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Flesh-hook is a term for a variety of beating archaeological artefacts which have metal hooks and a long handle, or socket for a lost wooden handle. Though the term may be applied to objects from other times and places, it is especially associated with the European Bronze Age and Iron Age. The metal shaft divides to form between two and five hooks with some sort of sharpened end. The purposes of the objects probably include pulling meat out of a pot or hides out of tan-pits.[1] Some are plain in design but many are elaborately decorated, and if related to food, are clearly for the feasting hall rather than the kitchen (if such a distinction existed); some have been found with cauldrons and other large vessels. Some Bronze Age types are regarded as ritual objects, perhaps never actually used for a practical purpose. The division and serving of meat at feasts and after sacrifices was a matter of great social significance, and some tension, in several cultures, as we know from early literatures; it is recorded as leading to fatal violence in both classical Greece and Irish mythology (see Champion's portion).

The Hebrew Bible/Old Testament contains passages referring to the use of fleshhooks, one with three hooks, being used by Israelite priests to pull meat out of a cauldron. The cauldron contained meat from sacrificed animals being cooked in a liquid ( 1 Samuel 2:13-14).

There are only thirty-six known flesh-hooks from the Atlantic Bronze Age (2300 – 600 BC)[2] Many more Iron age examples exist.

Notable examples:


  1. ^ "Oxford English Dictionary: 'flesh-hook". Oxford University Press. 2010. Retrieved 3 July 2010. 
  2. ^ Needham, Stuart; Sheridan Bowman (2005). "Flesh-Hooks, Technological Complexity and the Atlantic bronze Age Feasting Complex". European Journal of Archaeology. doi:10.1177/1461957105066936. Retrieved 3 July 2010. 
  3. ^ "Bronze flesh-hook". The British Museum. 2010. Retrieved 2 July 2010. 
  4. ^ "flesh-hook". The British Museum. 2010. Retrieved 3 July 2010. 

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