Flerden

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Flerden
Flerden Kirche mit Turm.jpg
Coat of arms of Flerden
Coat of arms
Flerden is located in Switzerland
Flerden
Flerden
Flerden is located in Canton of Graubünden
Flerden
Flerden
Coordinates: 46°42′N 9°24′E / 46.700°N 9.400°E / 46.700; 9.400Coordinates: 46°42′N 9°24′E / 46.700°N 9.400°E / 46.700; 9.400
Country Switzerland
Canton Graubünden
District Viamala
Government
 • Mayor Kasper Marugg
Area[1]
 • Total 6.09 km2 (2.35 sq mi)
Elevation 1,231 m (4,039 ft)
Population (Dec 2015[2])
 • Total 229
 • Density 38/km2 (97/sq mi)
Postal code 7426
SFOS number 3662
Surrounded by Masein, Portein, Safien, Tschappina, Urmein
Website www.flerden.ch
SFSO statistics

Flerden (Romansh: Flearda) is a municipality in the Viamala Region in the Swiss canton of Graubünden.

History[edit]

Flerden is first mentioned in 1156 as Flirden.[3]

Geography[edit]

Flerden has an area, as of 2006, of 6.1 km2 (2.4 sq mi). Of this area, 54.6% is used for agricultural purposes, while 30% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 3.6% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (11.7%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4]

Before 2017, the municipality was located in the Thusis sub-district, of the Hinterrhein district, after 2017 it was part of the Viamala Region.[5] It consists of the haufendorf (an irregular, unplanned and quite closely packed village, built around a central square) of Flerden on the inner Heinzenberg at an elevation of 1,234 m (4,049 ft).

Demographics[edit]

Flerden has a population (as of 31 December 2015) of 229.[2] As of 2008, 2.0% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 15.3%.[4]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 49.5% male and 50.5% female.[6] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Flerden is; 14 people or 8.8% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old. 22 people or 13.8% are 10 to 14, and 13 people or 8.1% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 9 people or 5.6% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 17 people or 10.6% are 30 to 39, 30 people or 18.8% are 40 to 49, and 21 people or 13.1% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 12 people or 7.5% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 16 people or 10.0% are 70 to 79, there are 6 people or 3.8% who are 80 to 89.[7]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 47.6% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the FDP (24.4%), the SPS (14%) and the CVP (12.7%).[4]

The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Flerden about 81% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[4]

Flerden has an unemployment rate of 0.32%. As of 2005, there were 42 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 16 businesses involved in this sector. 3 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 2 businesses in this sector. 15 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 4 businesses in this sector.[4]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3][6]

year population
1808 148
1850 122
1900 109
1950 150
1960 132
1970 105
1980 128
1990 158
2000 160

Languages[edit]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (95.6%), with Romansh being second most common ( 3.8%) and Italian being third ( 0.6%).[4]

Languages in Flerden
Languages Census 1980 Census 1990 Census 2000
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
German 123 96.09% 157 99.37% 153 96.0%
Romanish 4 3.12% 1 0.63% 6 4.0%
Population 128 100% 158 100% 160 100%

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (German) accessed 30 August 2016
  3. ^ a b Flerden in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Swiss Federal Statistical Office Archived January 5, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. accessed 7 October 2009
  5. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz - Mutationsmeldungen 2016 accessed 16 February 2017
  6. ^ a b Graubunden in Numbers Archived September 24, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  7. ^ Graubunden Population Statistics Archived August 27, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. (German) accessed 21 September 2009