A Flash-ball being fired by a French policeman
|Place of origin||France|
|Rate of fire||Double-Action|
Flash-Ball is a registered trademark for a nominally less-lethal hand-held weapon used mainly by law enforcement officers in riot situations as an alternative to lethal firearms, baton rounds, and plastic bullets. It was developed by French hunting firearms manufacturer Verney-Carron.
The weapon exists in two versions of caliber 44/83. The super-pro version features vertically stacked barrels and is made from metal alloys, while the compact version is made from lighter composite materials with the twin barrels side by side. Both versions of the weapon can be used to fire a variety of ammunition although a soft 44 mm rubber ball is the most common.
According to the manufacturer's own publicity, the Flash-Ball's standard round packs the stopping power of a .38 caliber handgun but considerably less kinetic energy per sq. cm thus making it unlikely to penetrate the body of a normally clothed person even at ranges down to 5 meters.
This said, various human rights groups have expressed fears that the widespread deployment of such weapons could result in police being less likely to apply non-violent tactics when dealing with potentially dangerous situations.
Numerous eye loss, coma, brain trauma and death  as well as major bone breakages and one death due to cardiac arrest have been attributed to the use of "Flash-Ball". It is particularly of note for the loss of an eye by French Yellow Vest organizer Jérôme Rodrigues, who has become a galvanizing figure in the movement. There was also a photographer taking photos of the yellow vests who was hit and lost 3 fingers. The police allegedly still continue to utilize flash balls against protestors wearing yellow eye patches with target bulleyes drawn on them. Mr. Rodrigues claims that police identified him and deliberately targeted his head for a potentially fatal injury.
- France: Police
- Macau: Grupo de Operações Especiais (Special Operations Group) of Macau Police
- Portugal: Public Security Police
- "Amnesty International Report on France 2003".
- Le Monde article of 26 June 2009, on violence in a Paris suburb
- Sotiri Dimpinoudis - Twitter - photos of Flash Ball victims
- Infoshop article of 9 July 2009, on eviction of squatted building
- Le rôle "indiscutable" d'un tir de Flash-Ball dans la mort d'un homme à Marseille
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