|Figure skating element|
|Element name:||Flip jump|
|Take-off edge:||Back inside|
|Landing edge:||Back outside|
|Inventor:||unknown, perhaps Bruce Mapes|
The flip jump (also called the flip) is a figure skating jump.
The International Skating Union (ISU) defines a flip jump as "a toe jump that takes off from a back inside edge and lands on the back outside edge of the opposite foot". It is executed with assistance from the toe of the free foot. Writer Ellyn Kestnbaum calls the jump "somewhat trickier than the loop for most skaters. considerably more so than the salchow or toe loop", because of its unstable inside edge and the precision required to align and time the jump's vault from the toepick. As a consequence, quadruple flip jumps are, as ESPN puts it, "rare". Kestnbaum also states that it is crucial that the skater's edge not be too deep, but instead almost forms a straight line. Variations of the flip jump include the half flip and the split flip. The half flip is often used as a simple transitional movement during a step sequence and as a takeoff for other half jumps. A split flip is a single flip jump with a split position at the peak of the skater's position in the air.
In competitions, the base value of a single flip is 0.50; the base value of a double flip is 1.80; the base value of a triple flip is 5.50; and the base value of a quadruple flip is 11.00. The origins of the flip jump is unknown, although American professional figure skater Bruce Mapes might have created it. There is also no record of the first male skater to perform the flip. The first female skaters to execute it were Katarina Witt from East Germany and Manuela Ruben from West Germany, at the 1981 European Championships. The first quadruple flip jump was performed by Shoma Uno from Japan, at the 2016 Team Challenge Cup.Hoang, Mai (23 April 2016). "Uno lands historic quad flip at Team Challenge". Golden Skate.com. Retrieved 13 January 2019.</ref>
- Media Guide, p. 13
- "Skating Glossary". Skate Canada. 2015. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
- Kestnbaum, p. 289
- "Takahashi is first Japanese man to win". ESPN.com. Associated Press. 25 March 2010. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
- Kestnbaum, pp. 288–289
- "Communication No. 2168: Single & Pair Skating". Lausanne, Switzerland: International Skating Union. 23 May 2018. p. 2. Retrieved 12 January 2019.
- Media Guide, p. 14
- "ISU Figure Skating Media Guide 2018/19". International Skating Union. 20 September 2018. Retrieved 21 June 2019.
- Kestnbaum, Ellyn (2003). Culture on Ice: Figure Skating and Cultural Meaning. Middletown, Connecticut: Wesleyan University Press. ISBN 0819566411.
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