Theatrical release poster by John Alvin
|Directed by||Joel Schumacher|
|Written by||Peter Filardi|
|Music by||James Newton Howard|
|Cinematography||Jan de Bont|
|Edited by||Robert Brown|
|Distributed by||Columbia Pictures|
|Box office||$61.5 million|
Flatliners is a 1990 American science fiction psychological horror film directed by Joel Schumacher, produced by Michael Douglas and Rick Bieber, and written by Peter Filardi. It stars Kiefer Sutherland, Julia Roberts, William Baldwin, Oliver Platt, and Kevin Bacon. The film is about five medical students that attempt to find out what lies beyond death and they conduct clandestine experiments that produce near-death experiences. The film was shot on the campus of Loyola University (Chicago) between October 1989 and January 1990, and was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Sound Editing in 1990 (Charles L. Campbell and Richard C. Franklin). The film was theatrically released on August 10, 1990, by Columbia Pictures.
Nelson convinces four of his medical school classmates — Joe Hurley, David Labraccio, Randall Steckle, and Rachel Manus — to help him discover what lies beyond death. Nelson flatlines for one minute before his classmates resuscitate him. While "dead", he experiences a sort of afterlife. He sees a vision of a boy he bullied as a child, Billy Mahoney. He merely tells his friends that he cannot describe what he saw, but something is there. The others follow Nelson's daring feat. Joe flatlines next, and he experiences an erotic afterlife sequence. He agrees with Nelson's claim that something indeed exists. David is third to flatline, and he sees a vision of a black girl, Winnie Hicks, that he bullied in grade school. The three men start to experience hallucinations related to their afterlife visions. Nelson gets physically beat up by Billy Mahoney twice. Joe, engaged to be married, is haunted by his home videos of his sexual dalliances with other women. David finds Winnie Hicks on a train, and she verbally taunts him like he did to her.
Rachel decides to flatline next. David tries to stop the others from giving Rachel their same fate, but she is already "dead" when he arrives. Rachel nearly dies after the power goes out, and the men are unable to shock her with the defibrillator paddles. Luckily, she survives, but she, too, is haunted by the memory of her father committing suicide when she was young. The three men finally reveal their harrowing experiences to one another, and David decides to put his visions to a stop. He goes to visit Winnie Hicks, now grown up, and he apologizes to her. Winnie thanks him, and she accepts his apology. David immediately feels a weight lifted off his shoulders. Then, David finds Nelson, who accompanied David to visit Winnie, beating himself with a climbing axe. For Nelson, Billy Mahoney is attempting to beat him to death for a third time. David stops him in time, and they return to town. Meanwhile, Joe's fiancée, Anne, comes to his apartment, and she breaks up with him after she discovers his videos. Joe's visions cease after Anne leaves him. Rachel seeks comfort in the arms of David, and the two make love. While Rachel and David are together, Nelson takes Steckle and Joe to the graveyard. He reveals that he killed Billy Mahoney as a kid when he hit him with a rock, and he fell out of a tree. Nelson storms off, leaving Joe and Steckle stranded.
David leaves Rachel alone in order to rescue Joe and Steckle at the cemetery. While alone, Rachel goes to the bathroom, and she finds her father. He apologizes to his daughter, and her guilt over his death is lifted when she discovers that he was addicted to heroin. Then, Nelson calls Rachel, and he tells her that he needs to flatline again in order to make amends. He apologizes for involving her and their friends in his stupid plan. The three men race to Nelson, who has been dead for nine minutes. Rachel soon finds them, and the four friends work feverishly to save Nelson. Meanwhile, a young Nelson is being stoned by Billy Mahoney from the tree. Nelson dies in the afterlife from the fall, and his friends cannot revive him. When they are about to give up, David gives Nelson one last shock. They bring him back, and Nelson tells them, "Today wasn't a good day to die."
- Kiefer Sutherland as Nelson Wright
- Julia Roberts as Rachel Manus
- Kevin Bacon as Dave Labraccio
- William Baldwin as Joe Hurley
- Oliver Platt as Randy Steckle
- Kimberly Scott as Winnie Hicks
- Joshua Rudoy as Billy Mahoney
- Benjamin Mouton as Mr. Manus
- Hope Davis as Anne Coldren
- Patricia Belcher as Edna
- Beth Grant as Housewife
Upon its release Flatliners received mixed reviews. While the film was praised for its overall premise and striking visual style, as well as the strong cast, it was criticized in some quarters for descending into silliness. The review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reports that 48% of critics give the film a positive review based on 42 reviews. In her review for The New York Times, Caryn James wrote, "when taken on its own stylish terms, Flatliners is greatly entertaining. Viewers are likely to go along with this film instantly or else ridicule it to death. Its atmospheric approach doesn't admit much middle ground." Critic Roger Ebert praised the film as "an original, intelligent thriller, well-directed by Joel Schumacher" and called the cast "talented young actors, [who] inhabit the shadows with the right mixture of intensity, fear and cockiness." But Ebert criticized Flatliners for "plot manipulation that is unworthy of the brilliance of its theme. I only wish it had been restructured so we didn't need to go through the same crisis so many times." Similarly, Peter Travers of Rolling Stone magazine praised the film's young stars, but complained that "by dodging the questions it raises about life after death, Flatliners ends up tripping on timidity. It's a movie about daring that dares nothing."
Entertainment Weekly gave the film a "D" rating and Owen Gleiberman wrote, "What isn't in evidence is the sort of overheated lunacy that made the William Hurt speed-freak trip movie Altered States (1980) such delectable trash. Flatliners is camp, but of a very low order. Schumacher is too intent on pandering to the youth market to take the mad risks and plunges that make for a scintillating bad movie." In contrast, The Washington Post's Rita Kempley loved the film, calling it: "a heart-stopping, breathtakingly sumptuous haunted house of a movie". The excessive use of defibrillators has been criticized as medical nonsense, since they do not help in case of an asystole.
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On October 5, 2015, a remake starring Ellen Page and Diego Luna was announced, following the casting of Nina Dobrev, James Norton and Kiersey Clemons. On July 8, 2016, it was announced that Kiefer Sutherland will return for the remake as well. On July 13, 2016, Sony was announced a tentative August 18, 2017 release date for the remake.
- "Flatliners (1990)". The Numbers. Retrieved September 6, 2015.
- Broeske, Pat H. (September 17, 1990). "Postcards Takes No. 1 at Box Office Movies: Mother-daughter comedy sales hit $8.1 million. Paramount's `Ghost' is in second place on $5.8 million in sales.". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2011-01-01.
- Broeske, Pat H. (August 14, 1990). "Flatliners Leads Lively Box Office : Movies: Young audience helps medical drama and Gibson's 'Air America' shoot down Nicholson's 'Two Jakes.'". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2010-11-23.
- "Flatliners". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved September 6, 2015.
- Flatliners, Rotten Tomatoes. Accessed March 11, 2013.
- James, Caryn. "Young Doctors Explore the Boundary Between Life and Death", New York Times (August 10, 1990). Accessed May 18, 2009.
- Ebert, Roger. Flatliners review, Chicago Sun-Times (Aug. 10, 1990). Accessed Mar. 26, 2009.
- Travers, Peter. Flatliners review, Rolling Stone #584 (Aug. 9, 1990). Accessed Mar. 26, 2009.
- Gleiberman, Owen. Flatliners review. Entertainment Weekly (Aug. 10, 1990). Accessed January 20, 2010.
- Kempley, Rita. Flatliners review. Washington Post (Aug. 10, 1990). Accessed Mar. 26, 2009.
- "Ellen Page in Talks to Star in ‘Flatliners’ Remake (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety. 2015-10-05. Retrieved 2016-03-01.
- "Diego Luna in Talks to Join Ellen Page in ‘Flatliners’ Remake". Variety. 2016-02-29. Retrieved 2016-03-01.
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