins inside
Type Pastry
Place of origin Cyprus
Main ingredients Cheese
Variations May include raisins
Cookbook: Flaouna  Media: Flaouna

Flaouna (Greek: φλαούνα, Turkish: pilavuna) is a cheese-filled pastry from the island of Cyprus, which may include raisins or be garnished with sesame seeds. Flaounes are traditionally prepared for Easter[1] by Orthodox Greeks as well as Ramadan by Muslim Turkish Cypriots. Regional names for flaouna include vlaouna, fesoudki (Greek:φεσούδκι) in Karavas, and aflaouna in Karpasia.[1]

History[edit]

Flaounes have been made in Cyprus for a number of years[1] and have been served as a celebratory food for the breaking of the Lenten fast. They are traditionally prepared on Good Friday for consumption on Easter Sunday by Orthodox Christians.[2][3] They are eaten in place of bread on Easter Sunday, and continue to be made and eaten for the weeks following.[2] Creating the flaounes can often be a family tradition shared with multiple generations.[4]

The Guinness World Records holds a record for the largest flaouna ever made. It was set on 11 April 2012 by the company Carrefour in Limassol. The pastry measured 2.45 metres (8.0 ft) long and 1.24 metres (4.1 ft) wide, weighing 259.5 kilograms (572 lb).[5] As part of the celebrations, 20 percent of sales of flaounes in Carrefour stores on the day in Cyprus, went to charity.[6]

Flaounes were featured as a technical challenge in The Great British Bake Off pastry week episode of season six.

Recipe[edit]

Flaounes are a cheese filled pastry interspersed with cheese.[7] The pastry is described as similar to shortcrust in texture.[4] The cheese can be a mix of Graviera, Halloumi,[8] Fresh Anari and/or Kefalotyri.[2] Outside of Europe, these cheeses can sometimes be referred to as "flaouna" cheese.[9] Depending on the area of island in which they are made, the recipes vary so that the pastries are either salty, semi-sweet or sweet.[10] They can also sometimes have sesame seeds sprinkled on top or sultanas interspersed with the cheese.[7][11]


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Christou, Eleni; Demetriou, Demetra; Lazarou, Stalo. "Φλαούνα, η". foodmuseum.cs.ucy.ac.cy (in Greek). Cyprus Food Virtual Museum. Retrieved 19 November 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c Thacker, Anita; Barton, Arlene (2012). Multicultural Handbook of Food, Nutrition and Dietetic. Chichester, West Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell. p. 298. ISBN 9781405173582. 
  3. ^ Bryant, Sue (2008). Cyprus With Your Family (eBook ed.). Hoboken, N.J.: Frommer's. p. 77. 
  4. ^ a b Lathourakis, Patricia (31 March 2009). "My family's Easter tradition". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 3 March 2013. 
  5. ^ "Largest Flaouna". Guinness World Records. Retrieved 3 March 2013. 
  6. ^ "Largest flaouna enters Guinness Book". Cyprus Mail. 12 April 2012. Retrieved 3 March 2013. [permanent dead link]
  7. ^ a b Mallos, Tess (1979). The Complete Middle East Cookbook. New York: McGraw-Hill. p. 88. ISBN 9780070398108. 
  8. ^ Πέσκιας, Χριστόφορος. Φλαούνες (in Greek). Kathimerini.gr. Retrieved 3 March 2013. [permanent dead link]
  9. ^ "My Cypriot Kitchen - Flaounas". Food Television. Archived from the original on 19 November 2015. Retrieved 3 March 2013. 
  10. ^ "Flaouna pastry". Cyprus Tourism Organisation. Retrieved 3 March 2013. 
  11. ^ Spilling, Michael (2000). Cyprus. New York: Marshall Cavendish. p. 116. ISBN 9780761409786.