Flavia Maximiana Theodora

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Flavia Maximiana Theodora
Bronze-Flavia Maximiana Theodora-trier RIC 65.jpg
Flavia Maximiana Theodora. On the reverse, the goddess Pietas.
Empress of the Roman Empire
Reign305–306 (alongside Galeria Valeria)
Bornbefore 275
SpouseEmperor Constantius Chlorus
FatherUncertain, perhaps Consul Afranius Hannibalianus or Emperor Maximian
MotherUncertain, perhaps Eutropia

Flavia Maximiana Theodora, also known as Theodora, was a Roman Empress, wife of Constantius Chlorus.

She is often referred to as a stepdaughter of Emperor Maximian by ancient sources, leading to claims by historians Otto Seeck and Ernest Stein that she was born from an earlier marriage between Eutropia, wife of Maximian, and Afranius Hannibalianus.[1] This man was consul in 292 and praetorian prefect under Diocletian.

Timothy Barnes challenges this view stating that all "stepdaughter sources" derive their information from the partially unreliable work Kaisergeschichte (written in the 4th century), while more reliable sources refer Theodora as Maximian's natural daughter.[2] He concludes that she was born no later than c. 275 to an unnamed earlier wife of Maximian, possibly one of Hannibalianus' daughters.[3]

In 293[citation needed], Theodora married Flavius Valerius Julius Constantius (later known as Constantius Chlorus), after he had divorced from his first wife, Helena, to strengthen his political position. The couple had six children:


  1. ^ Aurelius Victor, Epitome de Caesaribus 39.25; Eutropius, Breviaria 9.22; Jerome, Chronicle 225g; Epitome de Caesaribus 39.2, 40.12, quoted in Timothy Barnes, New Empire, 33; Barnes, New Empire, 33.
  2. ^ Origo Constantini 2; Philostorgius, Historia Ecclesiastica 2.16a, quoted in Barnes, New Empire, 33. See also Panegyrici Latini 10(2)11.4.
  3. ^ Barnes, New Empire, 33–34.


  • Barnes, Timothy D.. The New Empire of Diocletian and Constantine. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1982. ISBN 0-7837-2221-4

External links[edit]

Media related to Flavia Maximiana Theodora at Wikimedia Commons

Royal titles
Preceded by
(wife of Diocletian)
Empress of Rome
with Galeria Valeria (305–306)
Succeeded by
Galeria Valeria
Preceded by
(wife of Maximian)