Flerden

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Flerden
Flerden Kirche mit Turm.jpg
Coat of arms of Flerden
Coat of arms
Location of Flerden
Flerden is located in Switzerland
Flerden
Flerden
Flerden is located in Canton of Graubünden
Flerden
Flerden
Coordinates: 46°42′N 9°24′E / 46.700°N 9.400°E / 46.700; 9.400Coordinates: 46°42′N 9°24′E / 46.700°N 9.400°E / 46.700; 9.400
CountrySwitzerland
CantonGraubünden
DistrictViamala
Government
 • MayorKasper Marugg
Area
 • Total6.09 km2 (2.35 sq mi)
Elevation
1,231 m (4,039 ft)
Population
(2017-12-31)[2]
 • Total254
 • Density42/km2 (110/sq mi)
Postal code
7426
SFOS number3662
Surrounded byMasein, Portein, Safien, Tschappina, Urmein
Websitewww.flerden.ch
SFSO statistics

Flerden (Romansh: Flearda) is a municipality in the Viamala Region in the Swiss canton of Graubünden.

History[edit]

Flerden is first mentioned in 1156 as Flirden.[3]

Geography[edit]

Flerden has an area, as of 2006, of 6.1 km2 (2.4 sq mi). Of this area, 54.6% is used for agricultural purposes, while 30% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 3.6% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (11.7%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4]

Before 2017, the municipality was located in the Thusis sub-district, of the Hinterrhein district, after 2017 it was part of the Viamala Region.[5] It consists of the haufendorf (an irregular, unplanned and quite closely packed village, built around a central square) of Flerden on the inner Heinzenberg at an elevation of 1,234 m (4,049 ft).

Demographics[edit]

Flerden has a population (as of 31 December 2017) of 254.[6] As of 2008, 2.0% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 15.3%.[4]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 49.5% male and 50.5% female.[7] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Flerden is; 14 people or 8.8% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old. 22 people or 13.8% are 10 to 14, and 13 people or 8.1% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 9 people or 5.6% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 17 people or 10.6% are 30 to 39, 30 people or 18.8% are 40 to 49, and 21 people or 13.1% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 12 people or 7.5% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 16 people or 10.0% are 70 to 79, there are 6 people or 3.8% who are 80 to 89.[8]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 47.6% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the FDP (24.4%), the SPS (14%) and the CVP (12.7%).[4]

The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Flerden about 81% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[4]

Flerden has an unemployment rate of 0.32%. As of 2005, there were 42 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 16 businesses involved in this sector. 3 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 2 businesses in this sector. 15 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 4 businesses in this sector.[4]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3][7]

year population
1808 148
1850 122
1900 109
1950 150
1960 132
1970 105
1980 128
1990 158
2000 160

Languages[edit]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (95.6%), with Romansh being second most common ( 3.8%) and Italian being third ( 0.6%).[4]

Languages in Flerden
Languages Census 1980 Census 1990 Census 2000
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
German 123 96.09% 157 99.37% 153 96.0%
Romanish 4 3.12% 1 0.63% 6 4.0%
Population 128 100% 158 100% 160 100%

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeinden nach 4 Hauptbereichen". Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
  2. ^ "Bilanz der ständigen Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Staatsangehörigkeit (Kategorie), Geschlecht und demographischen Komponenten". Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 12 January 2019.
  3. ^ a b Flerden in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Swiss Federal Statistical Office Archived January 5, 2016, at the Wayback Machine accessed 7 October 2009
  5. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz - Mutationsmeldungen 2016 accessed 16 February 2017
  6. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (in German) accessed 17 September 2018
  7. ^ a b Graubunden in Numbers Archived September 24, 2009, at the Wayback Machine (in German) accessed 21 September 2009
  8. ^ Graubunden Population Statistics Archived August 27, 2009, at the Wayback Machine (in German) accessed 21 September 2009