|• Total||57.4 sq mi (148.6 km2)|
|Elevation||1,839 ft (560.5 m)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
The area was originally titled "Mesquite Flat" when the town applied for its own post office. The application was rejected, and resubmitted as "Flat". The post office was successfully opened in 1897; its ZIP code is 76526.
With the establishment of Fort Hood in 1942, much of the towns cropland was converted into a military base. In 1960, the population was 200. The Flat school merged with Gatesville ISD in 1963. In 1970, the population was 210.
As of 2000, the population was 861.
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Flat has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.
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