Florencia, Caquetá

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Florencia
Municipality and city
Flag of Florencia
Flag
Nickname(s): 
Golden Gate to the Colombian Amazonia
Location of the municipality and town of Florencia in the Caquetá Department of Colombia.
Location of the municipality and town of Florencia in the Caquetá Department of Colombia.
Florencia is located in Colombia
Florencia
Florencia
Location in Colombia
Coordinates: 1°36′50″N 75°36′46″W / 1.61389°N 75.61278°W / 1.61389; -75.61278Coordinates: 1°36′50″N 75°36′46″W / 1.61389°N 75.61278°W / 1.61389; -75.61278
Country Colombia
RegionAmazonas Region
DepartmentCaquetá Department
Founded1902
Incorporated1912
Founded byDoroteo de Pupiales
Named forFlorence
Government
 • MayorMaría Susana Portela
Area
 • Municipality and city2,292 km2 (885 sq mi)
 • Urban
14.56 km2 (5.62 sq mi)
Elevation
242 m (794 ft)
Population
 (2012)[1]
 • Municipality and city163,323
 • Rank35th in Colombia
 • Density71/km2 (180/sq mi)
 • Urban
141,804
 • Urban density9,700/km2 (25,000/sq mi)
 • Rural
21,519
 DANE
Demonym(s)Florencian
florenciano (m), -na (f)
florentino (m), -na (f)
Ethnicity
 • White/Mestizo95.9%
 • Afro3.3%
 • Amerindian0.8%
Time zoneUTC-05 (Colombia Standard Time)
Postal code
180001–180009
Area code(s)57 + 8
Major airportGustavo Artunduaga Paredes Airport
WebsiteOfficial website (in Spanish)

Florencia (Spanish pronunciation: [floˈɾensja], English: Florence) is a municipality and capital city of the Department of Caquetá, Colombia. It is the most important city in southwest Colombia because of its population as well as its more than a hundred years of history. It is the boundary between mountains and the Amazon. It lies on the Orteguaza River which flows into the Caqueta River. Its population is roughly 165,000.

Florencia Pizrro Square

History[edit]

Florencia was founded on December 25, 1902 by Capuchin Friar Doroteo De Pupiales (1876-1959) Born in Pupiales, Nariño, Colombia.

Geography[edit]

Florencia is located by the steps of the Cordillera Oriental mountain range. The municipality of Florencia limits to the north with the Huila Department and the municipality of El Paujil, to the east with the municipalities of El Paujil and La Montañita, to the south with the municipalities of Milán and Morelia, and to the west with the municipality of Belén de Andaquies and the Huila Department.

Climate[edit]

Florencia has a tropical rainforest climate (Af), and experiences significant rainfall during the course of the year. There is still a large amount of rainfall, even in the driest month. The average temperature in Florencia is 19.2 °C. In Florencia, July is the driest month, while October tends to be the wettest month. About 5191 mm (around 204 inches) of precipitation falls annually during the year.

Climate data for Florencia (Caquetá)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 32.7
(90.9)
31.9
(89.4)
30.8
(87.4)
30.1
(86.2)
29.9
(85.8)
28.7
(83.7)
28.5
(83.3)
29.9
(85.8)
30.6
(87.1)
31.2
(88.2)
31.5
(88.7)
32.0
(89.6)
30.7
(87.2)
Average low °C (°F) 21.8
(71.2)
21.9
(71.4)
21.7
(71.1)
21.5
(70.7)
21.3
(70.3)
21.0
(69.8)
20.8
(69.4)
20.9
(69.6)
21.2
(70.2)
21.7
(71.1)
21.8
(71.2)
21.8
(71.2)
21.5
(70.6)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 119
(4.7)
191
(7.5)
296
(11.7)
382
(15.0)
471
(18.5)
503
(19.8)
461
(18.1)
356
(14.0)
329
(13.0)
325
(12.8)
254
(10.0)
153
(6.0)
3,840
(151.1)
Average relative humidity (%) 82 83 86 87 89 89 88 87 87 85 86 84 86
Mean monthly sunshine hours 157.5 109.9 102.5 82.0 106.4 95.9 104.1 123.4 135.4 141.9 146.8 149.6 1,455.4
Source: IDEAM[2] - Gobernación de Caquetá[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b National Administrative Department of Statistics - DANE (2005). "Perfil Municipal de Florencia - Censo 2005" (PDF). Retrieved 13 January 2012.
  2. ^ Instituto de Hidrología, Meteorología y Estudios Ambientales. "IDEAM - Climatografía de la principales ciudades" (in Spanish). Retrieved 13 November 2010.
  3. ^ Gobernación de Caquetá. "Estaciones Meteorológicas del Caquetá" (PDF) (in Spanish). Retrieved 17 January 2011.[permanent dead link]

External links[edit]

Media related to Florencia at Wikimedia Commons