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Flindersia brayleyana in Brisbane
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Rutaceae
Subfamily: Zanthoxyloideae
Genus: Flindersia

See text


Flindersia is a genus of 17 species of small to large trees in the family Rutaceae. They have simple or pinnate leaves, flowers arranged in panicles at or near the ends of branchlets and fruit that is a woody capsule containing winged seeds. They grow naturally in Australia, the Moluccas, New Guinea and New Caledonia.


Trees in the genus Flindersia have simple or pinnate leaves with up to sixteen leaflets, the side leaflets arranged in opposite pairs. The flowers are arranged in panicles at the ends of branchlets or in upper leaf axils and have five sepals and five petals. The flowers are bisexual, or sometimes only have stamens. There are five stamens opposite the sepals, alternating with five staminodes. The ovary has five locules and is more or less spherical with five shallow lobes and there are between four and six ovules in each locule. The fruit is a woody capsule splitting into five and contains brown, winged seeds.[2][3]


The genus Flindersia was first formally described in 1814 by Robert Brown in Matthew Flinders' sea voyage journal A Voyage to Terra Australis.[4] Brown named the type species, Flindersia australis in the same journal from specimens collected near Broad Sound in September 1802.[5]

Species list[edit]

The following is a list of species accepted by the Australian Plant Census,[6] or The Plant List*[7] for species outside Australia:

Distribution and habitat[edit]

Many species of Flindersia grow in rainforest. Of the seventeen species, fifteen occur in Australia, twelve of which are endemic.[2]


Some species yield timbers that are widely used for flooring and cabinet work.[2]



  1. ^ a b "Flindersia". Australian Plant Census. Retrieved 14 July 2020.
  2. ^ a b c Porteners, Marianne F. "Genus Flindersia". Royal Botanic Garden Sydney. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  3. ^ Hartley, Thomas G.; Wilson, Annette J.G. (ed.) (2013). Flora of Australia (Volume 26). Canberra: Australian Biological Resources Study. pp. 62–63. Retrieved 15 July 2020. {{cite book}}: |first2= has generic name (help)
  4. ^ "Flindersia". APNI. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  5. ^ "Flindersia australis". APNI. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  6. ^ "Flindersia". Australian Plant Census. Retrieved 14 July 2020.
  7. ^ "Flindersia". The Plant List. Retrieved 14 July 2020.

External links[edit]

Media related to Flindersia at Wikimedia Commons