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Developer(s) Alex Larsson, Flatpak Team
Stable release
0.99.1 / 21 June 2018; 16 days ago (2018-06-21)
Repository Edit this at Wikidata
Written in C
Operating system Linux
Type Application virtualization
License LGPL[1]
Website flatpak.org

Flatpak (formerly xdg-app) is a software utility for software deployment, package management, and application virtualization for Linux desktop computers. It provides a sandbox environment in which users can run applications in isolation from the rest of the system.[2][3] Applications using Flatpak need permission from the user to control hardware devices or access the user's files.[4]

The idea of using application containers in GNOME was first proposed in 2013 by Lennart Poettering,[3] who published an article about it in 2014.[5][6] Developed as part of the freedesktop.org project (formerly known as X Desktop Group or XDG),[7] it was originally called xdg-app.[8]

As of February 2017, some popular apps available as Flatpaks include Blender, Gimp,[9] LibreOffice,[10] Pitivi,[11] KDE Applications,[12] Linphone,[13] and GNOME Recipes.[14] There are also some unofficial Flatpaks such as development versions of Mozilla Firefox,[15] Skype,[16] and Spotify.[17]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "LGPL". xdg-app repository. freedesktop.org. Retrieved 2016-11-21. 
  2. ^ Larsson, Alexander (29 April 2016). "Using bubblewrap in xdg-app". Alexander Larsson: Cool links and commentary. GNOME. Retrieved 8 January 2016. 
  3. ^ a b Willis, Nathan (2015-01-21). "GNOME and application sandboxing revisited". LWN. Retrieved 2016-01-03. 
  4. ^ Willis, Nathan (2015-08-12). "Working with xdg-app application bundles". LWN. Retrieved 2016-01-03. 
  5. ^ corbet (1 September 2014). "Poettering: Revisiting how we put together Linux systems". LWN. Retrieved 2016-10-31. 
  6. ^ Poettering, Lennart (1 September 2014). "Revisiting How We Put Together Linux Systems". Pid Eins. 
  7. ^ "Flatpak - the future of application distribution". Retrieved 2016-12-16. 
  8. ^ Larsson, Alexander (9 May 2016). "Renamed to flatpak in git". freedesktop.org. Retrieved 1 June 2016. 
  9. ^ https://www.gimp.org/downloads/
  10. ^ "LibreOffice in Flatpak format". LibreOffice. Retrieved 1 June 2016. 
  11. ^ "Pitivi-download". Pitivi. Retrieved 1 July 2016. 
  12. ^ "kde-applications". KDE Flatpak. Retrieved 1 March 2017. 
  13. ^ Linphone, retrieved 2017-09-19 
  14. ^ Sneddon, Joey (2016-12-07). "Yum! GNOME Recipes is a New Cooking App for Linux". OMG! Ubuntu!. Retrieved 2017-12-24. 
  15. ^ "Unofficial Firefox Developer Edition flatpak repository". Unofficial Firefox Developer Edition flatpak repository. Retrieved 20 March 2017. 
  16. ^ "Alexander Larsson's github Flatpak build of skype". Alexander Larsson's github Flatpak build of skype. Retrieved 17 August 2017. 
  17. ^ "Alexander Larsson's github Flatpak build of spotify". Alexander Larsson's github Flatpak build of spotify. Retrieved 17 August 2017.