Flieden

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Flieden
Coat of arms of Flieden
Coat of arms
Flieden  is located in Germany
Flieden
Flieden
Coordinates: 50°25′N 09°34′E / 50.417°N 9.567°E / 50.417; 9.567Coordinates: 50°25′N 09°34′E / 50.417°N 9.567°E / 50.417; 9.567
Country Germany
State Hesse
Admin. region Kassel
District Fulda
Founded before 806
Government
 • Mayor Christian Henkel (CDU)
Area
 • Total 49.65 km2 (19.17 sq mi)
Elevation 280 - 508 m (−1,387 ft)
Population (2015-12-31)[1]
 • Total 8,758
 • Density 180/km2 (460/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 36103
Dialling codes 0 66 55
Vehicle registration FD
Website www.flieden.de

Flieden is a municipality in the district of Fulda, in Hesse, Germany. Traditionally called a “Königreich” (Kingdom), it may show a crown in its coat of arms.

Geography[edit]

Flieden is located in a valley north west of the Landrücken between the Vogelsberg and the Rhön. It is an area of low hills with the highest elevations being Knöschen near Buchenrod (509 m) and the Storker Küppel near Oberstork (470 m). At the very center of Flieden the creeks Magdloser Wasser und Kautzer Wasser merge into the Fliede River which later flows into the Fulda River.

In the north Flieden borders Neuhof and in the east Kalbach both in the district of Fulda. In the south and west Flieden borders Schlüchtern and Steinau an der Straße (Main-Kinzig-Kreis).

Besides the main locality, Flieden consists of the districts Berishof, Buchenrod, Döngesmühle, Federwisch, Fuldaische Höfe, Höf und Haid, Katzenberg, Kautz, Kellerei, Keutzelbuch, Langenau, Laugendorf, Leimenhof, Magdlos, Rückers, Schweben, Stork (Ober- and Unterstork), Storker Hof, Struth and Weinberg.

History[edit]

In 806 Flieden was first mentioned as “Mark Flieden” in a deed of donation to the monastery of Fulda.

In the Middle Ages Flieden was located at the Via Regia from Frankfurt am Main to Leipzig which was a very important country and military road in the Holy Roman Empire.

In 1868, Flieden station was opened with the Kinzig Valley Railway. The mountains between Flieden and Schlüchtern initially led to the decision to build a zig zag line in order to avoid building an almost 4 km long tunnel. This required all through trains to reverse at Elm, which led to increasing congestion as traffic increased with the connection of the Flieden–Gemünden railway to the line at Elm in 1873. Tunnel-building technology had improved significantly by the beginning of the 20th century, notably with the increased availability of dynamite. Thus in 1909 construction of the Schlüchtern tunnel began under Distelrasen; it was completed on 14 February 1914 and put into operation on 1 May. In 2009 a second tube was opened and the old tunnel is now being rebuilt as a single-track tunnel.

At the end of World War II about 1000 displaced persons from the former eastern territories of Germany settled in Flieden.[citation needed]

Statistics[edit]

Year People Notes
1000 14 Liden and 23 Dreitagsfröner
1512 3 settlers
1516 93 neighbours
1708 596
1791 2943 approx. later large-scale community
1983 7846 from now on a large-scale community
2004 8811
2005 8840
2006 8755
2007 8717
2008 8814
2009 8644

References[edit]

External links[edit]