Flora, Mississippi

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Flora, Mississippi
Town
Location of Flora, Mississippi
Location of Flora, Mississippi
Flora, Mississippi is located in USA
Flora, Mississippi
Flora, Mississippi
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 32°32′35″N 90°18′43″W / 32.54306°N 90.31194°W / 32.54306; -90.31194Coordinates: 32°32′35″N 90°18′43″W / 32.54306°N 90.31194°W / 32.54306; -90.31194
Country United States
State Mississippi
County Madison
Government
 • Mayor Les Childress
Area
 • Total 3.4 sq mi (8.8 km2)
 • Land 3.4 sq mi (8.8 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 240 ft (73 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 1,546
 • Density 454.2/sq mi (175.4/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 39071
Area code(s) 601
FIPS code 28-24940
GNIS feature ID 0670043
Looking east on Main Street in Flora, c. 1915
Cotton bales near Flora's railroad depot, c. 1915

Flora is a town in Madison County, Mississippi. The population was 1,546 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Jackson Metropolitan Statistical Area.

The town is named for Flora Mann Jones, an early resident.

History[edit]

Graves in Flora's cemetery date to 1821.[1] A post office was established in 1883. That same year, Flora became a stop on the newly constructed Yazoo and Mississippi Valley Railroad. The railroad depot is now a museum, and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[1][2]

Flora was incorporated in 1886.[1]

Mississippi Ordnance Plant[edit]

In 1941, the Mississippi Ordnance Plant was constructed north of Flora to produce propellant and igniter charges for large-caliber guns. The site also had firing ranges for sub-machine guns, rifles, anti-aircraft guns, live grenades, and demolition explosives.[3] A notable employee was science fiction writer Cyril M. Kornbluth.[4]

The plant was operated by General Tire, and supported a policy that African-American men were to be employed only as janitors, yard workers, freight loaders, truck drivers and maintenance workers, and could only work in production jobs if white men were not available. African-American women could only be employed as maids and cafeteria helpers. In 1942, a local group of African-American citizens met to protest the company's policy.[5]

The site was declared surplus in 1945, and the army certified it "completely decontaminated".[3]

In 1947, the Mississippi Department of Education planned to turn part of the plant into a vocational school for African-Americans, until white residents protested the governor, stating that property values would be ruined.[6]

One of the reinforced bunkers eventually became the "Southern Vital Records" storage facility, and in 1977, a local high school student found an abandoned M-2A2 tank in a wooded area.[7][8]

National Bio and Agro-Defense Facility[edit]

In 2008, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security announced that the Flora Industrial Park was one of six locations in the United States being considered for the construction of a new National Bio and Agro-Defense Facility. Flora's Mayor, Scott Greaves, responded to opposition to the facility by stating in 2007: "Education is the whole key to it.. You have to find the people who are concerned and educate them. In the end, you're still going to have a few idiots". Manhattan, Kansas was selected as the site for the new facility.[9][10][11]

Geography[edit]

Flora is located at 32°32′35″N 90°18′43″W / 32.54306°N 90.31194°W / 32.54306; -90.31194 (32.543056, -90.311843).[12]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 3.4 square miles (8.8 km2), all land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 228
1900 304 33.3%
1910 747 145.7%
1920 698 −6.6%
1930 513 −26.5%
1940 509 −0.8%
1950 655 28.7%
1960 743 13.4%
1970 987 32.8%
1980 1,507 52.7%
1990 1,482 −1.7%
2000 1,546 4.3%
2010 1,886 22.0%
Est. 2014 1,888 [13] 0.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]

As of the census[15] of 2000, there were 1,546 people, 575 households, and 416 families residing in the town. The population density was 454.2 people per square mile (175.6/km²). There were 606 housing units at an average density of 178.0 per square mile (68.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 57.05% White, 42.04% African American, 0.65% Native American, 0.06% from other races, and 0.19% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.32% of the population.

There were 575 households out of which 36.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.7% were married couples living together, 25.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.5% were non-families. 25.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.21.

In the town the population was spread out with 29.3% under the age of 18, 9.4% from 18 to 24, 30.8% from 25 to 44, 19.7% from 45 to 64, and 10.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 86.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.2 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $38,077, and the median income for a family was $41,324. Males had a median income of $31,786 versus $22,176 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,075. About 18.7% of families and 25.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 44.4% of those under age 18 and 10.6% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

The Town of Flora is served by the Madison County School District.

The Tri-County Academy, a private school, is located in Flora. East Flora Elementary, a public school, is also located in Flora.

Attractions[edit]

Just outside of the Flora city limits lies a forest collection of petrified wood, the Mississippi Petrified Forest, which purports to be the only such forest east of the Mississippi River.

Media[edit]

Flora is served both by radio station WYAB 103.9 FM and The Flora News, a monthly free community newspaper.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Historic Preservation". Town of Flora. Retrieved February 2014. 
  2. ^ Howe, Tony. "Flora, Mississippi". Mississippi Rails. Retrieved February 2014. 
  3. ^ a b "Mississippi Ordnance Plant" (PDF). U.S. Department of Defense. Retrieved February 2014. 
  4. ^ Rich, Mark (2009). C.M. Kornbluth: The Life and Works of a Science Fiction Visionary. McFarland. 
  5. ^ Mitchell, Clarence Maurice (2005). The Papers of Clarence Mitchell, Jr: 1942-1943. Ohio University Press. 
  6. ^ Altschuler, Glenn; Blumin, Stuart (2009). The GI Bill: The New Deal for Veterans. Oxford University Press. 
  7. ^ Grayson, Walt (August 15, 2006). "Look Around MS: WWII". WLBT. 
  8. ^ Husted, Glenn (September 1, 2011). "Armed Forces Museum is Home to One of First Production-Model Tanks" (PDF). Mississippi National Guard. 
  9. ^ "Some Sure, Some Not, of Lab's Safety". Athens Banner-Herald. September 16, 2007. 
  10. ^ Kingsbury, Nancy (2009). Biological Research: Observations on DHS's Analyses Concerning Whether Foot and Mouth Disease Research Can be Done as Safely on the Mainland as on Plum Island. General Accounting Office. 
  11. ^ "National Bio and Agro-Defense Facility". U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved February 2014. 
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  13. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  14. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  15. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  16. ^ "E. C. Coleman". Basketball Reference. Retrieved February 2014. 
  17. ^ "Parys Haralson". NFL.com. Retrieved February 2014. 
  18. ^ Russell, Tony (14 October 2005). "Paul 'Wine' Jones". The Guardian. 
  19. ^ Lemon, Armistead; Henderson, Harris. "Belle Kearney, 1863-1939". University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved February 2014. 

External links[edit]