Flavio Chigi (1631–1693)
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|Cardinal-Bishop of Porto e Santa Rufina|
Cardinal Flavio Chigi, by Jacob Ferdinand Voet
|Diocese||Porto e Santa Rufina|
|See||Porto e Santa Rufina|
|Appointed||19 October 1689|
|Term ended||13 September 1693|
|Predecessor||Pietro Vito Ottoboni|
24 March 1686|
by Paluzzo Paluzzi Altieri Degli Albertoni
9 April 1657|
by Alexander VII
10 May 1631|
|Died||13 September 1693(aged 62)|
|Coat of arms|
Flavio Chigi (10 May 1631 – 13 September 1693) was an Italian Catholic Cardinal and Duke of Ariccia. He was Cardinal-Nephew to Pope Alexander VII and became a powerful political force inside the Roman Catholic Church during the latter half of the 17th century.
Flavio Chigi was born 10 May 1631 in Siena, the son of Mario Chigi and Berenice della Ciaia (a noblewoman from Siena). He studied philosophy and law and obtained a doctorate in utroque iuris. When his uncle Fabio Chigi was made Legate to Germany, Chigi followed him there but was soon sent back to Italy to complete his studies.
In 1656, he was made Governor of Fermo and in 1658 he was made Governor of Tivoli. In the meantime, his uncle had been elected Pope in 1655 and had taken the papal throne as Pope Alexander VII. In 1657, Chigi was appointed as his Cardinal-Nephew.
Upon his elevation to Cardinal, Chigi was appointed Cardinal-Priest of Santa Maria del Popolo.
In 1664, Chigi was received by King Louis XIV of France
Papal conclave of 1667
The College of Cardinals was divided into several factions. The strongest of them was the party loyal to Chigi, which grouped twenty-four of his uncle's creatures. Another influential person was Dean of the College, Francesco Barberini, who was leader of the group of old cardinals created by his uncle Pope Urban VIII. Small but important because of the possibility of using the right of exclusion were the factions of the so-called "Crown-Cardinals", of Spain and France. They represented the respective interests of Charles II of Spain and Louis XIV of France.
The French party was instructed to work for the election of cardinal Secretary of State Giulio Rospigliosi. Unlike France, Spain placed its interests in the hand of the incompetent ambassador Marquis Astorga. He allied himself with Chigi, although initially Barberini tried to obtain Spanish support for his own candidature.
Initially Chigi, supported by the Spanish party, proposed to elect cardinal Scipione d'Elci, but was not able to secure for him the required majority of two thirds. The alliance between the representatives of two major Catholic powers proved decisive and on 20 June 1667, Cardinal Giulio Rospigliosi was elected to the papacy, receiving all votes except those of his own and of Neri Corsini, who voted for Chigi.
- S. Miranda: Flavio Chigi,iuniore
- Both appointments were short and temporary, presumably to fill in during the absence of the regular Governor of each city
- Catholic Hierarchy: Flavio Cardinal Chigi, Snr.
- Rudolf Wittkower, Bernini, the Sculptor of the Roman Baroque, 1997 (4th ed.), p. 296
- List of participants of the papal conclave of 1667 (by Salvador Miranda).
- Data about cardinalatial titles and offices held by cardinals according to their biographical entries by Salvador Miranda
- Valérie Pirie The Triple Crown: An Account of the Papal Conclaves - Clement IX (Rospigliosi).
- S. Miranda: Pope Clement IX