Flor de Caña
|Manufacturer||Compañía Licorera de Nicaragua|
|Country of origin||Nicaragua|
|Alcohol by volume||40%|
|Proof||70 - 80|
|Variants||Limón - 4 years
Extra Light - 4 years
Extra Dry - 4 years
Gold - 4 years
Black Label - 5 years
Gran Reserva - 7 years
Centenario - 12 years
Centenario Gold - 18 years
|Related products||List of rum producers|
Flor de Caña is made by Compañía Licorera de Nicaragua, S.A, (CLNSA) a member of Grupo Pellas. Compañía Licorera de Nicaragua was founded in 1937. Initially the company sought to develop a large sugarcane plantation so they built their first distillery in Chichigalpa (about 120 km from Managua) in 1890.
After building the distillery, it was not until 1937 that Flor De Caña was introduced by CLNSA. Grupo Pellas was founded in 1950. It was the first company to distribute the rum, and in 1959 it was first exported to Venezuela, Costa Rica and other Central American countries.
During 1963 and 1965 the plantation in Chichigalpa underwent modernization updates. Eight years later a second distillery was constructed in Honduras. The Plantation in Chichigalpa was completely modernized in 1996.
In 1980, The Contras utilized funds from the Honduran distillery to form and fund "Death Squads".
On November 9, 2007, the Compañía Licorera de Nicaragua, which produces Flor de Caña, launched a new rum called "Zeta". Zeta combines 4 year old rums with citrus. The rum is targeted toward young adults 18 and over.
Flor De Caña is renowned as one of the best rums in Latin America, having won more than 100 international awards since 2000 and has been the most award-winning rum brand during this period. It has captured gold, silver, and bronze medals and has received high recommendations from wine and liquor enthusiasts.
A distinctive aspect of Flor de Caña is its brand symbol present on all bottles. The logo depicts a road, with palm trees on the sides, that continues on to the horizon. A chain of volcanoes is also seen on the horizon. The symbol was inspired by the railroad, along with the palm trees on the sides, that led to the San Antonio sugar mill located in Chichigalpa, Nicaragua, where the Flor de Caña rum was first produced, and where it continues to be produced today. The volcano in the center seen on the horizon is the San Cristobal volcano, the tallest in Nicaragua.
|Flor de Caña|
Products such as Flor de Caña have increasingly been the subject of criticism due to the association with an epidemic of chronic kidney disease - also known as Mesoamerican nephropathy - among sugar plantation workers: "At least 20,000 people are estimated to have died of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in Central America in the past two decades - most of them sugar cane workers along the Pacific coast." Ingenio San Antonio - Nicaragua's largest sugar mill owned by the conglomerate Grupo Pellas which produces Flor de Caña - has denied links between sugar plantation work and CKD, and have funded research into possible causes. However, other research has pointed to evidence that suggests that CKD is an occupational disease caused by "exposure to heat stress in conjuction with pesticide inhalation, sugarcane chewing and sugar intake during the workday."
- Welcome to CLNSA
- Grupo Pellas (Intro)
- Flor De Caña Rums - Slow-aged for an incredibly smooth taste. www.flordecana.com
- Welcome to CLNSA
- http://www.theledger.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20040320/NEWS/403200351/1179 p7
- "RON FLOR DE CAÑA PRESENTÓ ZETA". Archived from the original on 2008-01-15. Retrieved 2008-01-02.
- "World Class Rums". TACA. Retrieved 2007-10-07.
- Wine Enthusiast Magazine
- Liquor Review: Flor de Caña Gold - BoozeBasher.com
- Ron Flor de Caña Nuevamente Galardonado
- Ron Flor de Caña Invicto en Londres
- Lakhani, Nina (16 February 2015). "Nicaraguans demand action over illness killing thousands of sugar cane workers". guardian Online. Retrieved 20 July 2015.
- Brooks D, McClean M. (2012). Summary report: Boston University investigation of chronic kidney disease in Western Nicaragua, 2009 - 2012. Internet link
- Raines N, Gonzalez M, Wyatt C, Kurzrok M, Pool C, Lemma T, et al. (2014). Risk factors for reduced glomerular filtration rate in a Nicaraguan community affected by Mesoamerican nephropathy. MEDICC Review, 16(2), pp.16–22, 16. Internet link