Tennis Party at Mount Perry (Florence Broadhurst is second from left.)
Florence Maud Broadhurst
28 July 1899
|Died||15 October 1977 (aged 78)|
|Cause of death||Murder|
|Other names||Bobby Broadhurst, Madame Pellier|
|Occupation||Designer Business woman|
Florence Maud Broadhurst (28 July 1899 – 15 October 1977) was an Australian wallpaper and fabrics designer as well as businesswoman, whose murder remains a mystery.
Broadhurst was born in Mount Perry, Queensland, at Mungy Station. She became a singer, winning local eisteddfods, and joined a group known as the Smart Set Diggers who performed in Toowoomba. In 1922 she joined a comedy sextet known as the "Globe Trotters" and later the "Broadcasters", who toured South East Asia and China. In 1926 she established the Broadhurst Academy in Shanghai, offering tuition in violin, pianoforte, voice production, banjolele playing, modern ballroom dancing, classical dancing, musical culture and journalism.
After her return to Queensland in 1927, she sustained head injuries in a car accident. She then went to England and in 1929 married Percy Walter Gladstone Kann, an English stockbroker. They co-directed Pellier Ltd, Robes & Modes, and she called herself Madame Pellier. Kann and Broadhurst separated, and Broadhurst became involved with diesel engineer Leonard Lloyd-Lewis, living in Banstead from 1939. During World War II she joined the Australian Women's Voluntary Services, offering hospitality to Australian soldiers. In 1949, the couple and their son Robert moved to Australia, where she maintained the fiction that she was British. She travelled widely and produced 114 landscape paintings, which were first shown as "Paintings of Australia" in 1954 at David Jones Art Gallery, Sydney, then later in Brisbane and Canberra. In the late 1950s Lloyd-Lewis left her for a woman younger than their own son. She was a foundation member of the Art Gallery Society of New South Wales and a member of the Society of Interior Designers of Australia, was a teacher of printmaking and sculpture at the National Art School and was also involved in a variety of charitable activities. Her husband left her and their son in 1961. Broadhurst then ran a motor-sales company with her son.
Broadhurst was bludgeoned to death with a large piece of timber in her Paddington studio on 15 October 1977. The murder was never solved, but there has been some speculation that Broadhurst was a victim of serial killer John Wayne Glover, who was convicted of murdering six elderly women between 1989 and 1990, and is thought by police to have been responsible for other deaths. In Gillian Armstrong's Unfolding Florence: The Many Lives of Florence Broadhurst, friends and employees of Broadhurst stated that they believed the killer may have been known to her and that the motive may have been financial. This was due to the presence of two cups of tea near her body, suggesting a meeting or appointment, and the killer's apparent knowledge of her factory's layout.
In 1959 Broadhurst established Australian (Hand Printed) Wallpapers Pty Ltd., which later became Florence Broadhurst Wallpapers Pty Ltd, advertised as "the only studio of its kind in the world". Her brightly coloured geometric and nature-inspired oversized designs were all hand printed. Technical advances made in her studio included printing onto metallic surfaces, the development of a washable, vinyl-coating finish and a drying rack system that allowed her wallpapers to be produced in large quantities. By 1972, her wallpapers reportedly contained around 800 designs in eighty different colours, while by the mid-1970s she monopolised the quality end of the Australian market and was exporting worldwide.
Broadhurst's library of wooden silk-printing screens and film positives was sold to Wilson Fabrics and Wallcoverings in 1978, just one year after her death. However, the decline of wallpaper as a popular form of home furnishing in the 1980s saw the collection languish, and it was later re-sold to Signature Prints Pty Ltd. Signature Prints in turn was purchased by a conglomerate led by current CEO David Lennie in 1989. Lennie had previously run a small wallpaper company in Auckland, New Zealand and briefly met Florence Broadhurst before her death.
In the late 1990s, Chee Soon & Fitzgerald, a tiny but influential Sydney design store, held the wholesale and retail distribution rights for Broadhurst wallpaper. This led to some popularity in Sydney design circles but little media attention. In the early 2000s, Signature Prints made a conscious decision to promote Broadhurst's designs overseas, specifically in the UK. This effort, coupled with an international resurgence of interest in wallpaper, greatly increased the designer's profile and led to distribution deals being struck for both the UK and the US in 2003.
Five hundred and thirty Broadhurst designs are in the company's collection but only a small proportion are printed by the company as wallpaper and fabric. The company retains strict control over the designs and insists printing take place in its inner-city Sydney factory. Some licences have been granted for other uses, such as high-end fashion pieces by designers Akira Isogawa, Nicky Zimmermann and Karen Walker. In late 2008 a rug collection featuring ten Broadhurst designs was released in Australia and the US.
- List of unsolved deaths
- List of Orientalist artists
- Unfolding Florence: The Many Lives of Florence Broadhurst, a 2006 documentary/drama movie
- Siobhan O'Brien, A Life By Design, 2004
- Gillian Armstrong, Unfolding Florence: The Many Lives of Florence Broadhurst, docu-drama, 2006
- Helen O'Neill, Florence Broadhurst: Her Secret and Extraordinary Lives, 2006
- Anne-Marie Van de Ven, Broadhurst, Florence Maud (1899 - 1977) Archived 24 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine., Australian Dictionary of Biography, Supplementary Volume, Melbourne University Press, 2005, pp 46-47.
- Van de Ven, Anne-Marie (2005). "Broadhurst, Florence Maud (1899–1977)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Archived from the original on 5 April 2018. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
- Gibson, Jano (9 September 2005). "Granny killer found dead in cell". The Sydney Morning Herald. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015.
- "Florence Broadhurst's Amazing Adventure". Signature Prints. Archived from the original on 10 February 2009. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
- "Go with the Flo". Sydney Morning Herald. 10 November 2004. Archived from the original on 18 August 2006. Retrieved 11 November 2004.