Flindersia bennettii

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Bennett's Ash
Flindersia bennettiana Coffs H.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Rutaceae
Genus: Flindersia
Species: F. bennettii
Binomial name
Flindersia bennettii
(F.Muell.) ex C.Moore[1]
Synonyms[1]
  • Flindersia bennettiana F.Muell. ex Benth.
  • Flindersia leichhardtii C.DC.

Flindersia bennettii is an Australian rainforest tree in the citrus family.[1] It is known as the Bennett's Ash, named after the naturalist, Dr. George Bennett.

It occurs mainly in streamside, seaside or subtropical rainforest. The natural range of distribution is from the Clarence River, New South Wales to Bundaberg in south eastern Queensland.[2]

Description[edit]

A tree up to 40 metres in height,[3] and a trunk diameter of 90 cm. The trunk is cylindrical and tall with moderately smooth grey bark. The bark features some small bumps and scales. Small branches show distinct leaf scars, and lenticels. New shoots are green and downy.

Leaves[edit]

3 to 10 opposite leaflets per compound leaf. Leaflets 6 to 19 cm long, 1.7 to 8 cm wide. Bright green above, duller below with a blunt leaf tip. Leaves dissimilar at the base, with one part of the leaflet broader and more curved than the other. Leaflet stalk 1 to 4 mm long, but the terminal leaflet has a longer stem, occasionally over 15 to 30 mm.

The compound leaf stem is 3 to 10 cm long, mostly flattened on the top part, with two sharp edges. Leaf mid rib, lateral and net veins seen above and below. 15 to 20 pairs of lateral veins are present.

Flowers & fruit[edit]

Cream flowers form on panicles from February to August. Flowers with a dough like scent. Panicles grow from the forks of leaves or at the end of branchlets. The fruit is a brown woody capsule, with blunt prickles. 4 to 8 cm long. Opening up in 5 valves. Each valve has a woody middle divide, and on each side are two or three seeds. The wind blown seeds mature from November to February.

Timber[edit]

Straight grained and easily worked. Previously used for timber in the construction of coaches, boat building, cabinet and joinery work. It is an excellent carving wood.[4] The weight is between 800 and 850 kilograms per cubic metre.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Flindersia bennett%". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) database (listing by % wildcard matching of all Australian taxa starting with this name). Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government. Retrieved 1 Nov 2013. 
  2. ^ Floyd, A.G., Rainforest Trees of Mainland South-eastern Australia, Inkata Press 2008, ISBN 978-0-9589436-7-3 page 358
  3. ^ "Flindersia bennettiana". PlantNET - NSW Flora Online. Retrieved 2010-06-30. 
  4. ^ "Flindersia bennettiana". NSW Forestry Commission - Forestry Handbook.