Bitterroot Salish

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Salish Men Near Tipis (1903 Flathead Reservation, MT)

The Bitterroot Salish (or Flathead, Salish, Selish) are an Salish-speaking group of Native Americans, and one of three tribes of the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes of the Flathead Nation in Montana. The Flathead Reservation is home to the Kootenai and Pend d'Oreilles tribes also. Bitterroot Salish or Flathead originally lived in an area west of Billings, Montana extending to the continental divide in the west and south of Great Falls, Montana extending to the Montana-Wyoming border.[1] From there they later moved west into the Bitterroot Valley,[2] and in 1891 they were moved to Flathead Reservation.[3]


The people are an Interior Salish-speaking group of Native Americans. Their language is also called Salish, and is the namesake of the entire Salishan languages group. The Spokane language (npoqínišcn) spoken by the Spokane people, the Kalispel language (qlispé) spoken by the Pend d'Oreilles tribe and the Bitterroot Salish (séliš) languages are all dialects of the same language. There is no shared name for the language besides the linguistic designations Spokane-Kalispel-Flathead or npoqínišcn-qlispé-séliš.[citation needed]


  1. ^ Carling I. Malouf. (1998). "Flathead and Pend d'Oreille". pp. 297-298.
  2. ^ Carling I. Malouf. (1998). "Flathead and Pend d'Oreille". pp. 302.
  3. ^ Carling I. Malouf. (1998). "Flathead and Pend d'Oreille". pp. 308.


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