Flexor carpi radialis muscle
|Flexor carpi. radialis muscle|
Anterior view of the left forearm. Superficial muscles. (Flexor carpi radialis and its tendon visible in blue.)
Anterior view of right upper extremity. (Flex. carp. rad. labeled at upper left.)
|Origin||medial epicondyle of humerus (common flexor tendon)|
|Insertion||Bases of second and third metacarpal bones|
|Actions||Flexion and abduction at wrist|
|Antagonist||Extensor carpi ulnaris muscle|
|Latin||musculus flexor carpi radialis|
|Anatomical terms of muscle|
Origin and insertion
The flexor carpi radialis is one of four muscles in the superficial layer of the anterior compartment of the forearm.
This muscle originates from the medial epicondyle of the humerus as part of the common flexor tendon. It runs just laterally of flexor digitorum superficialis and inserts on the anterior aspect of the base of the second metacarpal, and has small slips to both the third metacarpal and trapezium tuberosity.
The tendon of the flexor carpi radialis is visible on the anterior surface of the forearm, just proximal to the wrist, when the wrist is flexed. It it the tendon seen most lateral, closest to the thumb.
Nerve and artery
Like most flexors of the anterior compartment of the forearm, FCR is innervated by the median nerve, specifically by axons from cervical nerve roots C6 and C7. The muscle receives its blood supply from the ulnar artery.