Florentine citron

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Florentine citron
Cedro da Fiorenza Volkamer 1708 124a.png
SpeciesC. × limonimedica Lush.

The Florentine citroncitron hybrid of Florence (Italian: cedrato di Firenze) – is a very fragrant citrus fruit, which is named after its most known origin of cultivation. Its scientific name is Citrus × limonimedica 'Florentina' Lush.

Source and genetics[edit]

This variety or hybrid originated in Italian Renaissance gardens. Today it is considered to be a lemon × citron hybrid.

It's known to be one parent of the Bizzaria chimaera.

History and uses[edit]

The Florentine hybrid

It was first described by Johann Christoph Volkamer in his Nürnbergische Hesperides, who gave a detailed account for original citrus types, mutations and hybrids, along with professional illustrations. He has many illustrations of the Florentine citron growing by itself, or on the Bizzaria tree. Those illustrations resemble the way it looks today.

He also writes that it has a very pleasant fragrance, similar to the Greek citron.

The most popular Italian variety, namely the Genoese citron, was well respected and praised by Ashkenazic and Sephardic communities.[1]


  1. ^ Rabbi Daniel Tirni of Fiorenza, Ikrei haDath chapter 33.

External links[edit]