Flatland (2007 film)

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Promotional film poster
Directed byLadd Ehlinger Jr.
Written byTom Whalen
Based onFlatland: A Romance of Many Dimensions by Edwin A. Abbott
Produced byF.X. Vitolo
StarringChris Carter
Megan Colleen
Ladd Ehlinger Jr.
Edited byLadd Ehlinger Jr
Music byMark Slater
Flatland Productions
Release date
  • January 14, 2007 (2007-01-14)
Running time
95 minutes
CountryUnited States

Flatland (also released as Flatland: The Film and Flatland the film) is a 2007 computer-animated film based on the 1884 novella Flatland: A Romance of Many Dimensions by Edwin Abbott Abbott. The film was directed and animated by Ladd Ehlinger Jr. in Lightwave 3D. The screenplay was written by author Tom Whalen. The music was composed by Mark Slater.


In a two-dimensional world called Flatland populated by living squares, triangles, circles and other two-dimensional shapes, it is three days until the celebration of the year 3000. A Square, attorney at law, struggles to instruct his son, A Hexagon, in the art of sight recognition. The lesson is interrupted by A Square's brother B, a clerk to President Circle, warning A to stay home during a meeting at the Senate of the Great Southern Republic of Flatland.

The Senate session has been called to discuss the increasing hostilities between the government and the Chromatist movement, led by Senator Chromatistes, an irregular dodecagon. The movement seeks legalization of the right of Flatlanders to color their sides as they see fit. Traditionally taboo, laws against it had been relaxed; this emboldened the Chromatists to demand legalization. The Great Southern Republic distinguishes itself from its enemy, the Northern Kingdom, by its stances on Chromatism and Irregulars along with a democratic government. Relaxing the laws has already been perceived as weakness by the Northern Kingdom who are massing on the borders.

Against his brother's warning, A Square meets his new client, the first female charged as a Chromatist. On his way home he is caught in the melee leaving the Senate. President Circle's soldiers killed Senator Chromatistes and his supporters, sparking a riot across the city. A Square just gets home safely, then barricades his family against the chaos for the night.

Once asleep, A Square dreams of visiting a one-dimensional world, Lineland, and attempts to convince the realm's ignorant king of a second dimension, but fails to make him see outside of his eternally straight line. A Square awakens to learn that the deadly riots originated in the Senate meeting that B Square was attending. A visit to B Square's home confirms that he is missing. A Square scours the city, now under martial law, seeking B Square. At the marketplace, he meets a merchant selling a fascinating "glow point", and buys one for A Hexagon, who has been sulking since being disciplined for coloring one of his sides purple.

The family prepares for another anxious night, only to be terrified by the sudden appearance of A Sphere, CEO of Messiah, Inc. A Sphere declares that A Square is his apostle of the Three Dimensions and privately begins to explain things to him. A Square refuses to entertain the notion of three dimensions, resorting to violence with A Sphere. A Sphere decides the only way to convince A Square of the three dimensions is to show him.

Suddenly and painfully, A Square is plucked out of his dimension and into Spaceland. After the initial shock, the reality of 3 dimensions becomes clear to A Square, along with the possibility of locating his brother from his newfound vantage point. Having business himself at the Great Hall, A Sphere brings A Square to look for his brother there. On their arrival, A Sphere expounds upon three dimensions to President Circle and the Priests, who anticipated this event. After rejecting A Sphere's message and attempting to kill him, the Flatland leaders execute all who have witnessed the event, except B Square, who is imprisoned for life on pain of death in exchange for his silence while his brother watches from high above Flatland.

Realizing that time in Spaceland is short, at least for A Square, A Sphere brings him to Messiah, Inc. to finish his education on the gospel of Three Dimensions. Enthralled by the complex world of Spaceland, A Square posits further about 4 dimensions and so forth to A Sphere, who dismisses it as nonsense. Meanwhile, A Square's intrusion into Spaceland has become a national emergency, which prompts the Spaceland Senate to call to him to appear for a hearing, to explain this breach of protocol of bringing a Flatlander into their midst. They claim that it will be viewed as an act of, and provocation for, war by their enemies, the X-Axis.

During the hearing, A Square also learns that the X-Axis considers the Great Senate as weak, because they have allowed the continued existence of his own world, Flatland, which they view as an abomination. As the debate rages, an ailing A Square tries to explain his theory of multiple dimensions to an unsympathetic crowd. Air-raid sirens wail as A Square collapses from the overwhelming effects of gravity on his two-dimensional body and chaos ensues.

A Sphere manages to send his dying apostle back on his way to Flatland via a mailing tube before bombs destroy both Messiah, Inc. and A Sphere himself, but A Square's journey back is halted by A Sphere's hovercraft, who attempts to crush A Square to avenge A Sphere's death. However, an X-Axis ship crashes into and destroys the hovercraft, and A Square ends up plunging in freefall toward Flatland and through its surface into unknown regions below, where he experiences a revelation on dimensionality and infinity.

A Square finds himself in his own bed on the eve of the year 3000 and his family informs him that the government has issued orders for the arrest of anyone proclaiming the gospel of three dimensions. Undeterred, A Square hurries to see his brother in Flatland jail to discuss their new shared knowledge of the third dimension. B Square, afraid of execution, denies the experience and in a panic assaults his brother who falls temporarily into an unconscious state where he hallucinates A Sphere along with the Monarch of Pointland who curiously resembles a “glow point.” As the Monarch drones on in his monologue of “being the all in all, the one in the one,” A Sphere informs his former apostle that time is short and A Square must proclaim the gospel of the three dimensions to his fellow Flatlanders although they, like the Monarch, will probably remain trapped within their own perspectives.

Returning to himself, A Square escapes Flatland prison and outruns the guards. Arriving home, A Square informs his wife that they are going to defect to the Northern Kingdom where he might be able to spread the gospel of three dimensions to a more open minded populace. The soldiers arrive and A Square escapes with the help of Frau A Square's “war cry” that temporarily stuns them. Before he can reach the border, A Square is cornered by the soldiers whose attempt to dismantle and segment him is thwarted by the Northern Kingdom army's attack. In the fracas, things suddenly begin to disappear as though sucked down through the fabric of Flatland until only A Square remains. He, too, begins to disappear, until there is only his eye, then a glowing point of light, which welcomes him into another dimension.


Actor Character Dimensional shape Role
Simon G. Hammond A Sphere sphere The CEO of Messiah, Inc. and a resident of Spaceland.
Greg Trent President Circle circle The president of the Southern Republic of Flatland.
Chris Carter The King of Lineland line The ruler of Lineland and the longest line in Lineland (which is only "Six Inches of Space").
Linda Meigs Mathilde & Millicent pyramids A Sphere's secretaries.
Jon Shoemaker Soldier Y triangle A lethal triangle soldier in the Southern Republic Army.
Ashley Blackwell A Line line An accused Chromatism line.
Michael Karle The Pentagon Doctor pentagon The chief doctor at the Hospital of Reconfiguration.
Dr. Jeff Sanders Cube Carlton cube One of A Sphere's many workers.
Oscar Gutierrez The Crazy Old Trapezoid trapezoid An elderly, demented trapezoid.
Ladd Ehlinger Jr. A Square square The main character; a defense attorney and the chosen apostle to preach the Gospel of the Third Dimension.
Karen Ehlinger Frau A Square line A Square's wife.
Megan Ehlinger A Hexagon hexagon A Square's youngest son.
Robert Ehlinger B Square square President Circle's personal assistant and A Square's brother.
Catherine Ehlinger Frau B Square line B Square's wife.

Other voices[edit]

  • Denise Carter
  • Juliana Carter
  • Mark Carter
  • Jacqueline Clift
  • Colin Duckworth
  • Corin Ehlinger
  • Perrin Ehlinger
  • Raven Hood
  • Chris Kolb
  • Lauren Meigs
  • Matthew Meigs
  • Lacon Mitchell
  • Jorge J. Raub
  • Sean C. Spurlock
  • Bill Wells


Ehlinger recorded dialogue for the film throughout 2005 in his home studio.[1] Using off-the-shelf 3D animation software packages such as Lightwave 3D, Adobe After Effects and others, Ehlinger animated and edited the film[2] by himself over the course of two years,[3] starting in 2005.[4] He sent completed animations to composer Mark Slater for scoring, who sent back audio files.[4]


Most reviews were positive with specific criticisms, with one quite negative exception. At SciFi.com, Paul Di Filippo gave the film a rating of "A", stating that it "entertains, enlightens and educates", and that "Ehlinger manages to retain the Victorian satire on pomposity and cultural blindness while updating it to modern conditions. And ... [its] conceptual breakthrough is brilliantly handled." Di Filippo's single criticism was that the superimposed text exposition got "a bit heavy-handed".[5] Film Threat reviewer Phil Hall referred to the film's "bold originality and vibrant intelligence", stating, "Sequences throb with raw power, provoking visceral emotional responses". Hall flatly called it "a work of genius," and gave it five stars (of five).[6]

Dennis Schwartz (Ozus' World) gave Flatland an "A", referring to it as "smart, without being cheeky", in taking the likely unfilmable source material, and creating a "spirited avant-garde" film.[7] He summarized:

"...there's not a single thing about it that's disingenuous or unworldly or superficial. It's by a serious and gifted filmmaker who brings a light touch to his craft and does it without an ounce of pretentiousness or Hollywood phoniness or a sense of self-consciousness."[7]

Scott Green at Ain't it Cool News called it "captivating", "an enjoyable mental amusement park ride", and "something amazingly different and intriguing to watch." But he noted, "the complexity of the world being explored does not coherently coalesce", and that the film attacks divisive topics "with an undisciplined flurry of jabs." Green was intrigued by the film's "glib omniscient" title cards, writing that their presence "almost makes for a character in and of itself."[8]

Aylish Wood, reviewing in Science Fiction Film and Television, described the intertitles as fine for children, but "annoying" for adults, and found the math exposition to be "painless" but "a touch too long." She found that too many plot threads were not tied up, and an "overabundance of possible meanings", for example a "slew of referencing" around the character of Senator Chromatistes, which "disperses our understanding". Wood noted flaws in pacing and the intertitles, but found the expression of emotion via color and music to be "effective". Ultimately the film was "a mixed feast" with frustrating "cluttered logic."[9]

Carl Schroeder wrote in The Global Intelligencer that the film is one of "two of the best movie versions ever made" of the story. He states that the film "preserves the biting social satire of the original story with ideas and abstract violence (bleeding polygons) not appropriate for little kids (teens will be fine)." He continues, the "film touches on current events, including allusions to the Iraq war and anti-gay prejudice, to conclude apocalyptically (the book just ends with the protagonist in prison). Most adults will want to see both Flatland versions, sooner or later."[10]

Dan Schneider of Blogcritics gave an overall negative review. He criticized the departures by the film from Abbott's book, such as the character of the king instead being a president (who wears a crown), and the divergence into satire when A Sphere visits A Square, where the sphere is a CEO, instead of Abbott's "mystical guide". Schneider points out that where A Square's experience was originally religious, the film makes it a "wow moment used to lead into some cheap gags", and states that "the story dissolves." He found the film's satire "predictable", and described it as "best when sticking to the book's original points." Schneider faults writer Tom Whalen's script for changing Abbott's story "too much", the music by Mark Slater as "sometimes apt", but at other times "a mess", the intertitle cards as "annoying", the ending for being "muddled" and trying "too hard for the relevance of 2001: A Space Odyssey", and the DVD itself for lacking a commentary track.[11]

In Mathematics in Popular Culture, Lila Marz Harper described the film as "more radical" than Flatland: The Movie, showing more biological detail, and even dreams. She remarked that the film "vividly mimics" Abbott's description of the physical remolding of children's bodies to conform to societal norms, and "adheres closely" to the discrimination against women in Abbott's story. She noted that some variations from the book were confusing: one of A Square's sons is a hexagon, unlike the all-pentagon siblings in Abbott's story.[12]


  1. ^ "The Interdimensional Construction of Flatland - The Sound" Archived 2013-01-23 at archive.today. flatlandthefilm.com. Ladd Ehlinger, Jr.
  2. ^ "FAQ 8. I want to make an animated film too. Does Ladd have any tips?". flatlandthefilm.com. Ladd Ehlinger, Jr.
  3. ^ "The Interdimensional Construction of Flatland - The Computer Work" Archived 2013-01-23 at archive.today. flatlandthefilm.com. Ladd Ehlinger, Jr.
  4. ^ a b "The Interdimensional Construction of Flatland - The Music" Archived 2013-01-23 at archive.today. flatlandthefilm.com. Ladd Ehlinger, Jr.
  5. ^ Di Fillippo, Paul (March 1, 2007). "Flatland (review)". SciFi.com. Archived from the original on 2009-03-04.
  6. ^ Hall, Phil (March 16, 2007). "Flatland (DVD)". Film Threat.
  7. ^ a b Schwartz, Dennis (March 12, 2007). "Flatland". Ozus' World Movie Reviews. Archived from the original on 2007-04-30.
  8. ^ Green, Scott (May 10, 2007). "Independent Animation Spotlight: Flatland: The Film". Ain't It Cool News.
  9. ^ Wood, Aylish (Spring 2008). "Flatland the Film (review)". Science Fiction Film and Television. Liverpool University Press (via muse.jhu.edu). 1 (1): 167–171. doi:10.1353/sff.0.0003 (inactive 28 February 2022). Archived from the original on 2012-11-29. Retrieved 2012-10-29.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of February 2022 (link)
  10. ^ Schroeder, Carl (November 2007). "Film Review: Flatland". Arts. The Global Intelligencer. Archived from the original on 2013-02-21. Retrieved 2012-10-29.
  11. ^ Schneider, Dan (August 15, 2007). "DVD Review: Flatland - The Film". Blogcritics. Archived from the original on 2010-05-14. Retrieved October 29, 2012.
  12. ^ Marz Harper, Lila (2012). "Flatland in Popular Culture". In Sklar, Jessica K.; Sklar, Elizabeth S. (eds.). Mathematics in Popular Culture: Essays on Appearances in Film, Fiction. McFarland & Company. p. 300. ISBN 978-0786449781. Retrieved 2012-10-29.

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