Fleet Marston

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Fleet Marston
FleetMarston StMary SE.jpg
St Mary's parish church
Fleet Marston is located in Buckinghamshire
Fleet Marston
Fleet Marston
Fleet Marston shown within Buckinghamshire
Population 47 (Mid-2010 estimate)
OS grid reference SP7716
Civil parish
  • Fleet Marston
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Aylesbury
Postcode district HP22
Dialling code 01296
Police Thames Valley
Fire Buckinghamshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
BuckinghamshireCoordinates: 51°50′31″N 0°52′34″W / 51.842°N 0.876°W / 51.842; -0.876

Fleet Marston is a civil parish and deserted medieval village in the Aylesbury Vale district of Buckinghamshire, England, about 2.5 miles (4 km) northwest of the centre of Aylesbury. The parish measures about 2.5 miles (4 km) north – south, but east – west it is nowhere more than about 34 mile (1.2 km) wide. It is bounded to the southeast by the River Thame, to the east by a stream that joins the Thame, and to the west by field boundaries. It has an area of 934 acres (378 ha).[1]

The A41 main road between Aylesbury and Waddesdon runs through the middle of the parish. Aylesbury Vale Parkway railway station is on the A41 road, just outside the parish's eastern boundary.

In 2010 the Office for National Statistics estimated the parish population to be 47.[2] The 2011 Census included its population in that of the civil parish of Waddesdon.[citation needed]

Archaeology[edit]

The course of the former Akeman Street Roman road passes northwest – southeast through the parish. A "heavy scatter of Roman pottery" has been found in the parish on the course of the former road, indicating the site of a former Romano-British settlement.[3]

Toponym[edit]

The toponym "Marston" is derived from the Old English for "marsh farm". The prefix "Fleet" refers to the stream along eastern side of the parish,[4] and was added to distinguish the village from nearby North Marston. The Domesday Book of 1086 records the village as Mersetone.[1] In the 13th century the village name was recorded as Flettemerstone.[1]

Parish church[edit]

Churches Conservation Trust plaque on St Mary's church porch

The oldest parts of St Mary's parish church are 12th-century.[5] There are records of parish rectors from 1223 onwards.[1] The baptismal font may be 13th-century and the present chancel arch and north porch were added in the 14th century.[1] One of the windows is 15th-century.[5]

Parish registers from 1630 onwards survive.[1] John Wesley is known to have preached his first sermon at Fleet Marston shortly after his ordination as deacon in 1725.[6][7] The building was restored in 1868–69 under the direction of George Gilbert Scott. It is now a Grade II* listed building.[5] It is also a redundant church in the care of the Churches Conservation Trust.[6]

Economic and social history[edit]

Some buildings in the village, including Fleet Marston Farm, are 17th-century.[1] The manor house referred to below stood near the church, and was demolished in 1772.[1] In 1806 Daniel and Samuel Lysons described Fleet Marston in their Magna Britannia:

FLEET-MARSTON, in the hundred of Ashendon and deanery of Waddesdon, lies about three miles from Aylesbury, on the road to Bicester. The manor, which was for many years in the Lees, has been lately purchased of their representative, Lord Dillon, by James Dupré esq. of Wilton Park. The advowson of the rectory being then the property of John Tirrel-Morin esq. was advertised for sale in the month of May 1805.[4]

By 1851 the parish was in decline. The religious census of 1851 recorded its population as 30, with just eight attending church on Sunday 30 March.[8] By 1871 the population had fallen to 23, living in five houses.[9]

Little remains of the village today. In the south of the parish is the farm at Putlowes and Putlowes Cottages just to the southwest of the A41 road. In the centre of the parish, just northeast of the A41 are some smaller farms and St Mary's church. In the north of the parish are Fleet Marston Farm, Fleet Marston Cottages and Lower Fleetmarston Farm. The latter can be reached only via Berryfields Road in adjoining Quarrendon parish (another deserted village).

Railway[edit]

The Aylesbury and Buckingham Railway was built through the parish in the 1860s and opened in 1868. The Metropolitan Railway took it over in 1891 and opened Waddesdon railway station about 2 miles (3 km) northwest of Fleet Marston in 1897. The line became part of the Metropolitan and Great Central Joint Railway in 1906.

Waddesdon station was closed in 1936. British Railways withdrew passenger services in 1963 and later reduced the line to single track.

However, in 2011 Chiltern Railways opened Aylesbury Vale Parkway railway station where the line crosses the A41 road, just outside the eastern boundary of the parish. The station has an hourly service to London Marylebone via Aylesbury.

References[edit]

Sources and further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Fleet Marston at Wikimedia Commons