Florentino Jimón Barba
Jimón Barba is head of a ceramics family with over fifty years of experience. This began with Florentino’s father Agustín Jimón, who began working with clay as a child and later taught his son. Today the children of this family grow up around clay and pottery at the family workshop in Tonalá.
Jimón Barba primarily works in bruñido and bandera, types of Jalisco pottery. Most of the bruñido (burnished) pieces are miniatures. Bandera pottery is so-called as it has a red background with the designs painted on in white and green, the colors of the Mexican flag.
Jimón Barba is noted for his traditional ceramics techniques, using white, black and red clays obtained locally. Unlike most ceramics families in Tonalá, they do not work the raw clay with their feet, feeling that this damages the clay and disrespects it. Instead they use their hands. He creates the pieces by hand and with molds. After drying, the pieces are then covered in a slip to seal the pores and make the background color uniform. The paints are made from slips and minerals, rather than commercial or industrial paints. This includes the whites, which is difficult to grind and must be used before it turns grey.
The artisan and his family create round pots, large jars called “tibores,” cantaros, flower vases, platters, bowls and other utilitarian items, as well as miniatures, storage boxes and decorative spheres. Decorative motifs include James the Greater in various forms, eagles, serpents, Tastoanes, naguals, stylized flowers, other vegetation and suns.
- Grandes Maestros del Arte Popular Mexicano. Mexico City: Collección Fomento Cultural Banamex. 2001. pp. 109–110. ISBN 968-5234-03-5.
- "Florentino Jimón Barba: La famosa cerámica de bandera de Tonalá". Chapala, Jalisco: Feria Maestros del Arte. Retrieved January 20, 2014.
- Carlos Paul (January 3, 2007). "Alfarero, oficio que tiene mucho de místico: Tradición Tonalteca". La Jornada (Mexico City). Retrieved January 20, 2014.